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Essay On Dussehra

JEE Mains & Advanced

Dussehra is a big festival for Hindus, lasting ten days and nine nights. It's all about celebrating the win of good over evil. People come together to remember stories like Rama defeating Ravana and Durga beating Mahishasura. This festival is a significant and joyous time for the Hindu community in India.

Dussehra falls on the tenth day of Ashvin in the Hindu calendar, ending the Navratri celebrations. It's a time when everyone is happy and excited. The main idea behind Dussehra is to honor the triumph of Lord Rama, who defeated the mighty Ravana. This victory symbolizes the ultimate win of good forces over evil ones.

During these ten days, people participate in various activities and events. They come together, share meals, and exchange greetings. The festival teaches us about the importance of goodness and the belief that good will always conquer evil. Dussehra is not just a festival; it's a reminder of the power of righteousness and the celebration of good values in our lives.

Why is the Essay on Dussehra Important for Your Exams? 

The essay on Dussehra is important for exams because it covers various aspects that showcase its cultural significance, historical roots, and the values it represents. First and foremost, Dussehra is a major Hindu festival celebrated over ten days, marking the triumph of good over evil. This victory is exemplified in stories like Lord Rama defeating the demon king Ravana and Goddess Durga overpowering Mahishasura.

Understanding the historical and cultural context of Dussehra is crucial for students as it reflects the rich heritage and traditions of India. It also highlights the unity and joy that this festival brings to the Hindu community. Mentioning the festival's occurrence on the tenth day of the Hindu calendar month of Ashvin and its connection to the culmination of Navratri adds depth to the essay, showcasing the festival's temporal significance.

The essay emphasizes the symbolic importance of Dussehra, portraying it as a representation of the eternal victory of good forces over evil ones. This theme not only resonates with religious beliefs but also serves as a moral lesson applicable to various aspects of life. In exams, demonstrating an understanding of these symbolic meanings and their broader applications can earn students valuable points for critical thinking.

Furthermore, the essay's simple and easy language ensures that students can grasp and convey the information effectively. This is essential for exam success, as clarity of expression is often a key criterion for grading. In summary, the essay on Dussehra is important for exams because it combines cultural, historical, and moral dimensions, providing a comprehensive overview that allows students to showcase their knowledge and analytical skills clearly and concisely.

Long and Short Essay on Dussehra

Essay on Dussehra 1 (100 words) 

Dussehra, also known as Vijayadashmi, is celebrated with immense joy by Hindus throughout India. It holds significant religious importance and is considered one of the most vital festivals in the country. According to the renowned Hindu scripture, the Ramayana, the festival traces back to Lord Rama performing a chandi-puja to seek the blessings of Goddess Durga Mata—this sacred prayer aimed at gaining strength to defeat the formidable demon king, Ravana.

Ravana, a ten-headed demon from Sri Lanka, had abducted Lord Rama's wife, Seeta, seeking revenge for his sister, Suparnakha. The day when Lord Rama successfully vanquished Ravana marks the inception of the Dussehra festival, symbolizing the victory of good over evil.

Essay on Dussehra 2 (150 words)

Dussehra, also known as Vijayadashmi, is an annual celebration cherished by Hindus across the country. It typically falls in September or October, approximately twenty days before Diwali. This festive occasion commemorates the triumph of Lord Rama over the demon king Ravana, symbolizing the victory of truth over evil forces. The tradition of celebrating Dussehra dates back to ancient times when Lord Rama, after enduring a 14-year exile in the forest, defeated Ravana.

The narrative unfolds during the final year of Rama's exile, where Ravana kidnaps his wife, Seeta, in retaliation for Lakshman cutting the nose of Ravana's sister. This historical event marks the initiation of the Dussehra festival. People observe this day with immense joy and unwavering faith, recognizing it as a powerful symbol of the eternal battle between good and evil. Dussehra's festivities echo the enduring belief in the ultimate triumph of righteousness and truth.

Essay on Dussehra 3 (200 words) 

Dussehra holds immense significance in Hindu culture, signifying more than just a festival. It is deeply valued by people following the Hindu religion, holding both religious and cultural importance. The celebration of Dussehra is marked by enthusiastic participation and strong beliefs, reflecting the victory of goodness over evil, and truth over falsehood. The festivities involve various rituals and elaborate pooja ceremonies.

Devotees and religious individuals observe day-long fasts, with some dedicating the entire nine days to this practice, seeking blessings and strength from Goddess Durga. The tenth day, Dussehra, is a day of jubilation, commemorating Lord Rama's triumph over the demon king Ravana.

Dussehra typically falls two weeks before Diwali, either in September or October. Different regions exhibit diverse customs and traditions in celebrating this festival. Some areas extend the celebration for the full ten days, with temple priests reciting mantras and narrating stories from the Ramayana. In other places, elaborate Ram Lila fairs unfold, staged over several days or even a month, attracting large crowds of devotees. These varied customs showcase the rich tapestry of Dussehra celebrations across the country, blending religious devotion with cultural diversity.

Essay on Dussehra 4 (250 words) 

Dussehra, a prominent Hindu festival, spans ten days and is celebrated nationwide enthusiastically. The initial nine days, known as Navratri, are dedicated to the worship of Goddess Durga. The festival culminates on the tenth day with the celebration of Vijay Dashmi, marked by the symbolic burning of the effigy of the demon king, Ravana.

Scheduled in September or October, a few weeks before Diwali, Dussehra involves the fervent worship of the Hindu Goddess Durga. Devotees, particularly those of Lord Rama and Durga, observe fasts on the first and last days or throughout the entire Navratri, venerating the goddess in her nine forms.

The tenth day, Vijay Dashmi, is commemorated with grand festivities, often featuring a large fair called Ram-Lila. Here, the dramatic life history of Lord Rama is portrayed, depicting the legendary events of the kidnapping of Seeta, the victory of Rama, and the defeat and demise of the demon king Ravana, along with his son Meghnath and brother Kumbhkaran.

In these enactments, real people take on the roles of Rama, Lakshman, Seeta, and Hanuman, while paper statues represent Ravana, Meghnath, and Kumbhkaran. The conclusion of the fair involves the symbolic burning of these three effigies, accompanied by the resounding cheers of victory and the crackling of firecrackers. This ritual signifies the triumph of Lord Rama and the defeat of Ravana, encapsulating the essence of good conquering evil.

Essay on Dussehra 5 (300 words)

Dussehra, the most revered festival in Hinduism, is celebrated with zeal and fervor throughout India. Occurring in September or October, twenty days before Diwali, Dussehra marks the victory of Lord Rama over the demon king Ravana. Lord Rama symbolizes truth, while Ravana embodies the forces of evil. This ceremonial and religious festival holds great significance, celebrated by Hindus through the worship of Goddess Durga. However, the traditions and customs associated with Dussehra can vary from region to region in the country.

The festival spans ten days, with the initial nine dedicated to the worship of Goddess Durga. The tenth day, known as Vijay Dashmi, commemorates the triumph of Lord Rama over Ravana. Preparations for this grand celebration begin days in advance, leading up to a bustling fair that lasts for the entire ten days or even a month. People from distant places converge to set up shops and stalls, offering various necessities.

Ram-Lila grounds in every community host elaborate fairs, featuring dramatic renditions of the legends of Dussehra. Paper models of Ravana, Kumbhkaran, and Meghnath adorn the Ram Lila grounds, with real individuals assuming the roles of Rama, Sita, and Lakshman. The entire environment is aglow with lights, and the resonant sounds of firecrackers fill the air. Families and children eagerly attend the fair, including the Ram-Lila performances that continue throughout the night.

The Ram Lila unfolds with real people enacting crucial events from the life of Lord Rama, captivating the audience. Thousands of men, women, and children from neighboring areas gather in the Ram Lila grounds to revel in the spectacle. Dussehra, with its vibrant celebrations, not only reinforces the victory of good over evil but also fosters a sense of communal joy and unity among people.

Essay on Dussehra 5 (400 words)

Dussehra, also known as Vijayadashmi, is not only one of India's most significant festivals but also one of the longest, stretching over ten days. Celebrated with unmatched enthusiasm, faith, love, and honor by Hindus across the nation, it brings a time of joy and festivity. The festival typically falls two or three weeks before Diwali, either September or October. Schools and colleges grant students holidays, allowing them to fully immerse themselves in the festivities, eagerly awaited with great patience.

India, renowned for its rich culture and traditions, takes pride in its myriad fairs and festivals. Dussehra holds such cultural importance that the government of India designates it as a gazetted holiday, underscoring the reverence given to this Hindu festival.

Origin of Dussehra

The essence of Dussehra lies in the victory of Lord Rama over the ten-headed demon king, Ravana. The term "Dussehra" itself signifies the defeat of the ten-headed demon on the festival's tenth day. Across the country, people celebrate this day by burning effigies of Ravana, a symbolic act representing the triumph of good over evil.

Various myths surround Dussehra, shaped by the customs and traditions prevalent in different regions of the country. The festival's roots trace back to the day when Lord Rama, aided by his younger brother Lakshman and the Vanar soldier Hanuman, defeated Ravana to rescue his kidnapped wife, Mata Seeta. According to the Hindu scripture Ramayana, Lord Rama performed a Chandi Hom to appease Goddess Durga and seek her blessings. The victory was sealed when Lord Rama uncovered the secret to Ravana's demise on the tenth day of the war.

Different Names of Dussehra

Dussehra is also referred to as Durgotsav, commemorating the day when Mata Durga triumphed over another demon named Mahishasura. Festivities include the grand Ramlila fair, attracting people from neighboring regions. The dramatic representation of Ramlila captivates audiences, portraying the epic tale of Lord Rama.


In essence, Dussehra is a celebration of righteousness prevailing over evil, a lesson imparted through the ages. It unites people in the spirit of triumph and splendor, emphasizing the enduring belief that goodness and virtue will always overcome malevolence.

Essay on Dussehra 6 (500 words)

Dussehra, also known as Vijayadashami or Dasara, is a prominent Hindu festival that holds immense cultural and religious significance in India. It symbolizes the victory of Lord Rama over the demon king Ravana and is celebrated with enthusiasm and devotion throughout the country. The name "Dussehra" is derived from the Sanskrit words 'Dasha' meaning ten and 'hara' meaning defeat, signifying the defeat of the ten-headed king Ravana. This festival typically occurs in September or October, concluding the nine-day Navratri festival and marking the beginning of preparations for Diwali.

Origin of Dussehra

The origin of Dussehra is deeply rooted in the ancient epic, Ramayana, narrating the story of Lord Rama, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, who defeated the demon king Ravana to rescue his abducted wife, Sita. However, Dussehra encompasses more than just the triumph of Lord Rama; it also commemorates the victory of Goddess Durga over the demon Mahishasur. Additionally, in South India, the festival acknowledges the victory of Goddess Chamundeshwari over a demon.

Another tale from the Mahabharata connects Dussehra with the Pandavas, who spent twelve years in exile. They hid their weapons under a Shami tree during their last year in disguise. Upon their return, finding their weapons intact, they waged war against the Kauravas, emerging victorious on Dashmi. This event led to the celebration being named Vijayadashami.

Dussehra is a festival of profound significance, symbolizing the victory of virtue over sin. It is celebrated in various ways across the country, unifying people in joy and festivity. The theatrical enactment of Ramayana, known as Ram Lila, takes center stage in North India during the ten-day celebrations. Effigies of Ravana are burnt with crackers on Vijayadashami, attended by cheering spectators.

Diverse Celebrations of Dussehra

In West Bengal, Assam, and Orissa, Durga Puja is a prominent celebration, with the immersion of Goddess Durga's images in rivers after nine days of festivities. In Punjab, Navaratri involves fasting, with strict adherence to a vegetarian diet. In Gujarat, women engage in the traditional Garba dance, celebrating with rhythmic movements and songs. Tamil Nadu observes the first three days of Navaratri for Lakshmi, the next three for Durga, and the last three for Saraswati, celebrating with a doll festival.

The diverse celebrations of Dussehra contribute to its allure, reflecting the unique cultural practices and traditions across regions. This festival not only fosters respect for India's rich cultural heritage but also provides an opportunity for families to come together and revel in the festivities. Furthermore, Dussehra plays a significant role in the country's economy, offering employment opportunities to individuals involved in the creation of pandals, statues, idols, and decorations.

In the spirit of celebration, it is essential to extend generosity to those less fortunate. The government ensures site cleanliness and tight security during the festivities. Donations, new clothing, gifts, or distributing chocolates to the less privileged can bring joy to their lives and include them in the celebrations.


Dussehra, with its diverse celebrations and underlying theme of triumphing over evil, stands as a testament to the cultural unity and diversity that defines India. It is not just a festival for Hindus but holds meaning for people of all religions, emphasizing the victory of goodness and virtue in our lives. The vibrant celebrations of Dussehra create a sense of unity, joy, and respect for India's cultural mosaic, making it one of the most important and auspicious festivals in the country.


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