The length of a potentiometer wire


The length of a potentiometer wire is $1200 \mathrm{~cm}$ and it carries a current of $60 \mathrm{~mA}$. For a cell of emf $5 \mathrm{~V}$ and internal resistance of $20 \Omega$, the null point on it is found to be at $1000 \mathrm{~cm}$. The resistance of whole wire is:

  1. (1) $80 \Omega$

  2. (2) $120 \Omega$

  3. (3) $60 \Omega$

  4. (4) $100 \Omega$

Correct Option: , 4


Let $R$ be the resistance of the whole wire Potential gradient for the potentiometer wire

$' A B^{\prime}=-\frac{d V}{d \ell}=\frac{I \times R}{\ell}=\left[\frac{60 \times R}{\ell_{A B}}\right] \mathrm{mv} / \mathrm{m}$

$V_{A P}=\left(\frac{d V}{d \ell_{A B}}\right) \ell_{A P}=\frac{60 \times R}{1200} \times 1000 \mathrm{mV}$

$\Rightarrow V_{A P}=50 \mathrm{R} m V$

Also, $V_{A P}=5 V($ for balance point at $P)$

$\therefore R=\frac{V_{A P}}{50 \times 10^{-3}}=\frac{5}{50 \times 10^{-3}}=100 \Omega$

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