# then show that a, b, c and d are in G.P.

Question:

If $\frac{a+b x}{a-b x}=\frac{b+c x}{b-c x}=\frac{c+d x}{c-d x}(x \neq 0)$, then show that $a, b, c$ and $d$ are in G.P.

Solution:

It is given that,

$\frac{a+b x}{a-b x}=\frac{b+c x}{b-c x}$

$\Rightarrow(a+b x)(b-c x)=(b+c x)(a-b x)$

$\Rightarrow a b-a c x+b^{2} x-b c x^{2}=a b-b^{2} x+a c x-b c x^{2}$

$\Rightarrow 2 b^{2} x=2 a c x$

$\Rightarrow b^{2}=a c$

$\Rightarrow \frac{b}{a}=\frac{c}{b}$ $\ldots(1)$

Also, $\frac{b+c x}{b-c x}=\frac{c+d x}{c-d x}$

$\Rightarrow(b+c x)(c-d x)=(b-c x)(c+d x)$

$\Rightarrow b c-b d x+c^{2} x-c d x^{2}=b c+b d x-c^{2} x-c d x^{2}$

$\Rightarrow 2 c^{2} x=2 b d x$

$\Rightarrow c^{2}=b d$

$\Rightarrow \frac{c}{d}=\frac{d}{c}$ $\ldots(2)$

From (1) and (2), we obtain

$\frac{b}{a}=\frac{c}{b}=\frac{d}{c}$

Thus, abc, and d are in G.P.