Show that A B=B A in each of the following cases:

Question:

Show that $A B=B A$ in each of the following cases:

$A=\left[\begin{array}{cc}\cos \theta & -\sin \theta \\ \sin \theta & \cos \theta\end{array}\right]$ and $B=\left[\begin{array}{cc}\cos \phi & -\sin \phi \\ \sin \phi & \cos \phi\end{array}\right]$

 

Solution:

Given : $A=\left[\begin{array}{cc}\cos \theta & -\sin \theta \\ \sin \theta & \cos \theta\end{array}\right]$ and $B=\left[\begin{array}{cc}\cos \phi & -\sin \phi \\ \sin \phi & \cos \phi\end{array}\right]$

Matrix $A$ is of order $2 \times 2$ and Matrix $B$ is of order $2 \times 2$

To show : matrix $A B=B A$

Formula used:

Where $c_{i j}=a_{i 1} b_{1 j}+a_{i 2} b_{2 j}+a_{i 3} b_{3 j}+\ldots \ldots \ldots \ldots \ldots .+a_{i n} b_{n j}$

If $A$ is a matrix of order $a \times b$ and $B$ is a matrix of order $c \times d$, then matrix $A B$ exists and is of order $a \times d$, if and only if $b=$ $C$

If $A$ is a matrix of order $a \times b$ and $B$ is a matrix of order $c \times d$, then matrix $B A$ exists and is of order $c \times b$, if and only if $d=$ a

For matrix $A B, a=2, b=c=2, d=2$, thus matrix $A B$ is of order $2 \times 2$

Matrix $A B=$

Matrix $A B=\left[\begin{array}{ll}\cos \theta \cos \emptyset-\sin \theta \sin \emptyset & -\cos \theta \sin \emptyset-\sin \theta \sin \emptyset \\ \sin \theta \cos \emptyset+\cos \theta \sin \emptyset & -\sin \theta \sin \emptyset+\cos \theta \cos \emptyset\end{array}\right]$

Matrix $A B=\left[\begin{array}{cc}\cos \theta \cos \emptyset-\sin \theta \sin \emptyset & -\cos \theta \sin \emptyset-\sin \theta \sin \emptyset \\ \sin \theta \cos \emptyset+\cos \theta \sin \emptyset & -\sin \theta \sin \emptyset+\cos \theta \cos \emptyset\end{array}\right]$

For matrix $\mathrm{BA}, \mathrm{a}=2, \mathrm{~b}=\mathrm{c}=2, \mathrm{~d}=2$, thus matrix $\mathrm{BA}$ is of order $2 \times 2$

Matrix $\mathrm{BA}=$

$\left[\begin{array}{cc}\cos \emptyset & -\sin \emptyset \\ \sin \emptyset & \cos \emptyset\end{array}\right] \times\left[\begin{array}{cc}\cos \theta & -\sin \theta \\ \sin \theta & \cos \theta\end{array}\right]$

$=\left[\begin{array}{ll}\cos \emptyset \cos \theta-\sin \emptyset \sin \theta & -\cos \emptyset \sin \theta-\sin \emptyset \cos \theta \\ \sin \emptyset \cos \theta+\cos \emptyset \sin \theta & -\sin \emptyset \sin \theta+\cos \emptyset \cos \theta\end{array}\right]$

Matrix BA $=\left[\begin{array}{ll}\cos \theta \cos \emptyset-\sin \theta \sin \emptyset & -\cos \theta \sin \emptyset-\sin \theta \sin \emptyset \\ \sin \theta \cos \emptyset+\cos \theta \sin \emptyset & -\sin \theta \sin \emptyset+\cos \theta \cos \emptyset\end{array}\right]$

Matrix BA = Matrix $A B=\left[\begin{array}{ll}\cos \theta \cos \emptyset-\sin \theta \sin \emptyset & -\cos \theta \sin \emptyset-\sin \theta \sin \emptyset \\ \sin \theta \cos \emptyset+\cos \theta \sin \emptyset & -\sin \theta \sin \emptyset+\cos \theta \cos \emptyset\end{array}\right]$

Thus Matrix $\mathrm{AB}=\mathrm{BA}$

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