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JEE Main Physics Syllabus 2024

JEE Mains & Advanced

The JEE Main (Joint Entrance Examination Main) physics syllabus covers a wide range of topics from the physics curriculum of class 11th and 12th. Here is a general outline of the syllabus of physics for jee mains. Students will be able to check the JEE Main 2024 Physics syllabus online. The National Testing Agency(NTA) will release the whole jee main syllabus of physics on the website, jeemain.nta. As soon as the official site publishes the syllabus, you can also view it on this page in PDF form.Students can check the JEE Main Physics syllabus with weightage pdf to know which topics have higher weightage of questions.

Overview Of Physics Syllabus

1. Physics and Measurement

  • Units and dimensions

  • Errors in measurement

  • Vectors and scalars

2. Kinematics

  • Kinematics of a Particle

  • Motion in one dimension

  • Motion in two and three dimensions

  • Relative velocity

  • Projectile motion

3. Laws of Motion

  • Newton's laws of motion

  • Friction

  • Circular motion

  • Work, power, and energy

  • Conservation laws (linear momentum, angular momentum, and energy)

4. Work, Energy, and Power

  • Work done by a constant and variable forces

  • Potential energy and conservation of mechanical energy

  • Power

5. Rotational Motion

  • Rigid body rotation

  • Moment of inertia and its physical significance

  • Torque and angular momentum

  • Conservation of angular momentum

6. Gravitation

  • Universal law of gravitation

  • Acceleration due to gravity and its variation

  • Kepler's laws of planetary motion

  • Gravitational potential energy and escape velocity

7. Properties of Solids and Liquids

  • Elastic behavior of solids

  • Pressure and its variation

  • Surface tension

  • Viscosity

  • Bernoulli's theorem and its applications

8. Thermodynamics

  • Thermal equilibrium

  • Laws of thermodynamics

  • Heat engines

  • Entropy and the second law of thermodynamics

9. Kinetic Theory of Gases

  • Ideal gas equation

  • Kinetic theory assumptions

  • Behavior of gases

  • Mean free path and Avogadro's number

10. Oscillations and Waves

  • Simple harmonic motion

  • Damped and forced oscillations

  • Wave motion and wave equation

  • Sound waves and Doppler effect

11. Electrostatics

  • Electric charges and fields

  • Electric potential and capacitance

  • Gauss's law and its applications

  • Electric current and Ohm's law

12. Current Electricity

  • Electric current and resistance

  • Kirchhoff's laws and their applications

  • Electrical power and energy

  • Heating effects of current

13. Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

  • Magnetic fields and forces

  • Biot-Savart law and Ampere's law

  • Magnetic properties of materials

  • Electromagnetic induction

14. Electromagnetic Waves

  • Electromagnetic spectrum

  • Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics

15. Optics

  • Reflection and refraction of light

  • Lenses and mirrors

  • Interference and diffraction of light

  • Polarization of light

16. Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

  • Photoelectric effect

  • Dual nature of matter

  • De Broglie wavelength

17. Atoms and Nucle

  • Atomic models

  • Radioactivity

  • Nuclear reactions

  • Nuclear energy

18. Electronic Devices

  • Semiconductors

  • Diodes and transistors

  • Logic gates

JEE Mains Physics Syllabus: Section A

The Physics syllabus for JEE mains consists of two Sections:

Section A: Consisting of theory part (80% weightage)

Section B: Consisting of Practical part (20% weightage)

Here are the chapter-wise details of Section A for Physics for JEE Main Exam

Unit 1: Physics and Measurement

  • Physics, technology and society

  • S I Units 

  • Errors in measurement  

  • Fundamental and derived units

  • Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments

  • Dimensional analysis, Dimensions of Physics quantities and its applications.

Unit 2: Kinematics

  • The frame of reference

  • Motion in a straight line, Position- time graph, speed and velocity

  • Uniform and non-uniform motion average speed and instantaneous velocity, position-time graph, uniformly accelerated motion, position-time graph,relations for uniformly accelerated motion and  position-time graph,

  •  Scalars and Vectors. Addition and subtraction, zero vector, Resolution of a Vector scalar and vector products, Unit Vector, Relative Velocity

  • Projectile Motion

  • Motion in a plane

  •  Uniform Circular Motion.

Unit 3: Laws of Motion

  • Concept of Force and inertia

  • Newton’s First law of motion-Momentum, Newton’s Second Law of motion, Impulses; Newton’s Third Law of motion,Equilibrium of concurrent forces and  Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications. . 

  • Kinetic, Static and friction, rolling friction,  laws of friction, .

  •  Centripetal force and its applications.

Unit 4: Work, Energy and Power

  • Work done by a constant force and a variable force; potential energy and kinetic energy

  •  Work ,  power and energy theorem,

  •  conservative and neoconservative forces , the potential energy of spring conservation of mechanical energy, Elastic collision and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

Unit 5: Rotational Motion

  • Centre of the mass of a two-particle 

  • Centre of the mass of a rigid body; Basic concepts of rotational motion, a moment of a force;  angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications  torque.

  • The moment of inertia, the radius of gyration.

  • Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects,  perpendicular axes and parallel  theorems and applications. Rigid body rotation equations of rotational motion.

Unit 6: Gravitation

  • The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth.

  • Gravitational potential energy

  • Kepler’s law of planetary motion.

  • Orbital velocity of a satellite.

  • Escape velocity

  • Geostationary satellites.

Unit 7: Properties of Solids and Liquids

  • Stress-strain relationship

  • Elastic behavior

  •  Young’s modulus

  • Hooke’s Law

  • Bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity.Pressure due to a fluid column

  • Pascal’s law and its applications.

  • Stokes’ law. 

  • Terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow. 

  • Bernoulli’s principle and its applications.

  • Reynolds number

  • Surface energy and surface tension

  • angle of contact, application of surface tension – drops, bubbles and capillary rise.

  •  Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry, change of state, latent heat. Heat transfer-radiation, convection and conduction. 

  • Newton’s law of cooling.

Unit 8: Thermodynamics

  • Thermal equilibrium, the concept of temperature,zeroth law of thermodynamics.

  • Heat, work and internal energy. Law of thermodynamics:The first law of thermodynamics, The second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes

  • Carnot engine and its efficiency.

Unit 9: Kinetic Theory of Gases

  • Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas, Kinetic theory of gas– assumptions, the concept of pressure. 

  • Kinetic energy and temperature: RMS(Root mean square) speed of gas molecules: Degrees of freedom.

  •  Law of equipartition of energy and applications to specific heat capacities of gases

  • Avogadro’s number.

Unit 10: Oscillations and Waves

  • Periodic motion – period, displacement as a function of time, frequency,.

  • Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation;

  •  Phase oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant

  •  Energy in S.H.M(Simple Harmonic Motion). – Kinetic and potential energies

  •  Simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period: Free, forced and damped oscillations and  resonance.

  • Wave motion:Transverse and  Longitudinal and waves, speed of a wave. Displacement relation for a progressive wave.

  •  Principle of superposition of waves,and  reflection of waves. Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics. 

  • Doppler Effects in sound.

Unit 11: Atoms and Nuclei

  • Alpha-particle scattering experiment

  • Bohr model

  • Rutherford’s model of atom

  •  Energy levels hydrogen spectrum.

  • Size and Composition of nucleus, atomic masses, isobars, isotopes and  isotones.

  • Radioactivity- alpha. beta and gamma particles or rays and their properties.

  • Radioactive decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy/ nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fusion and  fission .

Unit 12: Electronic Devices

  • Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: 1- V characteristics in forward and reverse bias

  • Diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED(Light emitting diode)

  • The photodiode, Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator, solar cell . 

  • Junction transistor, characteristics of a transistor,  transistor action,  transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. 

  • Logic gates (OR. AND. NOT. NAND and NOR). 

  • Transistor as a switch.

Unit 13: Communication Systems

  • Propagation of electromagnetic waves in  atmosphere

  • Sky and space wave propagation.

  • Amplitude and Frequency Modulation, Bandwidth of signals

  • The bandwidth of Transmission medium and Basic Elements of a Communication System (Block Diagram only).

Unit 14: Electrostatics

  • Electric charges: Conservation of charge. Coulomb’s law-forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges

  • superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.

  • Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines. Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole. 

  • Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field, Electric flux. 

  • Gauss’s law and its applications to find fields due to infinitely long uniformly charged  in straight wire, uniformly charged infinite on  plane sheet and uniformly charged thin in spherical shell.

  • Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge.

  • Electric dipole and their system of charges

  • Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field.

  • Conductors and insulators.

  • Electrics and Dielectric polarization, capacitor and  the combination of capacitors in  parallel and series, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates. Energy stored in a capacitor.

Unit 15: Current Electricity

  • Electric current. 

  • Drift velocity. 

  • Ohm’s law.

  • Electrical resistance: Resistances of different materials. V-l characteristics of Ohmic and non-ohmic conductors.

  •  Electrical energy and power. 

  • Electrical resistivity. 

  • Colour code for resistors; Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance.

  • Electric Cell and its Internal resistance, potential difference and emf of a cell, a combination of cells in series and parallel. 

  • Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications. 

  • Wheatstone bridge. 

  • Metre Bridge. 

  • Potentiometer – principle and its applications.

Unit 16: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

  • Biot – Savart law and its application to the current carrying circular loop.

  • Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid. 

  • Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields.

  • Cyclotron.

  • Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. The force between two parallel current carrying conductors.

  • Torque experienced by a current loop in a uniform magnetic field: Moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.

  • Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment.

  • Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid

  • Magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements. Para-, dia- and ferromagnetic substances. Magnetic susceptibility and permeability. Hysteresis. Electromagnets and permanent magnets.

Unit 17: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

  • Electromagnetic induction: Faraday’s law. Induced emf and current: Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. 

  • Self and mutual inductance.

  •  Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/ voltage: reactance and impedance: LCR series circuit, resonance: Quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattless current.

  •  AC generator and transformer.

Unit 18: Electromagnetic Waves

  • Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics, Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves, Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet. X-rays. Gamma rays), Applications of e.m. waves.

Unit 19: Optics

  • Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula. 

  • Total internal reflection and its applications. 

  • Deviation and Dispersion of light by a  prism

  • Lens Formula: Magnification, Power of a Lens,  Combination of thin lenses in contact.

  • Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting ) and their magnifying powers.

  • Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens’ principle. Laws of refraction and  reflection using Huygens principle.

  • Interference: Young’s double-slit experiment and expression for fringe width, sustained interference of light and coherent sources.

  • Diffraction due to a single slit and width of central maximum. 

  • Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes.

  • Polarization and plane-polarized light: Brewster’s law, uses of plane- Polaroid and polarized light and.

Unit 20: Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

  • Dual nature of radiation. 

  • Hertz and Lenard’s observations

  • Photoelectric effect.

  • Einstein’s photoelectric equation: particle nature of light. Matter waves-wave nature of particles.

  • De Broglie relation and Davisson- Germer experiment.

Here are the chapter-wise details of Section B for Physics for JEE Main Exam

Experimental Skills

Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities:

  • Vernier callipers-its use to measure internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel.

  • Simple Pendulum-dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between square of amplitude and time.

  • Screw gauge-its use to determine thickness/ diameter of thin sheet/wire.

  • Young's modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire.

  • Metre Scale-mass of a given object by principle of moments.

  • measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body.

  • Coefficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by Metre Scale-mass of a given object by principle of moments

  • Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents.

  • measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body.

  • Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube.

  • Plotting a cooling curve for the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time.

  • Specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of mixtures

  • Resistance of a given wire using Ohm's law.

  • Resistivity of the material of a given wire using metre bridge

  • Potentiometer-

a) Comparison of emf of two primary cells.

b) Determination of internal resistance of a cell.

  • Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method,

  • Focal length of the following using parallax method: 

a) Convex mirror

b) Concave mirror, and

c) Convex lens

  • Plot of angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism.

  • Characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias.

  • Refractive index of a glass slab using a traveling microscope.

  • Characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding reverse breakdown voltage.

  • Characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias.

  • Characteristic curves of a transistor and finding current gain and voltage gain.

  • Characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding reverse breakdown voltage.

  • Characteristic curves of a transistor and finding current gain and voltage gain.         

  • Identification of Diode, LED, Transistor, IC, Resistor, and Capacitor from a mixed collection of such items.

  • Using a multimeter to: 

a) Identify base of a transistor

b) Distinguish between npn and pnp type transistor

c) See the unidirectional flow of current in the case of a diode and an LED.

d) Check the correctness or otherwise of a given electronic component (diode, transistor or IC).


JEE Mains Physics Chapter Wise Weightage

JEE Mains physics chapter wise weightage has given below down:

JEE Main Physics – Weightage of Chapters

Topic/ Chapter

Number of Questions

Total Marks

Modern Physics



Heat and Thermodynamics






Current Electricity









Unit, Dimension and Vector






Laws of motion



Work, Power and Energy



Centre Of Mass, Impulse and Momentum









Simple Harmonic Motion



Solids and Fluids






      Electromagnetics Induction



Why covering complete JEE Main physics syllabus is beneficial

The JEE mains exams require the candidate to have the utmost concentration and focus towards it. Millions of students appear for the exam every year and finally very few get a chance to study in some of the best engineering colleges in the country. While preparing for the exam, knowing  or completing the JEE syllabus whether it is for JEE Main or JEE Advanced plays a crucial role.

Here we shall discuss why it is important to cover the JEE exam syllabus.

  • To Plan Efficiently

The Physics  will have marks allotted to each and every chapter. By knowing the syllabus and the marks allocation which is released by the NTA team every year, students can plan expertly. Some chapters will contain more weightage of marks and some will barely contain 1-2 marks. By learning the syllabus, candidates will know how to allocate the time amongst important chapters and less important chapters.

  • Syllabus Acts As The Blueprint For The Examination

The syllabus released by the National Testing Agency (NTA) contains all the topics and subtopics covered under every chapter. Knowing the syllabus will keep aways from confusion regarding what to study and what not to. 

  • Helps You to Score Good In Exam

The syllabus gives you a clear idea of the JEE exam and what to expect from it. By learning the Physics syllabus, students can plan and prepare themselves accordingly to score good marks in the exam.

  • Saves Time

By following the syllabus, there will be very less possibility of wasting time trying to guess the topics that may or may not appear in the examination. The examination syllabus should be followed rigorously to save more time and score good marks in the exam.

  • Gain Control Over Learning

Knowing  the syllabus should be your first and foremost step before starting your JEE exam preparation. Spend more time on the topics covered under each subject and learn everything that is mentioned in the syllabus to achieve control over learning.

  • Gets You Familiar With The Exam Paper

Knowing the syllabus and exam pattern released by the NTA will give you an exact idea of how the question paper will be designed. It will help you to get familiar with the question paper where you keep yourself away from confusion and exam fear during the mains exam. This will also help you to somewhat forecast the pattern of questions that might occur in the exam.

Best Books For JEE Main Physics

Concepts of Physics Vol I and II by H.C. Verma

Best book for physics, cover almost all topics from JEE Advanced Syllabus

Fundamentals of Physics by Halliday, Resnick & Walker

Best for understanding concepts 

Problems in General Physics by I.E. Irodov

Good for practicing problems

IIT JEE Physics by D. C. Pandey

Best book for conceptual clarity, most considered book by topper and well explained too 

Fundamentals of Physics by Halliday, Resnick  and Walker

Concept Of all the topics

Problems and solution of physics by Shashi bhushan tiwari

For practicing problems and studying detailed solutions.

Understanding Physics by D C Pandey (Arihant Publications): Set of books for

  • Electricity & Magnetism

  • Mechanics (Vol. 1 & 2)

  • Waves & Thermodynamics

  • Optics & Modern Physics


Derivation, Explanation and question set of quality solved and unsolved problems



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