Bihar Board 12th Chemistry Syllabus- Download PDF
Bihar Board 12th Chemistry Syllabus | Download PDF

Students who are preparing for Bihar Board Class 12 Exam will get here Bihar Board 12th Chemistry Syllabus with the unit-wise Marks distribution. This will help the aspirants to know about the chapters having more weightage. Also get the PDF of Detailed Syllabus in this Article.

 

Chemistry Syllabus Class 12: Unit wise Marks Distribution

                     Unit Marks
Unit 1: Solid State 04
Unit 2: Solution 05
Unit 3: Electrochemistry 05
Unit 4: Chemical Kinetics 05
Unit 5: Surface Chemistry 03
Unit 6: General Principle & Processes of Isolation of Elements 03
Unit 7: p-block Elements 08
Unit 8: d and f-block Elements 05
Unit 9: Co-ordination compounds 03
Unit 10: Haloalkane & Haloarenes 04
Unit 11: Alcohols, Phenols& Ethers 04
Unit 12: Aldehyde, Ketone and Carboxylic Acid 06
Unit 13: Organic compounds containing Nitrogen 04
Unit 14: Biomolecules 04
Unit 15: Polymers 03
Unit 16: Chemistry in everyday life 03

Here is the detailed chapter wise Bihar Board 12th Chemistry syllabus below:

Unit 1: Solid State

  • Classification based on different binding forces
  • Crystalline and Amorphous Solid
  • Unit cell: in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, density of unit cell, packing in solids, voids, number of atoms per unit cell, point defects.
  • Band theory: Metals, Conductors and Semiconductors and Insulators
  • n and p-type semiconductors.

Unit 2: Solutions

  • Types of solutions
  • Expressing Concentration of solutions
  • Osmosis and Osmotic Pressure
  • Colligative Properties & Determination of Molar mass
  • Abnormal molecular mass
  • Vapour Pressure of Liquid solutions
  • Depression of Freezing point.

Unit 3: Electrochemistry

  • Redox Reactions
  • Electrolytic Cells and Electrolysis: Electrolytic Solutions
  • Galvanic Cells, Dry Cells and electrolytic Cells: EMF of a cell.
  • Nernst Equation and its applications.
  • Kohlraush’s Law
  • Corrosion
  • Fuel Cells

Unit 4: Chemical Kinetics

  • Rate of Reaction: Integrated Rate of a reactions, factors affecting the rate of reaction, Temperature dependence.
  • Order and molecularity of a reaction, rate law, specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half life.
  • Concept of collision theory.
  • Activation energy
  • Arrhenius equation.

Unit 5: Surface Chemistry

  • Adsorption: factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids
  • Catalysis, homogenous and heterogeneous activity and selectivity; enzyme catalysis colloidal state distinction between true solutions,
  • Colloids: Preparation of colloids and suspensions
  • Properties of Colloids: Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation. Emulsion: types of emulsions.

Unit 6: General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements

  • Principles and Methods of extraction
  • Oxidation and Reduction
  • Electrolytic method and refining
  • Occurrence of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron.

Unit 7: p-block Elements

Group 15 Elements:

  • Introduction, Configuration, Oxidation State, Occurrence, Physical & Chemical Properties.
  • Nitrogen: Preparation properties, uses, compounds, properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen.
  • Phosphorus – allotropic forms, compounds of phosphorus: preparation and properties of phosphine, halides PCl3 , PCl5 and oxoacids.

Group 16 Elements:

  • Introduction, Configuration, Oxidation State, Occurrence, Physical & Chemical Properties.
  • Dioxygen: Preparation properties and uses
  • Oxides: Classification of Oxides, Ozone.
  • Sulphur: Sulphur allotropic form, Compounds of sulphur, uses of Sulphur-di-oxide, Sulphuric acid, oxoacids of sulphur.

Group 17 Elements:

  • Introduction, Configuration, Oxidation State, Occurrence, Physical & Chemical Properties.
  • Halogen Compounds, uses of Chlorine and Hydrochloric Acid, interhalogen compounds, oxoacids of halogens.

Group 18 Elements:

  • Introduction, Configuration, Oxidation State, Occurrence, Physical & Chemical Properties.

Unit 8: d and f-block elements

  • Introduction, Configuration, Oxidation State, Occurrence, Physical & Chemical Properties.
  • Transition Metals: Characteristics and Occurrence
  • Potassium Dichromate & Potassium Permanganate: Preparation and Properties
  • Lanthanoids – Electronic configuration, oxidation states, and lanthanoid contraction.
  • Actinoids – Electronic configuration, oxidation states.

Unit 9: Coordination Compounds

  • IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds.
  • Bonding in Metal carbonyl’s
  • Introduction and Werner’s theory of Coordination Compounds.
  • Valence Bond theory and Crystal field Theory: structure and stereo isomerism, importance.

Unit 10: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

  • Haloalkanes: Classification, Applications,  Nomenclature, nature of C-X bond.
  • Haloarenes: Nature of C -X bond, substitution reactions
  • Uses and environmental effects of – dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform freons, DDT.

Unit 11: Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers

  • Alcohols: Nomenclature, preparation methods, physical and chemical properties, identification of alcohols (Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary), mechanism of dehydration, Uses.
  • Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, Properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophilic substitution reactions, uses of phenols.
  • Ethers: Nomenclature, Preparation Methods, Properties and Uses.

Unit 12: Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids

  • Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, Preparation Methods, Properties, Nucleophilic addition reaction.
  • Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses.

Unit 13: Organic Compounds and Containing Nitrogen

  • Amines: Structure, Classification, Nomenclature, Preparation Method, Properties, Uses, Identification of Amines (Primary, Secondary & Tertiary).
  • Cyanides and Isocyanides: Structure, Classification, Nomenclature, Preparation Method, Properties and Uses
  • Diazonium salts: Structure, Classification, Nomenclature, Preparation Method, Properties, and importance in synthetic organic chemistry.

Unit 14: Biomolecules

  • Carbohydrates: Classification and Uses.
  • Proteins: Structures, Elementary idea of α – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins. Denaturation of proteins and enzymes.
  • Vitamins: Classification and functions.
  • Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA structures.

Unit 15: Polymers

  • Classification, Polymerization Method, Copolymerization
  • Natural and Synthetic Polymers.
  • Biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers.

Unit 16: Chemistry in Everyday Life

  • Chemicals in Foods.
  • Drugs and their Classification
  • Chemicals in medicines:  antiseptics, disinfectants, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines etc.
  • Chemicals in food: Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents.
  • Cleansing agents: Soaps and detergents, cleansing action.
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