**Question:**

Prove that the area of the equilateral triangle drawn on the hypotenuse of a right angled triangle is equal to the sum of the areas of the equilateral

triangle drawn on the other two sides of the triangle.

**Solution:**

Let a right triangle BAC in which ∠A is right angle and AC = y, AB = x.

Three equilateral triangles ΔAEC, Δ AFB and ΔCBD are drawn on the three sides of ΔABC. Again let area of triangles made on AC, AS and BC

are A1, A2 and A3, respectively.

To prove A3 = A1 + A2

Proof $\ln \Delta C A B$, by Pythagoras theorem,

$B C^{2}=A C^{2}+A B^{2}$

$\Rightarrow \quad B C^{2}=y^{2}+x^{2}$

$\Rightarrow \quad B C=\sqrt{y^{2}+x^{2}}$

We know that, area of an equilateral triangle $=\frac{\sqrt{3}}{4}(\text { Side })^{2}$

$\therefore$ Area of equilateral $\triangle A E C, A_{1}=\frac{\sqrt{3}}{4}(A C)^{2}$

$\Rightarrow \quad A_{1}=\frac{\sqrt{3}}{4} y^{2}$ .....(i)

and area of equilateral $\triangle A F B, A_{2}=\frac{\sqrt{3}}{4}(A B)^{2}=\frac{\sqrt{3}}{4} \sqrt{\left(y^{2}+x^{2}\right)}$

$=\frac{\sqrt{3}}{4}\left(y^{2}+x^{2}\right)=\frac{\sqrt{3}}{4} y^{2}+\frac{\sqrt{3}}{4} x^{2}$

$=A_{1}+A_{2}$ [from Eqs. (i) and (ii)]

Hence proved.