Thermodynamics – JEE Main Previous Year Questions with Solutions
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Q. Assuming the gas to be ideal the work done on the gas in taking it from A to B is :- (1) 400 R            (2) 500 R            (3) 200 R            (4) 300 [AIEEE-2009]

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Sol. (1)

Q. The work done on the gas in taking it from D to A is :- (1) –690 R            (2) +690 R            (3) –414 R               (4) +414 R [AIEEE-2009]

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Sol. (4)

Q. The net work done on the gas in the cycle ABCDA is :- (1) 1076 R            (2) 1904 R           (3) Zero             (4) 276 R [AIEEE-2009]

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Sol. (4)

Q. A diatomic ideal gas is used in a carnot engine as the working substance. If during the adiabatic expansion part of the cycle the volume of the gas increases from V to 32 V, the efficiency of the engine is :- (1) 0.25            (2) 0.5           (3) 0.75             (4) 0.99 [AIEEE-2010]

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Sol. (3)

Q. A Carnot engine operating between temperatures $\mathrm{T}_{1}$ and $\mathrm{T}_{2}$ has efficientcy $\frac{1}{6} .$ When $\mathrm{T}_{2}$ is lowered by $62 \mathrm{K},$ its efficiency increases to $\frac{1}{3} .$ Then $\mathrm{T}_{1}$ and $\mathrm{T}_{2}$ are, respectively:- (1) 330 K and 268 K             (2) 310 K and 248 K              (3) 372 K and 310 K                 (4) 372 K and 330 K [AIEEE-2011]

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Sol. (3)

Q. The specific heat capacity of a metal at low temperautre (T) is given as $\mathrm{C}_{\mathrm{p}}\left(\mathrm{kJk}^{-1} \mathrm{kg}^{-1}\right)=32\left(\frac{\mathrm{T}}{400}\right)^{3}$ A 100 gram vessel of this metal is to be cooled from 20°K to 4°K by a special refrigerator operating at room temperature (27°C). The amount of work required to cool the vessel is:- (1) equal to 0.002 kJ (2) greater than 0.148 kJ (3) between 0.148 kJ and 0.028 kJ (4) less than 0.028 kJ [AIEEE-2011]

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Sol. (3)

Q. A container with insulating walls is divided into two equal parts by a partition fitted with a valve. One part is filled with an ideal gas at a pressure P and temperature T, whereas the other part is completely evacuated. If the valve is suddenly opened, the pressure and temperature of the gas will be :- (1) $\frac{\mathrm{P}}{2}, \mathrm{T}$ (2) $\frac{\mathrm{P}}{2}, \frac{\mathrm{T}}{2}$ (3) P, T (4) $\mathrm{P}, \frac{\mathrm{T}}{2}$ [AIEEE-2011]

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Sol. (1)

Q. Helium gas goes through a cycle ABCDA (consisting of two isochoric and two isobaric lines) as shown in figure. Efficiency of this cycle is nearly (Assume the gas to be close to ideal gas) :- [AIEEE-2012]

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Sol. (2)

Q. A Carnot engine, whose efficiency is 40% takes in heat from a source maintained at a temperature of 500 K. It is desired to have an engine of efficiency 60%. Then, the intake temperature for the same exhaust (sink) temperature must be :- (1) 600 K (2) efficiency of Carnot engine cannot be made larger than 50% (3) 1200 K (4) 750 K [AIEEE-2012]

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Sol. (4)

Q. The above p-v diagram represents the thermodynamic cycle of an engine, operating with an ideal monoatomic gas. The amount of heat, extracted from the source in a single cycle is : (1) $\mathrm{p}_{0} \mathrm{v}_{0}$ ( 2)$\left(\frac{13}{2}\right) \mathrm{p}_{0} \mathrm{v}_{0}$ ( 3)$\left(\frac{11}{2}\right) \mathrm{p}_{0} \mathrm{v}_{0}$ (4) $4 \mathrm{p}_{0} \mathrm{v}_{0}$ [jEE-Mains-2013]

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Sol. (2)

Q. One mole of diatomic ideal gas undergoes a cyclic process ABC as shown in figure. The process BC is adiabatic. The temperatures at A, B and C are 400 K, 800 K and 600 K respectively. Choose the correct statement : [jEE-Mains-2014]

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Sol. (2)

Q. Consider a spherical shell of radius R at temperature T. The black body radiation inside it can be considered as an ideal gas of photons with internal energy per unit volume $\mathrm{u}=\frac{\mathrm{U}}{\mathrm{V}} \propto \mathrm{T}^{4}$ and pressure $\mathrm{p}=\frac{1}{3}\left(\frac{\mathrm{U}}{\mathrm{v}}\right)$. If the shell now undergoes an adiabatic expansion the relation between T and R is – (1) $\mathrm{T} \propto \frac{1}{\mathrm{R}}$ (2) $\mathrm{T} \propto \frac{1}{\mathrm{R}^{3}}$ (3) T $\propto \mathrm{e}^{-\mathrm{R}}$ (4) $\mathrm{T} \propto \mathrm{e}^{-3 \mathrm{R}}$ [jEE-Mains-2015]

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Sol. (1)

Q. ‘n’ moles of an ideal gas undergoes a process $\mathrm{A} \rightarrow \mathrm{B}$ as shown in the figure. The maximum temperature of the gas during the process will be : (1) $\frac{9 \mathrm{P}_{0} \mathrm{V}_{0}}{\mathrm{nR}}$ (1) $\frac{9 \mathrm{P}_{0} \mathrm{V}_{0}}{\mathrm{nR}}$ (3) $\frac{3 \mathrm{P}_{0} \mathrm{V}_{0}}{2 \mathrm{nR}}$ (4) $\frac{9 \mathrm{P}_{0} \mathrm{V}_{0}}{2 \mathrm{nR}}$ [jEE-Mains-2016]

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Sol. (2)

Q. An ideal gas undergoes a quasi static, reversible process in which its molar heat capacity C remains constant. If during this process the relation of pressure P and volume V is given by $\mathrm{P} \mathrm{V}^{\mathrm{n}}$ = constant, then n is given by (Here $\mathrm{C}_{\mathrm{P}}$ and $\mathrm{C}_{\mathrm{v}}$ are molar specific heat at constant pressure and constant volume, respectively) :- (1) $\mathrm{n}=\frac{\mathrm{C}-\mathrm{C}_{\mathrm{V}}}{\mathrm{C}-\mathrm{C}_{\mathrm{P}}}$ (2) $\mathrm{n}=\frac{\mathrm{C}_{\mathrm{P}}}{\mathrm{C}_{\mathrm{V}}}$ (3) $\quad \mathrm{n}=\frac{\mathrm{C}-\mathrm{C}_{\mathrm{P}}}{\mathrm{C}-\mathrm{C}_{\mathrm{V}}}$ (4) $\mathrm{n}=\frac{\mathrm{C}_{\mathrm{P}}-\mathrm{C}}{\mathrm{C}-\mathrm{C}_{\mathrm{V}}}$ [jEE-Mains-2016]

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Sol. (3)

Q. $\mathrm{C}_{\mathrm{p}}$ and $\mathrm{C}_{\mathrm{v}}$ are specific heats at constant pressure and constant volume respectively. It is observed that $\mathrm{C}_{\mathrm{p}}-\mathrm{C}_{\mathrm{v}}=$ = a for hydrogen gas $\mathrm{C}_{\mathrm{p}}-\mathrm{C}_{\mathrm{v}}=$ = b for nitrogen gas The correct relation between a and b is : (1) a = 14 b (2) a = 28 b (3) $a=\frac{1}{14} b$ (4) a = b [jEE-Mains-2017]

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Sol. (1)

Q. Two moles of an ideal monoatomic gas occupies a volume V at $27^{\circ}$ C. The gas expands adiabatically to a volume 2V. Calculate (a) the final temperature of the gas and (b) change in its internal energy. (1) (a) 195 K (b) –2.7 kJ (2) (a) 189 K (b) –2.7 kJ (3) (a) 195 K (b) 2.7 kJ (4) (a) 189 K (b) 2.7 kJ [jEE-Mains-2018]

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Sol. (2)

• March 24, 2021 at 4:05 pm

answers are wrong for some of the questions

7
• February 27, 2021 at 10:55 am

AIEEE 2012 and Mains 2013 asked the same question but mains 2013 only asked for Q2 (extracted heat). So will it not be 3rd option (11/2) ?

14
• February 23, 2021 at 6:39 am

super

0
• January 18, 2021 at 10:33 pm

7
• December 24, 2020 at 10:51 pm

solutions should be provided

7
• December 21, 2020 at 12:29 pm

Faltu app hai saransh

15
• December 18, 2020 at 11:52 am

waste app in the world because not giving complete answers

3
• December 18, 2020 at 11:13 am

waste app in the world because not giving complete answers

4
• November 22, 2020 at 9:27 am

nice one

1
• September 6, 2020 at 3:13 pm

its not sufficient

1
• September 6, 2020 at 3:11 pm

good

0
• September 4, 2020 at 8:25 pm

♥️de q’s

0
• August 30, 2020 at 8:48 pm

0
• August 27, 2020 at 2:55 pm

pls provide solutions

20
• August 19, 2020 at 5:23 pm

0
• August 19, 2020 at 5:22 pm

not good

0
• August 18, 2020 at 7:45 pm

Pls give solutions …

9
• August 9, 2020 at 10:09 am

Post the questions completely with graphs & give the solutions for the questions.

0
• July 20, 2020 at 4:45 pm

There is no solutions for at least one question

0
• July 20, 2020 at 2:05 pm

G**du

0
• July 8, 2020 at 4:34 pm

Post the questions completely. And give a solution for that

0
• July 7, 2020 at 4:45 pm

Give the questions completely and keep solutions for those questions

0
• June 8, 2020 at 5:06 pm

It’s netter to give solutions for these questions

0
• May 1, 2020 at 9:01 am

U r not responding

0
• April 30, 2020 at 9:21 am

U have not given solutions for thermodynamics previous year questions. Please keep solutions for that

0