 # Prove that in a triangle if the square of one side `
Question:

Prove that in a triangle if the square of one side is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two side then the angle opposite to the first side is a right angle.

Solution:

Given: if square of one side is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides, then we have to prove that the angle opposite the first side is a right angle.

Here, we are given a triangle ABC with . We need to prove that .

Now, we construct a triangle PQR right angled at Q such that and .

We have the following diagram. Now, in , we have

$\mathrm{PR}^{2}=\mathrm{PQ}^{2}+\mathrm{QR}^{2}$

$\Rightarrow \mathrm{PR}^{2}=\mathrm{AB}^{2}+\mathrm{BC}^{2} \ldots \ldots(1)$

But, it is given that

$\mathrm{AC}^{2}=\mathrm{AB}^{2}+\mathrm{BC}^{2} \ldots \ldots(2)$

From equations (1) and (2), we get

$\mathrm{AC}^{2}=\mathrm{PR}^{2}$

$\Rightarrow \mathrm{AC}=\mathrm{PR} \ldots \ldots(3)$

$\mathrm{AC}^{2}=\mathrm{PR}^{2}$

$\Rightarrow \mathrm{AC}=\mathrm{PR} \ldots \ldots(3)$

From the above analysis in and , we have

$\mathrm{AB}=\mathrm{PQ}$

$\mathrm{BC}=\mathrm{QR}$

$\mathrm{AC}=\mathrm{PR}$

$\Rightarrow \triangle \mathrm{ABC}-\triangle \mathrm{PQR}$

$\Rightarrow \angle \mathrm{B}=\angle \mathrm{Q}$

Since $\angle \mathrm{Q}=90^{\circ}$, therefore $\angle \mathrm{B}=90^{\circ}$

Hence, $\angle \mathrm{B}=90^{\circ}$