Under which of the following two conditions

Question:

Under which of the following two conditions applied together, a gas deviates most from the ideal behaviour?

(a) Low pressure

(b) High pressure

(c) Low temperature

(d) High temperature

Solution:

(b, c) A gas which obeys the ideal gas equation, p V = nRTunder all conditions of temperature and pressure is called an ‘ideal gas’.

However, there is no gas which obeys the ideal gas equation under all conditions of temperature and pressure. Hence, the concept of ideal gas is

only theoretical or hypothetical. The gases are found to obey the gas laws fairly well when the pressure is low or the temperature is high.

Such gases are, therefore, known as ‘real gases’. All gases are real gases. Hence, at high pressure and low temperature, a real gas deviates

most from ideal behaviour.

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