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Essay on Gandhi Jayanti in English (150, 200, 300, 400 Words)

JEE Mains & Advanced

Gandhi Jayanti, celebrated annually on October 2nd, holds profound significance in India as a day to honor the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi. This day marks the birth anniversary of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, a visionary leader who played a pivotal role in India's struggle for independence through his philosophy of non-violence and civil disobedience. Gandhi's teachings resonate globally, transcending boundaries and inspiring movements for social justice and equality. The observance of Gandhi Jayanti goes beyond mere commemoration; it serves as a poignant reminder of the enduring values and principles that Gandhi espoused throughout his life. As we reflect upon the legacy of this iconic figure, it becomes imperative to delve into the timeless wisdom encapsulated in his words and actions. This essay will explore the multifaceted aspects of Gandhi Jayanti, examining its historical context, the principles advocated by Mahatma Gandhi, and the contemporary relevance of his teachings in fostering a more just and compassionate world. As we navigate the complexities of the modern era, Gandhi's philosophy remains a guiding light, urging us to strive for a society built on the pillars of truth, non-violence, and universal harmony. Gandhi Jayanti thus emerges not merely as a day of remembrance but as a call to action, inviting individuals and communities to embody the spirit of Gandhian principles to pursue a better and more equitable world.

Why is the Essay on Gandhi Jayanti Important for Your Exams? 

The Essay on Gandhi Jayanti is important for exams because it helps us learn about a very important person in our history, Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhi was a leader who played a big role in helping India become independent. His birthday, which is on October 2nd, is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti. When we write an essay on this topic for exams, it's not just about remembering facts, but it's a chance to understand why Gandhi is considered the Father of the Nation.

In the essay, we can talk about Gandhi's teachings like non-violence and civil disobedience. These ideas were powerful and helped in India's fight for freedom. Learning about these principles not only helps in exams but also in understanding how to solve problems peacefully in our own lives.

The essay is not just a history lesson; it's a way to see the connection between the past and our present. Gandhi's ideas are still relevant today. Writing about Gandhi Jayanti in exams allows us to think about how we can apply his principles in our society, promoting values like truth and harmony.

Moreover, exams often test our ability to express ideas clearly. Writing an essay on Gandhi Jayanti helps us practice organizing our thoughts and logically presenting them. This skill is useful not only for exams but also in our future careers where effective communication is essential.

In conclusion, the Essay on Gandhi Jayanti is important for exams because it helps us learn about our history, understand important principles, and develop skills that will be useful in our studies and beyond. It's not just about getting good grades; it's about gaining knowledge that can shape us into responsible and thoughtful individuals.

Long and Short Essay on Gandhi Jayanti

Essay on Gandhi Jayanti 1 (100 words) 

Mahatma Gandhi, affectionately known as "Bapu" or "Rastrapita" in India, was a renowned freedom fighter with the full name Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat, he led India in the fight against British rule. His impactful leadership and philosophy of non-violence left a lasting impact on the nation's struggle for independence. Tragically, he was assassinated on January 30, 1948, by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu activist. This event marked him as the "Martyr of the Nation," a title bestowed by Rabindranath Tagore. Gandhi's legacy continues to inspire generations, promoting peace, justice, and national pride.

Essay on Gandhi Jayanti 2 (150 words)

Mahatma Gandhi earned the title "Mahatma" due to his extraordinary deeds and greatness throughout his life. As a prominent freedom fighter and a dedicated advocate of non-violence, he played a crucial role in leading India to independence from British rule. Born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat, India, Gandhi's commitment to non-violence began during his studies in England at the young age of 18. Subsequently, he ventured to the British colony of South Africa to practice law, where he experienced discrimination based on his dark skin.

Faced with injustice, Gandhi transformed into a political activist, striving to bring positive changes to unfair laws. Upon returning to India, he initiated a powerful and non-violent movement, aiming to make the country independent. One of his iconic acts was leading the Salt March (Namak Satyagrah or Salt Satyagrah or Dandi March) in 1930, inspiring countless Indians to unite against British rule in their quest for independence. Gandhi's life story serves as an enduring source of inspiration, emphasizing the transformative power of non-violence and determination.

Essay on Gandhi Jayanti 3 (200 words) 

Mahatma Gandhi, an exceptional figure in India, continues to be an enduring source of inspiration both in the country and beyond, leaving behind a legacy of greatness, ideals, and a dignified way of life. Born in Porbandar, Gujarat, India, on October 2, 1869, Gandhi, fondly known as Bapu, played an unforgettable role in India's independence from British rule. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.

Bapu embarked on his journey to England for law studies after passing his matriculation examination and later returned to India as a lawyer in 1890. Upon his return, he dedicated himself to assisting Indians facing various challenges under British rule. Gandhi initiated the Satyagraha movement, a powerful non-violent resistance against the British government, to champion the cause of Indians.

Several significant movements followed, each leaving an indelible mark on India's quest for independence. These include the Non-cooperation movement in 1920, the Civil Disobedience movement in 1930, and the Quit India movement in 1942. Each movement stirred the foundations of British rule in India, galvanizing ordinary citizens to join the fight for freedom. Mahatma Gandhi's life and the movements he led serve as a guiding light, encouraging people to stand up for justice, truth, and the pursuit of a dignified existence.

Essay on Gandhi Jayanti 4 (250 words) 

Born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat, India, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, fondly known as Bapu, played a pivotal role in India's independence movement against British rule. After completing his schooling in India, he pursued further studies in law in England, returning as a lawyer dedicated to helping the people of India who suffered under the humiliation of British rule.

Gandhi initiated the non-violent independence movement, a powerful response to the injustices inflicted by the British. Despite facing insults, he persisted in his non-violent struggle for India's independence. Upon joining the Indian National Congress, Gandhi emerged as a prominent leader, spearheading movements like Non-Cooperation, Civil Disobedience, and the successful Quit India Movement.

As a fearless freedom fighter, Gandhi faced numerous arrests and imprisonments, unwavering in his fight for justice for the Indian people. His commitment to non-violence and unity among people of all religions remained steadfast throughout his struggle for independence. After numerous battles, India finally achieved independence on August 15, 1947.

Tragically, Gandhi's life was cut short when he was assassinated on January 30, 1948, by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu activist. Despite his untimely demise, Mahatma Gandhi's legacy endures as a symbol of courage, non-violence, and the triumphant spirit of a nation that sought and achieved freedom.

Essay on Gandhi Jayanti 5 (300 words)

Early Life and Leadership:

Born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat, Mahatma Gandhi grew up in an Indian Hindu family. His life story, marked by dedication and leadership, serves as a profound inspiration for all. Known as Bapu or Rashtrapita, he dedicated his entire existence to fighting against British rule for the freedom of the Indian people.

Strategies for Independence:

In his relentless struggle against the British, Gandhi employed powerful weapons like non-violence and the Satyagraha movement. Despite facing numerous arrests and imprisonments, he remained undeterred, embodying the spirit of perseverance in the pursuit of national freedom.

The Birth Father of the Nation:

Gandhi is rightfully acknowledged as the birth father of the Indian nation. Recognizing the potency of unity among people of diverse backgrounds, he orchestrated mass movements that ultimately compelled the British to leave India permanently. On August 15, 1947, India celebrated its hard-earned Independence Day.

Post-Independence Era and Assassination:

While the nation rejoiced in newfound freedom, Gandhi's life took a tragic turn. Unable to witness the post-independence era, he was assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu activist, on January 30, 1948. His sacrifice further solidified his status as a venerable figure who served his motherland until his last breath.

Legacy of Non-Violence and Unity:

Mahatma Gandhi illuminated the path to freedom with the true light of non-violence and unity. His legacy endures, proving that these principles can overcome seemingly insurmountable challenges. Even though he left this world many years ago, he lives on in the hearts of every Indian as the "Father of the Nation and Bapu," a symbol of enduring inspiration and national pride.

Essay on Gandhi Jayanti 6 (500 words) 

Non-violence, also known as 'ahimsa,' is the practice of abstaining from intentionally or unintentionally causing harm. Mahatma Gandhi, a pioneer of this principle, utilized non-violence as a powerful tool in the Indian independence movement against the British Empire, ultimately achieving freedom without resorting to armed conflict.

Role of Non-violence in Indian Freedom Struggle:

The prominence of non-violence in the Indian freedom struggle became significant through the involvement of Mahatma Gandhi. While violent freedom struggles were ongoing, non-violence emerged as a peaceful yet potent means to demand complete independence. Gandhi's strategic implementation of non-violence in various movements played a pivotal role in challenging British rule.

Champaran and Kheda Agitations:

In 1917, Gandhi led a non-violent protest in Champaran against the forced cultivation of indigo, compelling the British to meet the farmers' demands. The Kheda village faced floods in 1918, causing a famine. Gandhi's non-cooperation movement and peaceful protests compelled the British administration to provide tax relief, suspending revenue collection temporarily.

Non-cooperation Movement:

The Jallianwala Bagh massacre and oppressive British policies triggered the Non-cooperation movement in 1920. Gandhi advocated boycotting British products and promoting 'Swadeshi' items. Indians resigned from British posts, affecting the administration significantly. The movement shook the foundations of British rule without resorting to violence.

Salt Satyagraha or Salt March:

The Salt March, or 'Namak Satyagrah,' in 1930 protested the British salt monopoly. Gandhi's 26-day non-violent march to Dandi broke salt laws, drawing international attention and strengthening the foundation of Independent India.

Quit India Movement:

After the successful Salt March, the Quit India Movement was launched in 1942, demanding the British to leave India. This mass non-violent civil disobedience intensified during World War II. The movement compelled the British government to consider complete independence for India after the war.

The Impact of Non-violence:

Gandhi's movements were entirely non-violent, relying on the power of truth and non-violence to challenge British rule. The international community took notice of India's struggle, exposing the harsh British policies to a global audience.


Mahatma Gandhi emphasized that weapons aren't the sole solution and often create more problems. Non-violence, he believed, could effectively combat powerful enemies without resorting to weapons. Beyond the independence struggle, numerous modern incidents highlight the efficacy of non-violence in bringing about societal change without bloodshed. As we strive towards a world without violence, peaceful dialogues become the means to resolve conflicts, paying the greatest tribute to Mahatma Gandhi's enduring legacy.



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