 # Which of the following numbers are squares of even numbers? `
Question:

Which of the following numbers are squares of even numbers?

121, 225, 256, 324, 1296, 6561, 5476, 4489, 373758

Solution:

The numbers whose last digit is odd can never be the square of even numbers. So, we have to leave out 121, 225, 6561 and 4489, leaving only 256, 324, 1296, 5476 and 373758. For each number, use prime factorisation method and make pairs of equal factors.

(i) 256 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2

= (2 x 2) x (2 x 2) x (2 x 2) x (2 x 2)

There are no factors that are not paired. Hence, 256 is a perfect square. The square of an even number is always even. Hence, 256 is the square of an even number.

(ii) 324 = 2 x 2 x 3 x 3 x 3 x 3

= (2 x 2) x (3 x 3) x (3 x 3)

There are no factors that are not paired. Hence, 324 is a perfect square. The square of an even number is always even. Hence, 324 is the square of an even number.

(iii)1296 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 3 x 3 x 3 x 3

= (2 x 2) x (2 x 2) x (3 x 3) x (3 x 3)

There are no factors that are not paired. Hence, 1296 is a perfect square. The square of an even number is always even. Hence, 1296 is the square of an even number.

(iv) 5476 = 2 x 2 x 37 x 37

= (2 x 2) x (37 x 37)

There are no factors that are not paired. Hence, 5476 is a perfect square. The square of an even number is always even. Hence, 5476 is the square of an even number.

(v) 373758 = 2 x 3 x 7 x 11 x 809

Here, each factor appears only once, so grouping them into pairs of equal factors is not possible. It means that 373758 is not the square of an even number.

Hence, the numbers that are the squares of even numbers are 256, 324, 1296 and 5476.