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Important Questions for Class 12 Physics Chapter 5 Magnetism and Matter - PDF Download

JEE Mains & Advanced

Chapter 5 of class 12 physics deals with the concepts related to Magnetism and Matter. The magnetism and matter class 12 important questions in PDF form will help the board candidates to boost their exam preparation.This Chapter 5 of class 12 physics  comes in unit 3 as per CBSE will cover good marks in the CBSE board exams. Students are advised to cover all the topics and subtopics given in this chapter with best study materials like important questions for class 12 physics chapter 5 PDF available on the eSaral website. All the study materials are available in Pdf format for easy access and students can download and use them any time.

The magnetism and matter class 12 important questions PDF has all the questions from the NCERT textbook along with very well explained solutions. Magnetism and matter are one of the most important topics of class 12 from an exam point of view. To start with class 12 physics chapter 5 extra questions you should have a strong foundation of chapter 5 of class 12 physics. Chapter 5 physics class 12 important questions will help you to securing well in the board exams and any other competitive examinations.

Students before starting with the magnetism and matter class 12 important questions PDF are advised to study chapter 5 of class 12 physics with clear understanding. Students can do their revision with the revision notes available on the eSaral website. Following are the brief revision of chapter 5 of class 12 physics.

Important Topics & Sub-topics of Magnetism and Matter Class 12 Physics

Introduction to Magnetism

  • Magnetic field and magnetic field lines

  • Magnetic poles (North and South poles)

  • Magnetic dipole moment

Magnetic Properties of Materials

  • Classification of materials as diamagnetic, paramagnetic, and ferromagnetic

  • Magnetic susceptibility and permeability

  • Magnetic intensity (H) and magnetization (M)

Magnetic Field Due to a Current

  • Ampere's Circuital Law

  • Magnetic field inside and outside a long straight current-carrying conductor

  • Magnetic field due to a circular loop

Magnetic Field on the Axis of a Circular Current Loop

  • Calculation of magnetic field at a point on the axial line of a circular loop

Torque on a Current Loop in a Uniform Magnetic Field

  • Magnetic dipole moment and torque on a current loop

  • Potential energy of a magnetic dipole in a magnetic field

Permanent Magnets

  • Origin of magnetism in materials

  • Hysteresis curve and magnetic properties of permanent magnets

Earth's Magnetism

  • Earth as a magnet

  • Magnetic declination and inclination

  • Magnetic equator and poles

  • The Earth's magnetic field and its variation with location and time

Magnetic Properties and Uses of Magnetic Materials

  • Application of magnetic materials in devices like transformers, electric generators, and magnetic recording

Para-, Dia-, and Ferro-Magnetic Materials

  • Behavior of materials in external magnetic fields

Magnetic Susceptibility and Curie Law

  • Magnetic susceptibility of materials and Curie's law


  • Construction and applications of electromagnets

These are the main topics and subtopics you'll typically encounter in the "Magnetism and Matter" chapter of Class 12 Physics. It's important to study and understand the principles and equations associated with each of these topics to grasp the fundamentals of magnetism.

Class 12 Physics Chapter 5 Magnetism and Matter Weightage

In 2023 class 12 physics question papers, this chapter contains 2 object questions and 1 numerical question came from this chapter. This unit consists of 14 marks. This chapter has 4-6 marks so you should focus on derivation and some numerical questions too. You should easily score 5to 6 marks from this chp . 

Tips to Solve Class 12 Physics Chapter 5 Magnetism and Matter

Here are some tips to help you solve Class 12 Physics Chapter 5, "Magnetism and Matter":

Understand the Concepts:

Start by thoroughly understanding the fundamental concepts of magnetism, such as magnetic fields, magnetic materials, and magnetic properties. Make sure you have a strong grasp of the theory before attempting problems.

Read the Textbook:

Carefully read the relevant sections of your textbook. Pay close attention to definitions, formulas, and examples provided by the author.

Make Notes:

Create concise and organized notes summarizing key points, formulas, and important concepts. These notes can be a valuable resource for quick revision.

Understand Units and Dimensions:

Ensure you understand the units and dimensions of various physical quantities related to magnetism. Knowing the correct units is essential when solving numerical problems.


Understand the derivations in the chapter, as these often form the basis for conceptual questions. Try to derive them on your own to reinforce your understanding.

Solve Previous Year Papers:

Review previous year's question papers to get an idea of the types of questions asked in board exams. This will help you get familiarize yourself with the board exam pattern.

Diagrams and Illustrations:

Use diagrams and illustrations when solving problems involving magnetic fields, lines of force, and other visual concepts. This can help you visualize the problem better.

Time Management:

Practice time management when attempting questions during your preparation. Allocate a specific amount of time to each question to ensure you complete the paper within the allotted time during exams.

Stay Calm During the Exam:

During the exam, stay calm and focused. Read each question carefully, and if you encounter a difficult one, move on to the next and come back to it later if needed.

Remember that consistent effort and a systematic approach to problem-solving are key to success in physics. 

Benefits of Solving Class 12 Physics Chapter 5 Important Questions with Answers

Solving Class 12 Physics Chapter 5 important questions with answers can offer several benefits:

Comprehensive Understanding: Important questions often cover the core concepts of the chapter. Solving them helps you consolidate your understanding of key topics in magnetism and matter.

Exam Preparation: These questions are typically aligned with the board exam pattern. Practicing them can help you become familiar with the types of questions that may appear in your exams, making you better prepared.

Time Management: Working through a set of important questions allows you to practice time management. You can gauge how long it takes to solve different types of questions and learn to allocate your time effectively during the actual exam.

Confidence Boost: Successfully solving important questions can boost your confidence in the subject. It's a positive reinforcement that you are well-prepared for your exams.

Problem-Solving Skills: Physics often requires problem-solving skills. Important questions challenge your ability to apply concepts and formulas to solve complex problems, honing your problem-solving skills.

Concept Application: Important questions are designed to test your ability to apply theoretical knowledge to practical situations. This is a crucial aspect of physics and science in general.

Better Performance: Regular practice of important questions can lead to better performance in your exams. It can help you achieve higher marks and a stronger grasp of the subject.

Remember that while solving important questions is beneficial, it should be complemented with a broader understanding of the chapter, including reading the textbook, practicing additional problems, and seeking help when needed. Balancing these study strategies will maximize your success in Class 12 Physics Chapter 5 and beyond

Frequently Asked Questions 

Question 1 : What is the concept of a magnetic field?

Answer : A magnetic field is the region around a magnet where its magnetic influence or force is felt. It is represented by magnetic field lines that indicate the direction and strength of the magnetic force.

Question 2 : What are the properties of diamagnetic materials?

Answer :Diamagnetic materials are repelled by a magnetic field. They have no unpaired electrons and no permanent magnetic moment. Examples include wood and plastic.



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