Get Dream IIT in Drop Year | Up to 70% OFF | Limited Seats

Important Questions for Class 11 Physics

JEE Mains & Advanced

Class 11 Physics is the first step to the level of advanced concepts that students look forward to. In this syllabus, you can see various chapters based on the fundamental topics and concepts of Physics. To make the preparation better, students can download and practise the Class 11 Physics Important Questions with Solutions framed by the subject experts of eSaral. These important questions help students to check their preparation level and focus on how to answer them by referring to the solutions.

Physics plays a very important role in the science stream. Students must have to clear all the concepts of Class 11th as it is the basis of class 12th and other competitive exams as well. It is important for you that all the concepts are extremely clear for better results in the future. If students are facing any problem in any of the chapters then don’t need to worry, our team provide Class 11 Physics important questions so that students can prepare for their exams easily. 

It will not only help you to know the important questions but will also help them during the revisions. During the revision time, you can just go through Class 11 Physics important questions chapter wise and get the overview of what you have studied. Before exams candidates can download important questions for Class 11 Physics and solve them chapter wise in the limited time to know how well they are prepared.

Class 11 Physics has an important and fundamental syllabus to follow. The chapters related to fundamental topics like units,measurements, motion, work, energy, power, mechanical properties of matter, gravitation, thermodynamics, etc hold importance in the development of a conceptual foundation among all of the students.

So, all these chapters mentioned in textbooks need the same attention from the students during preparation. To make preparation better, students will need the Important Questions for Class 11 Physics Board Exam for all the chapters. 

Apart from solving the exercise questions, students will broaden their knowledge about different questions for this subject by studying these important questions which are prepared by our expert teachers.

The solutions are structured in simpler version and stepwise method so that students can easily comprehend the concepts of the chapters and the context of the questions.

Overview of CBSE Class 11 Physics Chapter Details

Chapter 1: Units and Measurement

Chapter 1 "Units and Measurement" in physics serves as a foundational chapter that helps students understand the principles of measurement, units, and the importance of accurate and precise measurements in scientific research. It's an essential stepping stone for mastering physics concepts in later chapters.

In this chapter there are many key topics like Measurement and Units, The International System of Units, Accuracy, Precision, and Errors in Measurement, Significant Figures, Dimensional Formula and Dimensional Equations.

Measurement and Units: This section explains the importance of measurement in science and introduces the concept of physical quantities. It discusses why standardized units are necessary for making meaningful measurements.

The chapter provides an overview of the SI system, which is the globally accepted standard for measuring physical quantities. It details the seven base SI units (meter, kilogram, second, ampere, kelvin, mole, candela) and their definitions.

Chapter 2: Motion in a Straight Line

Chapter 2, "Motion in a Straight Line, " is crucial in building a foundation for understanding the principles of kinematics and motion in physics. It lays the groundwork for more complex concepts in later chapters, such as projectile motion and circular motion.

In this chapter we will learn about Introduction to Motion, Position and Displacement, Distance and Displacement, Speed and Velocity, acceleration, Equations of Motion, Relative Velocity, Graphical Representation of Motion, Uniform and Non-Uniform Motion and Scalars and Vectors.

This chapter starts by introducing the concept of motion and discusses the various types of motion, such as rectilinear motion, circular motion, and periodic motion. 

The chapter distinguishes between distance and displacement, emphasizing that displacement is a vector quantity. The concepts of speed and velocity, along with the distinction between scalar and vector quantities. Formulas for calculating average speed and velocity are provided. The chapter presents the three equations of motion that describe the kinematics of uniformly accelerated motion in a straight line. These equations relate initial velocity, final velocity, acceleration, displacement, and time.

Chapter 3: Motion in a Plane

Chapter 3 extends the study of motion from one dimension to two dimensions, which is essential for understanding a wide range of real-world scenarios, including projectile motion, circular motion, and relative motion. This chapter is foundational for further topics in mechanics and dynamics in physics.

In chapter 3 we will study about Scalars and Vectors, Position and Displacement in Two Dimensions, Vector Addition and Subtraction, Scalar Product of Vectors, Vector Product of Vectors, Motion in a Plane with Constant Acceleration, Relative Velocity in Two Dimensions, Uniform Circular Motion.

The chapter revisits the concept of scalars and vectors, emphasizing the importance of vector quantities in two-dimensional motion. It explains how to calculate position and displacement vectors in a two-dimensional, adding and subtracting vectors, considering both magnitude and direction, Introduction to the dot product of vectors and its properties.

Detailed exploration of projectile motion, including concepts like range, time of flight, and maximum height.Explanation of uniform circular motion, including centripetal acceleration and centripetal force.

Chapter 4:Laws of Motion

This chapter is fundamental to understanding how and why objects move, and it sets the stage for more advanced topics in mechanics and classical physics. Newton's laws of motion are a cornerstone of physics and have applications in various fields, including engineering and astronomy.

Chapter 4 laws of motion includes Introduction to Newton's Laws, Newton's First Law of Motion, Newton's Second Law of Motion, Newton's Third Law of Motion, Applications of Newton's Laws, Inertia, Types of Forces, Free Body Diagrams, Tension.

An introduction to Sir Isaac Newton's three laws of motion, which are the foundation for understanding the dynamics of objects. Practical examples and applications of Newton's laws, such as calculating forces, motion on inclined planes, and understanding contact forces, exploration of the concept of inertia, which is an object's resistance to a change in its state of motion. Discussion of different types of forces, including gravitational, frictional, normal, tension, and applied forces. The use of free body diagrams to represent forces acting on an object and analyze its motion.

Chapter 5: Work, Energy and Power

This chapter is crucial for understanding the fundamental concepts of energy and its relationship with work and power. It provides a foundation for analyzing various physical systems and their energy transformations.

In this chapter we will get to know about Introduction to Work, Work Done by a Constant Force, Scalar Product of Vectors, Work Done by a Variable Force, Kinetic Energy, The Work-Energy Theorem, Potential Energy, Conservation of Mechanical Energy, Power, 

Understanding the concept of work in the context of physics. Work is done when a force acts on an object and causes it to move through a distance in the direction of the force. The chapter explains how to calculate work done by a constant force and introduces the formula W = Fd, where W is work, F is force, and d is displacement. Understanding how to calculate work when the force acting on an object varies with distance. Introduction to kinetic energy, which is the energy of an object in motion. The chapter provides the formula KE = 0.5 * mv^2, where KE is kinetic energy, m is mass, and v is velocity. Discussion of the work-energy theorem, which states that the work done on an object is equal to the change in its kinetic energy. This theorem is a powerful tool for analyzing motion.

Chapter 6:System of Particles and Rotational Motion

This chapter is essential for understanding how objects move and interact in both linear and rotational dimensions. It provides the groundwork for the study of mechanics and helps in comprehending complex physical systems and their behavior.

This chapter has very interesting topics like Center of Mass, Motion of Center of Mass, Linear Momentum, Force and Acceleration of a System of Particles, Impulse and Collision, System of Particles, Rotational Motion, Rotational Kinematics, Torque and Angular Momentum, Conservation of Angular Momentum.

Chapter 6 "System of Particles and Rotational Motion" is an important chapter in physics that delves into the dynamics of systems of particles and rotational motion. Introduction to the concept of the center of mass, which is the point where the entire mass of a system can be considered to be concentrated for the purpose of analyzing its motion. Discussion of how the center of mass of a system of particles moves and how it can be used to analyze the overall motion of the system. The chapter explains how to calculate the net external force acting on a system of particles and how it relates to the acceleration of the system.

Chapter 7:Gravitation

Chapter 7 of a typical physics textbook often covers the topic of gravitation. This chapter usually delves into the fundamental principles of gravity and its effects. 

This chapter has many important and interesting topics Introduction to Gravitation, Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation, Gravitational Field, Gravitational Potential Energy, Escape Velocity, Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion, Weight and Weightlessness, Gravitational Potential and Equipotential Surfaces.

The chapter usually starts with an introduction to the concept of gravitation, explaining that it is the force of attraction between objects with mass. The concept of a gravitational field is introduced, explaining how it affects objects in its vicinity. This chapter often leads to discussions about how to calculate the gravitational field strength. The chapter usually discusses gravitational potential energy, which is associated with an object's position in a gravitational field. The formula for gravitational potential energy is presented and its applications are explored.

Chapter 8: Mechanical Properties

This chapter 8 provides a comprehensive understanding of how materials behave under various mechanical forces and stresses, which is essential in fields like material science, engineering, and construction. It's important for analyzing the strength, deformation, and mechanical properties of different materials.

Chapter 8: "Mechanical Properties of Solids" in physics focuses on the mechanical behavior of solid materials, including how they respond to external forces and stresses.

This chapter 8 has Introduction to Mechanical Properties, Elastic Behavior, Hooke's Law, Stress-Strain Curve, Modulus of Elasticity, Poisson's Ratio, Applications of Elastic Behavior, Bulk Stress and Strain, Factors Affecting Elastic Moduli.

This chapter explains elastic deformation, where materials return to their original shape and size after the applied stress is removed. This includes concepts like stress and strain.

Introduces Hooke's law, which relates stress and strain in elastic materials. It's expressed as stress = Young's modulus x strain.

Discusses various modulus of elasticity, including Young's modulus, Shear modulus, and Bulk modulus, and their applications in different materials. It explains the factors that affect the elastic moduli and mechanical properties of materials, such as temperature and crystal structure.

Chapter 9: Mechanical Properties of Fluids 

This chapter is crucial for understanding the fundamental principles of fluid mechanics. It provides the knowledge needed to analyze the behavior of fluids under various conditions and has applications in fields.

Chapter 9 "Mechanical Properties of Fluids" in physics focuses on understanding the behavior of fluids (both liquids and gases) under the influence of mechanical forces.

Chapter 9 has Introduction to Fluids, Pressure, Pascal's Law, Hydrostatic Pressure, Buoyancy, Viscosity, Stokes' Law, Bernoulli's Theorem, Applications of Bernoulli's Theorem, Reynolds Number, Surface Tension, Effect of Temperature on Viscosity.

Chapter 9 explains the concept of pressure and how it's defined as force per unit area. Discusses the various units of pressure. It introduces Pascal's law, which states that a change in pressure applied to an enclosed fluid is transmitted undiminished to all portions of the fluid, explains Archimedes' principle, which relates buoyant force to the weight of the displaced fluid. Discusses buoyancy in various scenarios. 

This chapter discusses Stokes' law, which describes the drag force acting on a small sphere moving through a viscous fluid, surface tension, which is the property that causes the surface of a liquid to behave like a stretched elastic membrane. Covers concepts like capillarity.

Chapter 10: Thermal Properties of Matter

This chapter is fundamental for understanding how materials respond to changes in temperature and how heat energy is transferred. It provides the foundation for various applications, including thermodynamics, heat engines, and material science. Chapter 10 "Thermal Properties of Matter" in physics explores the behavior of materials with respect to temperature and heat.

In this chapter we will learn so many topics like Temperature and Heat, Expansion of Solids, Expansion of Liquids, Calorimetry, Change of State, Change of State, Kinetic Theory of Gases, Thermal Properties of Matter, Heat Transfer, Newton's Law of Cooling.

We will learn introduction to temperature as a measure of the degree of hotness and heat as the energy associated with the motion of atoms and molecules. Discussion of the expansion of solids with increasing temperature, including linear and volume expansion, and the coefficient of linear and volume expansion. Introduction of calorimetry, which is the science of measuring heat and discusses the calorimetry of various materials.

Introduction to the kinetic theory of gases, which explains the behavior of gases in terms of the motion of particles and their collisions.

Introduction to Newton's law of cooling, which describes the rate at which an object changes temperature when exposed to a different temperature environment.

Chapter 11:Thermodynamics

This chapter is crucial for understanding the fundamental principles of energy transfer, heat, work, and the laws governing thermodynamics. It has wide applications in various fields, including engineering, chemistry, and environmental science.

Chapter 11 "Thermodynamics" in physics is a fundamental chapter that deals with the principles and laws governing the behavior of heat and energy transfer. 

In this chapter we will learn Introduction to Thermodynamics, Thermal Equilibrium, Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics, Temperature Scales, Concept of Internal Energy, First Law of Thermodynamics, Work Done in Different Processes, Specific Heat and Calorimetry, Enthapy, Heat Engines and Refrigerators, Second Law of Thermodynamics, Reversible and Irreversible Processes.

An introduction to the concepts of thermodynamics, emphasizing its importance in understanding energy and heat transfer. Introduction to the Zeroth Law, which states that if two systems are each in thermal equilibrium with a third system, they are in thermal equilibrium with each other. This chapter explains internal energy, which is the energy associated with the random motion of particles within a substance. Introduction to the second law, which defines the direction of heat transfer and the concept of entropy, a measure of energy dispersal.

Chapter 12: Kinetic Theory

This chapter provides a microscopic perspective on the behavior of gases and helps explain gas laws, temperature, and pressure from the standpoint of the motion and interactions of gas molecules. It lays the groundwork for understanding the behavior of matter at the molecular level and has applications in fields like thermodynamics and statistical mechanics.

Chapter 12 "Kinetic Theory" in physics explores the behavior of gases at the molecular level and provides a theoretical foundation for understanding the macroscopic properties of gases.

This chapter includes Introduction to Kinetic Theory, Molecular Nature of Matter, Assumptions of Kinetic Theory, Derivation of Pressure, Mean Free Path, Derivation of Gas Laws, Kinetic Interpretation of Temperature, Specific Heat of Gases, Mean Free Path and Collision Frequency.

An introduction to the kinetic theory of gases, which posits that gases consist of a large number of small particles in constant random motion. This chapter explains of the assumptions underlying the kinetic theory, including the concept of ideal gases and the negligible volume of gas particles. Deriving the relationship between pressure and kinetic energy of gas molecules, known as the ideal gas law. 

Chapter 13: Oscillations

This chapter provides a fundamental understanding of oscillatory motion, which is prevalent in various natural phenomena and mechanical systems. It serves as a foundation for understanding more complex wave phenomena and has applications in fields like mechanics, acoustics, and electronics.

Chapter 13 "Oscillations" in physics focuses on the study of periodic motion, which is common in various natural and mechanical systems.

This chapter has Introduction to Oscillations,Periodic and Simple Harmonic Motion, Equations of Motion, Angular Simple Harmonic Motion, Energy in Simple Harmonic Motion, Superposition of Waves, Waveforms and Their Properties.

An introduction to the concept of oscillations, which involve repetitive back-and-forth or to-and-fro motion. Discussion of periodic motion and the definition of simple harmonic motion (SHM). SHM is characterized by a restoring force that is directly proportional to the displacement from equilibrium and acts opposite to the direction of displacement. Derivation of the equations of motion for simple harmonic oscillations, including the displacement, velocity, and acceleration as functions of time.

Chapter 14: Waves 

This chapter 14 provides a comprehensive understanding of wave behavior, which is fundamental in various scientific and engineering disciplines, including optics, acoustics, and electromagnetics. Waves play a crucial role in understanding and explaining numerous natural phenomena and technological applications. 

Chapter 14 "Waves" in physics is dedicated to the study of wave phenomena, which are common in various natural and physical systems.

Chapter 14 waves consists interesting topics like Introduction to Waves, Types of Waves, Characteristics of Waves, Transverse and Longitudinal Waves, Speed of Waves, Displacement-Position-Time Graphs, Reflection and Refraction of Waves, Interference of Waves, Superposition Principle, Doppler Effect.

An introduction to the concept of waves, which are disturbances that propagate through a medium or space, transferring energy and information. Discussion of the two main types of waves: mechanical waves, which require a medium to travel through, and electromagnetic waves, which can propagate through a vacuum and explains the two main types of waves: mechanical waves, which require a medium to travel through, and electromagnetic waves, which can propagate through a vacuum.  Discussion of wave interference, where waves combine to form new wave patterns, including constructive and destructive interference.

Benefits of Solving CBSE Class 11 Physics Important Questions

  • The questions have been framed chapter-wise so that you can find them individually. Students can download and practise them according to their study sessions. The questions also come with their solutions to make your practice sessions more productive and easy.

  • You can resolve doubts related to these questions by using the solutions. The solutions will help you focus on the sections of a chapter in Class 11 Physics that you need to pay more attention to in your weaker section.

  • You will get to know how easily the experts have compiled the simplest answers and learn to do the same. Follow the answering formats and score more in the Class 11 exams.

  • The stepwise methods of answering fundamental questions will help you recall the concepts studied in a chapter and use them efficiently during an exam to get the right answers.

How to Solve Class 11th Physics Numerical Questions to score more marks?

Solving numerical questions in Class 11 physics effectively is crucial for scoring well. Here's a step-by-step approach to tackle numerical problems:

Understand the Problem: Carefully read the question to understand what is being asked.

Identify the known quantities and what needs to be calculated. Pay attention to the units in which values are given and ensure consistency.

Draw a Diagram (if applicable):  For problems involving motion or geometry, a diagram can help visualize the situation.

Choose the Right Formula: Identify the relevant formula or equations related to the topic. Make sure you know the units of all quantities involved in the formula.

Substitute Values: Substitute the known values into the formula. Double-check your calculations to avoid errors in arithmetic.

Calculate the Result: Perform the necessary mathematical operations (e.g., addition, subtraction, multiplication, division) to find the answer.

Check Units: Ensure that the units of your answer match the units expected for the result.

Pay Attention to Significant Figures: Round your answer to the appropriate number of significant figures based on the given data.

Verify the Answer: Ask yourself if the answer makes sense. Is it reasonable given the problem's context?

Compare your result with your initial understanding of what the answer should be.

Practice Regularly: Practice a wide range of numerical problems to become comfortable with different types of questions.

Seek Help When Needed: If you get stuck on a problem, don't hesitate to ask your teacher, peers, or use additional study resources.

Time Management: Allocate a specific amount of time for each problem, and if you're stuck, move on and come back to it later.

Review Mistakes: After solving a problem, review your solution to identify any mistakes and understand where you went wrong.

Work on Your Speed: Practice can help improve your problem-solving speed. Timed practice tests can be helpful.

Conceptual Understanding: Ensure you have a solid understanding of the underlying physics concepts. This will help you choose the right formula and approach.

Practice Previous Year's Papers: Solving previous years' question papers can provide insight into the types of numerical questions that are often asked in exams.

Remember, consistent practice and a strong understanding of the underlying physics principles are key to excelling in numerical problem-solving in Class 11 physics.

Why is eSaral the best platform for Class 11 Physics online classes?

eSaral is the best platform for Class 11 Physics online classes can depend on various factors and individual preferences. Here are some factors to consider when evaluating the suitability of an online education platform:

Quality of Content: eSaral offers comprehensive, well-structured, and high-quality course content for Class 11 Physics that aligns with the curriculum and exam patterns.

Experienced Educators: we ensure that the platform has experienced and knowledgeable educators who can effectively teach and explain complex physics concepts.

Interactivity: Students can look for features that promote engagement, such as live classes, interactive quizzes, and doubt-clearing sessions.

Practice Materials: You can assess whether eSaral provides a variety of practice questions, assignments, and mock tests to help students master the subject.

Feedback and Progress Tracking: eSaral provides regular feedback on students' performance and tools for tracking their progress.

Flexibility: eSaral offers flexible learning options, allowing students to learn at their own pace and convenience.

Affordability: Evaluate the cost of eSaral's classes and whether they provide value for the investment.

User Reviews and Testimonials: You can look for reviews and testimonials from students who have used the platform to gauge their satisfaction and results.

Additional Resources: eSaral offers supplementary resources like study materials, videos, and study plans to support students' learning.

Technical Support: eSaral provides technical support and assistance in case students encounter any issues while accessing their classes or content.

Frequently Asked Questions

Question 1: How can I know the important questions of class 11 physics?

Answer: Physics 11th important questions can be downloaded from this web site. You can download important questions chapter wise and start preparing for the exams. By solving these question papers, you can get to know which chapters are your strongest point and which chapter needs more attention. Students would want to know the important questions of Physics so that they can know which chapter has the most weightage and prepare chapters accordingly. Students can also revise each and every chapter on the go by going through all the important questions of each chapter.

Question 2: Which chapter can be considered the toughest chapter in Class 11 Physics?

Answer: It is very difficult to say which is the toughest chapter and which chapter would be the easier one. Physics is a subject to be understood with the proper concepts among chemistry and biology. The numerals given in textbooks involved in the chapters can be solved only if you have understood and conceptually clarified. If there is no understanding, even the easier chapters seem to be very tough. All the chapters in NCERT book are interconnected with each other and have to be properly read and understood. 



Click here to get exam-ready with eSaral

For making your preparation journey smoother of JEE, NEET and Class 8 to 10, grab our app now.

Download Now