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JEE Main Preparation Tips 2024

JEE Mains & Advanced

What is JEE Main?

The Joint Entrance Examination Main (JEE Main) is a highly esteemed and competitive entrance examination for undergraduate engineering and architecture programs in India. It is the primary entry exam for admission to top engineering institutions in the country, such as NITs, IIITs, and other renowned engineering colleges.

Understanding the JEE Main Exam

The JEE Main examination is one of the most important examinations for engineering and architecture aspirants in India. The exam is highly competitive and serves as a stepping stone to prestigious institutes such as IITs and NITs. The exam evaluates a student’s knowledge of Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics with a particular emphasis on problem solving and conceptual application.

JEE Main is composed of two papers. Paper 1 is for B. E./B. Tech courses while Paper 2 is for B. Arch/B. Plan programs. The exam is conducted online and offline and follows a strict pattern with multiple choice questions and negative marks. Adept preparation, good time management and a clear comprehension of the examination pattern are the keys to success in the exam.

Understanding the JEE Main Exam Pattern

It is essential to know the exam pattern in order to prepare well. The exam pattern has changed over the years. Therefore, it is necessary to keep up with the new format. Here is a summary of the current exam pattern in JEE Main.

JEE Main Exam Pattern:

  1. Mode of Examination:

  • There are two types of JEE Main exams: CBT (Computer Based Test) and PPT (Pen and Paper Test).

  • Paper 1 (B.Tech/B.E. Admission) is only conducted under CBT mode.

  • Paper 2 (B.Arch Admission) is conducted under PPT mode.

  1. Papers: 

  • JEE Main has two papers: 

             Paper 1: For courses

             Paper 2: For B.Arch. courses

  1. Paper 1 (B.Tech./B.E.) Exam Pattern:

  • Duration: 3 hours.

  • Subjects: Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics.

  • Question Type: Multiple-Choice Questions (MCQs) with four options each.

  • Marking Scheme: +4 marks for each correct answer, -1 mark for each incorrect answer, and 0 marks for unanswered questions.

  • Total Questions: Varies from year to year but typically around 90 questions (30 in each subject).

  1. Paper 2 (B.Arch.) Exam Pattern:

  • Duration: 3 hours.

  • Sections:

           Mathematics (Part I): MCQs.

                Aptitude Test (Part II): MCQs.

                Drawing Test (Part III): Drawing-based questions.

  • Marking Scheme: Part I and Part II follow the same marking scheme as Paper 1. Part III is evaluated separately.

  • Total Questions: Varies from year to year, but typically Part I and Part II have around 50 MCQs in total.

  1. Language options: 

  • The Joint Eligibility-cum-Entrance Examination (JEE Main) is conducted in a variety of languages, including the English, Hindi, Gujarati, Marathi, Bengali l, Telugu, Tamil, Urdu, Kannada, Odia, Punjabi, Assamese and Malayalam language. Candidates may choose to take part in the examination in English regardless of the language in which their question papers are written.

  1. Difficulty Levels: 

  • The difficulty levels of questions may vary from easy to moderate to difficult.

  1. Normalization Process:

  • JEE Main scores are calculated by the National Testing Agency (NTA) using a normalization process, which takes into account the differences in difficulty levels between different exam sessions.

  1. Rank Calculation: 

  • All India Rank (AIR) is calculated on the basis of the candidate's results in the Joint Entrance Examination Main (JEE Main).

  1. Admission to NITs, IIITs, and Other Institutions:

  • The JEE Main scores are the criteria for admission to the NITs, IIITs, and other engineering colleges, as well as the qualifying criteria for JEE Advanced for admission to IITs.

Please note that the pattern of JEE Main exam may vary from one year to the next. Therefore, it is recommended to regularly visit the official website of JEE Main or the notification for the latest information about the exam pattern and the syllabus.

Understanding the JEE Main Syllabus

The syllabus of the Joint Entrance Examination Main (JEE Main) is one of the most important components for candidates who want to get admission to the top engineering colleges in the country. The syllabus includes topics related to Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics, which are designed to evaluate a candidate’s aptitude and problem solving skills. Physics topics include Mechanics, Electromagnetism, Optics, and Modern Physics. Chemistry topics include Organic, Inorganic, and Physical Chemistry concepts. Mathematics topics include Algebra, Calculus, and Coordinate Geometry.

The syllabus of JEE Main is aligned with the NCERT textbooks, which ensures a good grounding in basic concepts. It also includes important topics from upper secondary education. Having a good understanding and mastering of these subjects is crucial for JEE Main candidates, as the exam is a stepping stone to getting admission to prestigious institutes like IITs and NITs. It takes dedication, practice and a thorough understanding of the syllabus.

Planning Your JEE Main Preparation

It is important to have a well-thought-out plan for studying for JEE Main in order to succeed in this very competitive exam. Having a well-planned plan will help in covering the syllabus, managing your time effectively, and building your confidence. This guide will provide you with the following steps to help you prepare for JEE Main:

Understanding the syllabus and examination pattern: Make sure you are familiar with the syllabus and the exam pattern. You can find this information on the official website of JEE Main and in the official brochure.

Setting clear goals: Define your objective score and rank in the exam so that you will have a sense of direction and motivation throughout the preparation.

Creating a study schedule: Establish a realistic and comprehensive study schedule that includes all the subjects and topics of the syllabus, set specific time limits for each subject, and include breaks so that you do not burn out.

Gathering study materials: Collect all the required study materials, such as textbooks, references, notes, question banks, and previous year papers.

Setting Your Goals

JEE Main is one of India’s most competitive entrance exams for admission to top engineering colleges. To prepare for the exam, it’s important to set clear, achievable goals. Here’s a step by step guide to help you set your goal for jee main preparation.

1. Understand the Exam: Before setting your goals, it is important to understand how the exam works, what the syllabus is, and what the eligibility criteria are. Do some research on the exam to get a better idea of what you’re facing.

2. Break Your Goals Into Long-Term And Short-Term: Once you have a clear idea of your long-term goals, divide them into short-term and long-term goals. The long-term goal is to achieve the target Jee Main score and get into the college you want. The short-term goal should be something more immediate, such as a weekly or monthly target score.

3. Set a Target Score: Based on your goals and the previous year’s cutoff scores of your preferred colleges, set your target score for your JEE Main exam.

4. Create a Study Schedule: Create a comprehensive study schedule that outlines what you will study daily, weekly, and monthly in the run-up to the exam. Set aside more time for subjects or topics you need to improve on.

5. Practice regularly: Regular practice is essential for success. Make it a habit to solve JEE Main Practice Papers, JEE Sample Papers, and previous years’ question papers on a daily or weekly basis. Set a goal for how many practice questions you would like to complete each day.

6. Track your progress: Regularly take mock tests and track your progress. Analyze your performance and adjust your study plan according to your strengths and weaknesses.

Creating a Study Schedule

Developing a well-structured study plan for the JEE Main Exam is essential for managing one's time effectively and covering the comprehensive syllabus in a comprehensive manner. This article provides an overview of the steps necessary to establish a study plan and ensure successful study.

Time Management Techniques

Time management is one of the most important aspects of JEE Main prep, as it helps you cover the large syllabus in an efficient manner. Here are a few time management tips to help you maximize your study time.

Create a study schedule: Create a daily study schedule, weekly study schedule, monthly study schedule, etc. Decide what subjects and topics you want to study.

Set specific goals: Set specific goals for every study session. These goals will help you stay focused on each subject or topic.

Measure progress: Measure your progress by setting goals for each subject or topic you want to study.

Avoid multitasking: Multitasking can lead to poor study quality and mental fatigue.

Study in a concentrated way: Study in a 25-minute concentrated work period followed by 5-minute breaks after 4 intervals. Take a longer break after 15-30 minutes. This technique can improve your productivity.

Get Best Study Materials and Resources

Study materials and resources play an important role in your preparation for JEE Main. They provide you guidance and practice you need to excel in this very competitive exam. 

Here are some of the ways the right study material and resources can help you prepare for JEE Main:

Complete coverage of syllabus: Good study material covers the entire syllabus in a well-structured manner so that you don’t miss any important topics. It often provides clear explanations of concepts to help you build a solid foundation in subjects such as Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics.

Concept clarity: High-quality study material breaks down complex concepts into easy-to-understand explanations. It includes illustrations, diagrams and examples to help you understand difficult topics better.

Practice questions and exercises: The best study material offers a wide range of questions and exercises to help you practice and apply your knowledge. It also provides solutions and explanations to the questions so that you can understand the thought behind each solution.

Regular JEE Main Mock Tests

JEE Main mock tests are an integral part of your overall JEE Main preparation plan.

Mock tests help you in the following ways:

1. Familiarize yourself with the exam pattern: Mock tests are very similar to the actual exam. This means that you will be familiar with the question format, the time limits, and the overall structure of the exam.

2. Improve your time management: Mock tests allow you to practice time management. This is important because JEE Main exam is a time-sensitive exam.

3. Analyze your performance: Mock tests are a great way to analyze your performance. This way, you can identify your weaknesses and areas of improvement.

4. Revise and apply: Mock tests are great for revision. They help you to remember and apply what you have learned, which is essential for retaining knowledge.

Subject-Wise Preparation Tips

JEE Main preparation needs to be strategic. You need to focus on Physics, Chemistry, and Maths separately while keeping a balanced study schedule. Here are some subject-specific preparation tips:


  1. Understand Concepts Thoroughly: Physics is based on concepts, so it is important to be familiar with the fundamental concepts. It is recommended to read textbooks and reference materials thoroughly.

  2. Practice Numerical Problems: Numerical problems are a common part of physics. Practice solving a variety of problems to build problem-solving abilities.

  3. Formula Memorization: Make a list of important formulas and ideas to revise quickly. These ideas will be useful while solving problems.

  4. Focus on Important Topics: Mechanics is an important part of the Physics curriculum. Pay particular attention to topics such as kinematics, newton's laws, rotational motion, etc. Modern physics often carries a lot of weightage in the jee main exam so study them in depth.


  1. Break down Chemistry into three parts: chemistry is divided into three parts which are physical chemistry, organic chemistry and inorganic chemistry. Schedule your time based on your strengths and your weaknesses. 

  2. Inorganic Chemistry: Reacts and concepts in Inorganic Chemistry are often memorized by rote. Use flashcards or a mind map to recall reactions and concepts in this subject. 

  3. Organetic Chemistry: Learn how reactions work and practice problem-solving based on common reactions. 

  4. Physical chemistry: Develop a good understanding of concepts such as thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. 

  5. Numerical Problems: Learn how to solve numerical problems in Physical Chemistry. 

  6. NCERT Books: Highly recommend NCERT textbooks for Chemistry as they cover the fundamentals very well.


  1. Building a strong foundation: Mathematics is a sequential discipline. Start with basics such as Algebra, Trigonometry, and Calculus, and work your way up to more complex topics.

  2. Practice regularly: Mathematics needs to be practiced on a regular basis. Challenge yourself to solve a wide range of problems to build problem-solving skills.

  3. Focus on key topics: Key topics such as Calculus, Algebra, and Coordinate Geometry are important topics to focus on. Invest more time in them.

  4. Time management: During the exam, use your time wisely. Try to solve mathematical problems in timed situations.

  5. Using Diagrams & Graphs: In topics such as Coordinate Geometry, using diagrams & Graphs can help you

Plan Your Revision Strategies

Revisions are the most important part of JEE Main preparation and are essential for success. Here is a step-by-step plan to plan your revision efficiently:

Set clear goals: Identify specific topics and subjects that need to be revised. Set realistic objectives for each revision session (e.g., completing a certain number of topics, solving a certain number of problems).

Prioritize topics: Prioritize high-weightage subjects and areas where you are relatively weak.

Give more time to subjects that have more questions than in previous years’ papers.

Develop a revision schedule: Set up a daily, weekly or monthly revision schedule. Set aside time slots per subject and topic. Include short breaks in between revision sessions to prevent burnout.

Solving Previous Year Papers

Solving JEE Main papers is one of the most effective strategies for preparing for the exam. It helps you to get acquainted with the exam format, understand the type of questions to be asked, evaluate your strengths & weaknesses, and train your time management skills.

Here are some tips to help you solve previous year papers.

  • Collect JEE Main question papers from official websites, Coaching Institutes, or Trusted Books.

  • Understand Exam Pattern: Take the time to study the exam pattern & syllabus thoroughly.

  • Create an Exam-like Environment: Simulate exam conditions as much as possible by sitting at a quiet spot, setting a timer and avoiding distractions.

  • Set Timing: Set the same time as for the actual exam by dividing your time equally across Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics sections.

  • Start by scanning the entire paper quickly to get a sense of the questions to be asked.

  • Determine which section to begin with based on your strength and comfort level.

How to Analyze and Learn from Past Papers

It's really important to analyze and learn from your past papers when it comes to JEE Main. It helps you get a better understanding of the exam, figure out what your strengths and weaknesses are, and how to solve problems better. Here's a guide on how to do it.

1. Collect Past Papers: You'll need to collect a certain number of past question papers from different sources, like official websites, guidebooks, or online resources

2. Set Up A Timetable: You'll want to set aside time in your study schedule to solve past papers regularly. It's important to stay consistent.

3. Solve Papers under Exam Conditions: Each past paper should be taken under simulated exam conditions, which means you'll need to set a timer, sit at a table, and stay away from distractions.

Staying Focused and Positive

It is important to stay focused and positive throughout your JEE Main preparation in order to maintain productivity and manage stress level. Here are some tips to help you stay focused:

Set clear goals: Define your long and short-term objectives for your JEE Main. This will help you feel motivated and have a sense of purpose.

Create a study schedule: Create a structured study schedule that outlines what you will study every day and how you will divide your time between subjects and topics. 

Break down tasks: Break down your study sessions into small, easy-to-follow tasks. This helps you stay focused and monitor your progress.

Prioritize self-care: Take care of your body and mind. Make sure you are getting enough sleep, eating a healthy diet, and engaging in regular exercise.

Avoid procrastination: Identify your procrastinating triggers and work on reducing them. Utilize techniques such as the 'Pomodoro Technique' (25 minutes of concentrated work followed by 5-minute breaks) to stay productive.

Exam-Day Strategies

Getting a good night’s sleep before the exam is essential to ensure you are more alert and able to solve problems effectively.

Wake up early: Set multiple alarms and get up early so that you don’t have to rush to the exam center. Give yourself plenty of time to get ready, eat a light breakfast. 

Check your documents: Check your documents before going to the exam center (Admit Card, Photo ID, and any other necessary documents).

Dress comfortably: Wear clothes that are comfortable and can be layered to adjust if it gets too hot or cold in the exam hall.

Eating a balanced breakfast: Eat a light breakfast and avoid heavy or unknown foods that can upset stomach.

Getting to the exam center: Try to get to the exam center at least 30 to 45 minutes before the time stated on the admit card.

Motivational Quotes to Keep You Going

It's important to stay motivated during the JEE Main preparation, so here are some inspiring quotes to help you stay motivated and keep pushing through the tough times.

  1. "Believe you can, and you're halfway there." – Theodore Roosevelt

  2. "Success is not final, failure is not fatal: it is the courage to continue that counts." – Winston Churchill

  3. "The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams." – Eleanor Roosevelt

  4. "Don't watch the clock; do what it does. Keep going." – Sam Levenson

  5. "The only limit to our realization of tomorrow will be our doubts of today." – Franklin D. Roosevelt

  6. "You are never too old to set another goal or to dream a new dream." – C.S. Lewis

  7. "Success is walking from failure to failure with no loss of enthusiasm." – Winston S. Churchill

  8. "The road to success and the road to failure are almost exactly the same." – Colin R. Davis

  9. "Believe in yourself and all that you are. Know that there is something inside you that is greater than any obstacle." – Christian D. Larson

  10. "Champions keep playing until they get it right." – Billie Jean King


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