Two bodies, a ring and a solid cylinder of same material
Question:

Two bodies, a ring and a solid cylinder of same material are rolling down without slipping an inclined plane. The radii of the bodies are same. The ratio of velocity of the centre of mass at the bottom of the inclined plane of the ring to that of

the cylinder is $\frac{\sqrt{x}}{2}$. Then, the value of $x$ is__________.

Solution:

I in both cases is about point of contact Ring

$\mathrm{mgh}=\frac{1}{2} \mathrm{I} \omega^{2}$

$\mathrm{mgh}=\frac{1}{2}\left(2 \mathrm{mR}^{2}\right) \frac{\mathrm{v}_{\mathrm{R}}^{2}}{\mathrm{R}^{2}}$

$\mathrm{v}_{\mathrm{R}}=\sqrt{\mathrm{gh}}$

Solid cylinder

$\mathrm{mgh}=\frac{1}{2} \mathrm{I} \omega^{2}$

$\mathrm{mgh}=\frac{1}{2}\left(\frac{3}{2} \mathrm{mR}^{2}\right) \frac{\mathrm{v}_{\mathrm{C}}^{2}}{\mathrm{R}^{2}}$

$\mathrm{v}_{\mathrm{C}}=\sqrt{\frac{4 \mathrm{gh}}{3}}$

$\frac{\mathrm{V}_{\mathrm{R}}}{\mathrm{V}_{\mathrm{C}}}=\frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}$

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