Which point on y-axis is equidistant from (2, 3)


Which point on y-axis is equidistant from (2, 3)  and (−4, 1)?


The distance $d$ between two points $\left(x_{1}, y_{1}\right)$ and $\left(x_{2}, y_{2}\right)$ is given by the formula


Here we are to find out a point on the y-axis which is equidistant from both the points (23) and (41).

Let this point be denoted as C(x, y).

Since the point lies on the y-axis the value of its ordinate will be 0. Or in other words we have.

Now let us find out the distances from ‘A’ and ‘B’ to ‘C

$A C=\sqrt{(2-x)^{2}+\left(3-y^{2}\right)}$


$A C=\sqrt{(2)^{2}+(3-y)^{2}}$

$B C=\sqrt{(-4-x)^{2}+(1-y)^{2}}$


$B C=\sqrt{(-4)^{2}+(1-y)^{2}}$

We know that both these distances are the same. So equating both these we get,

$A C=B C$


Squaring on both sides we have,


$4+9+y^{2}-6 y=16+1+y^{2}-2 y$

$4 y=-4$


Hence the point on the $y$-axis which lies at equal distances from the mentioned points is $(0,-1)$.

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