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Important Questions for Class 10 Science Chapter 10 - Human Eye and Colourful World

JEE Mains & Advanced

This chapter 10 focuses on the human eye and its various functions for humans and how it helps us in our day-to-day life. It's very important that students must utilise this point of time to review hard and these important questions will help students to revise better and re-evaluate the most points within the chapter. It's of grave importance that candidates be aware of the important questions which have a high potential of coming within the exams. Students who don’t understand the subject alright must study these important questions of sophistication for Class 10 so that students can have a better understanding of the chapter and also know what are the important topics to specialise in.

eSaral is a platform that provides free CBSE Solutions (NCERT) and other study materials for students. Students can download Class 10 Maths NCERT Solutions to help you to revise the complete syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.

This chapter plays crucial role in science class 10 since it contains a lot of information. Chapter 10 gives students information on how to prepare for exams and the appropriate quantity of study material to help them revise this topic on the human eye. You will get to know about the human eye, different types of lenses, the light spectrum, and the numerous sorts of eye disorders that people experience, as well as how to remedy these problems. 

The notes for this chapter 10 human eyes are simply accessible on the eSaral website. You may view the human eye class 10 critical questions at any time on this website. Students may either download it in pdf format. You can also print these questions for ease of study because gazing at a screen all day can be exhausting, and using a computer can be quite distracting.

Important Topics & Sub-topics of  Human Eye and Colourful World Class 10 Science

Certainly, here are detailed explanations of the important topics and sub-topics related to the human eye and the colorful world for Class 10 Science:

1. Human Eye

  • Structure of the Human Eye: The eye is composed of various parts including the cornea, iris, pupil, lens, retina, and optic nerve. The cornea and lens work together to focus light onto the retina.

  • Functioning of Parts: The cornea and lens help in the process of accommodation, allowing the eye to focus on objects at different distances. The iris controls the size of the pupil, regulating the amount of light entering the eye.

  • Defects of Vision:  Myopia (nearsightedness) occurs when distant objects appear blurry. Hypermetropia (farsightedness) makes nearby objects unclear. Presbyopia is the loss of flexibility of the eye lens with age.

  • Correction Methods: Eyeglasses use lenses to correct vision by altering the path of light entering the eye. Contact lenses are placed directly on the eye. Surgical procedures like LASIK can reshape the cornea for vision correction.

2. Colorful World

  • Nature of Light: Light is a form of electromagnetic radiation. It travels in straight lines and can be reflected, refracted, and dispersed.

  • Spectrum of Light: When white light passes through a prism, it disperses into its constituent colors, forming a spectrum. The order of colors in a spectrum is red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet (ROYGBIV).

  • Rainbow Formation: A rainbow is formed when sunlight is refracted, reflected inside raindrops, and then refracted again. The different colors are due to varying angles of refraction for each wavelength.

  • Scattering of Light: Rayleigh scattering causes the sky to appear blue and explains why the sun looks reddish during sunrise and sunset.

  • Mirrors and Lenses: Multiple mirrors are used in daily life, such as in kaleidoscopes and periscopes. Convex lenses converge light and are used in magnifying glasses, while concave lenses diverge light.

These topics cover the fundamental principles of vision, the nature of light, and its interaction with optical devices, providing a comprehensive understanding for Class 10 students.

Tips to Solve Class 10 Science Chapter 10 Human Eye and Colourful World

Certainly! Here are some tips to effectively solve Class 10 Science Chapter 10 - "Human Eye and Colourful World":

1. Understand the Basics: Ensure a solid understanding of the basic concepts, such as the structure and functioning of the human eye, correction of vision defects, nature of light, and the formation of a spectrum.

2. Diagrammatic Representation: Practice drawing and labeling diagrams of the human eye. This helps in better visualization and understanding, and it can fetch you marks in exams.

3. Practical Knowledge: Try to understand the practical aspects of the chapter, especially experiments related to lenses, dispersion of light, and the formation of a spectrum. Practical knowledge reinforces theoretical concepts.

4. Defects and Correction: Pay special attention to common vision defects (myopia, hypermetropia, presbyopia) and their corrections. Understand how lenses are used to correct these defects and their focal lengths.

5. Use Flashcards or Mnemonics: Create flashcards or mnemonics to remember key terms and concepts. 

6. Practice Numericals: If there are numerical problems related to lenses, focal length, or any other topic, practice solving them. Numerical problem-solving enhances your understanding of the application of concepts.

7. Refer to NCERT Textbook: Stick to your NCERT textbook as it is the primary reference. Read the text thoroughly and make notes of important points. Teachers often refer to NCERT textbooks when setting exam questions.

8. Solve Sample Papers and Previous Years' Question Papers: Practice solving sample papers and previous years' question papers to get an idea of the exam pattern. It helps in managing time during the actual exam and understanding the types of questions asked.

9. Seek Clarifications: if you have doubts or find certain topics challenging, don't hesitate to seek help from your teacher or classmates. Clearing doubts early on ensures a strong foundation.

10. Revision: Regularly revise the chapter to reinforce your understanding. Create a revision schedule and stick to it, focusing on both theoretical concepts and practical aspects.

Remember to stay organized, manage your time effectively, and approach the chapter with a combination of theoretical understanding and practical application. Practice regularly to build confidence in solving problems related to the Human Eye and Colourful World. 

Benefits of Solving Class 10 Science Chapter 10 Important Questions with Answers

Students must appreciate the significance of this topic and what it holds for sophisticated schoolchildren. You will be able to get the most on your examinations if you use the relevant questions and follow a strict practice regimen. These examinations might be challenging without good supervision, you will be prepared to study in a more organised manner.

The following are the advantages of Chapter 10 Science Class 10 Important Questions:

Students can use this platform to use their time wisely, it helps boost their confidence after consistent practice and students can plan their preparation accordingly.

This is a fundamental chapter for students and plays an important role in upcoming grades.

The concepts taught in this chapter will help you to set the basic knowledge on the human eye for students.

You don’t need to worry about the relevance of those questions as they're all cross-checked and updated consistently with the newest CBSE guidelines and rules. Therefore the information given in this article is genuine and reliable.


This chapter explains the numerous functions of the human eye. The most essential notion in this chapter is how light affects how we view different objects and how the human eye processes it. As we know the human eye is extremely complex, and this chapter has demonstrated how it interprets numerous objects. This chapter 10 Human eyes on the human eye has also provided us with insight into how the human eye perceives different things and how light plays an important role.

This chapter addresses various questions that students have about light, such as light dispersion, star twinkling, why planets don't sparkle, and many others. This chapter 10 also explains how concave and convex lenses function in the human eye. You may utilize this article to make better use of your time; it will enhance your confidence with constant practise, and you will be able to schedule your preparation properly.

Frequently Asked Question

Answer: Presbyopia: Presbyopia is an age-related vision condition that affects the ability to see clearly at a close distance. The term "presbyopia" comes from Greek words meaning "old eye."

Causes: Presbyopia occurs due to the natural aging process of the eye. The main contributing factor is the gradual loss of flexibility in the eye's crystalline lens. The lens becomes less elastic, making it harder for the eye to focus on close objects. This loss of flexibility is a normal part of aging and affects everyone to some degree.

Correction: Presbyopia is commonly corrected with the use of reading glasses or bifocals. These corrective lenses compensate for the reduced ability of the eye's lens to change shape for near vision. 

Presbyopia is a common and natural part of aging, and its correction methods depend on individual preferences, lifestyle, and the advice of an eye care professional. Regular eye examinations are crucial to monitor changes in vision and to determine the appropriate corrective measures as needed.

Answer: The twinkling of stars is caused by the atmospheric refraction of starlight. Stars being very far away behave almost as point sources of light. On account of atmospheric reaction, the path of the rays of light coming from the star goes on varying slightly, causing the apparent position of the star to fluctuate and the amount of light entering the eye flickers. So, at times the stars appear brighter while at other times they appear fainter. The stars thus, twinkle.


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