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Method Of Differentiation - JEE Advanced Previous Year Questions with Solutions

JEE Advanced Previous Year Questions of Math with Solutions are available at eSaral. Practicing JEE Advanced Previous Year Papers Questions of mathematics will help the JEE aspirants in realizing the question pattern as well as help in analyzing weak & strong areas. eSaral helps the students in clearing and understanding each topic in a better way. eSaral also provides complete chapter-wise notes of Class 11th and 12th both for all subjects. Besides this, eSaral also offers NCERT Solutions, Previous year questions for JEE Main and Advance, Practice questions, Test Series for JEE Main, JEE Advanced and NEET, Important questions of Physics, Chemistry, Math, and Biology and many more. Download eSaral app for free study material and video tutorials.
Q. If the function $\mathrm{f}(\mathrm{x})=\mathrm{x}^{3}+\mathrm{e}^{\frac{\mathrm{x}}{2}}$ and $\mathrm{g}(\mathrm{x})=\mathrm{f}^{-1}(\mathrm{x}),$ then the value of $\mathrm{g}^{\prime}(1)$ is [JEE 2009, 4]
Ans. 2 $\mathrm{f}(\mathrm{x})=\mathrm{x}^{3}+\mathrm{e}^{\mathrm{x} / 2}, \mathrm{g}(\mathrm{x})=\mathrm{f}^{-1}(\mathrm{x})$ $\Rightarrow \mathrm{g}^{\prime}(\mathrm{f}(\mathrm{x})) \cdot \mathrm{f}(\mathrm{x})=1$ $\operatorname{Put} \mathrm{f}(\mathrm{x})=1$ $\Rightarrow \mathrm{x}^{3}+\mathrm{e}^{\mathrm{x} / 2}=1$ $\Rightarrow \mathrm{x}=0$ $\Rightarrow \mathrm{g}^{\prime}(1) \cdot \mathrm{f}^{\prime}(0)=1,\left\{\mathrm{f}^{\prime}(\mathrm{x})=3 \mathrm{x}^{2}+\mathrm{e}^{\mathrm{x} / 2} \cdot \frac{1}{2}, \mathrm{f}^{\prime}(0)=\frac{1}{2}\right\}$ $\Rightarrow \mathrm{g}^{\prime}(1)=2$b
Q. Let $f(\theta)=\sin \left(\tan ^{-1}\left(\frac{\sin \theta}{\sqrt{\cos 2 \theta}}\right)\right),$ where $-\frac{\pi}{4}<\theta<\frac{\pi}{4} .$ Then the value of $\frac{\mathrm{d}}{\mathrm{d}(\tan \theta)}(f(\theta))$ is [JEE 2011, 4]
Ans. 1 Let $f(\theta)=\sin \alpha$ where $\alpha=\tan ^{-1}\left(\frac{\sin \theta}{\sqrt{\cos 2 \theta}}\right)$ $\Rightarrow \quad \tan \alpha=\frac{\sin \theta}{\sqrt{\cos 2 \theta}}$ $\Rightarrow \quad \sin \alpha=\frac{\sin \theta}{\cos \theta}=\tan \theta \quad\left(\because \theta \in\left(-\frac{\pi}{4}, \frac{\pi}{4}\right)\right)$ $\Rightarrow \quad f(\theta)=\tan \theta$ $\Rightarrow \quad \frac{\mathrm{d}(f(\theta))}{\mathrm{d}(\tan \theta)}=1$
Q. The slope of the tangent to the curve $\left(y-x^{5}\right)^{2}=x\left(1+x^{2}\right)^{2}$ at the point $(1,3)$ is [JEE(Advanced)-2014, 3]
Ans. 8 $\left(\mathrm{y}-\mathrm{x}^{5}\right)^{2}=\mathrm{x}\left(1+\mathrm{x}^{2}\right)^{2}$ $\Rightarrow 2\left(\mathrm{y}-\mathrm{x}^{5}\right)\left(\frac{\mathrm{dy}}{\mathrm{dx}}-5 \mathrm{x}^{4}\right)=\left(1+\mathrm{x}^{2}\right)^{2}+2 \mathrm{x}\left(1+\mathrm{x}^{2}\right) \cdot 2 \mathrm{x}$ Put $\mathrm{x}=1, \mathrm{y}=3$ $\frac{\mathrm{dy}}{\mathrm{dx}}=8$
Q. Let $f: R \rightarrow R, g: R \rightarrow R$ and $h: R \rightarrow R$ be differentiable functions such that $f(x)=x^{3}+3 x+2, g(f(x))=x$ and $h(g(g(x)))=x$ for all $x \in R .$ Then- (A) $\mathrm{g}^{\prime}(2)=\frac{1}{15}$ (B) h'(1) = 666 (C) h(0) = 16 (D) h(g(3)) = 36 [JEE(Advanced)-2016, 4(-2)]
Ans. (B,C) (A) $f^{\prime}(x)=3 x^{2}+3$ so, $g^{\prime}(2)=\frac{1}{f^{\prime}(0)}$ (Given $\left.g(x)=f^{-1}(x)\right)$ $\Rightarrow g^{\prime}(2)=\frac{1}{3}$ (B) $\operatorname{h}(\mathrm{g}(\mathrm{g}(\mathrm{x}))=\mathrm{x}$ $\mathrm{h}^{\prime}\left(\mathrm{g}(\mathrm{g}(\mathrm{x}))=\frac{1}{\mathrm{g}^{\prime}(\mathrm{g}(\mathrm{x})) \cdot \mathrm{g}^{\prime}(\mathrm{x})}\right.$ Now, $\mathrm{g}(\mathrm{g}(\mathrm{x}))=1$ $\mathrm{g}(\mathrm{x})=f(1)=6$ $\therefore \mathrm{x}=f(6)=236$ so h'(1) $=\frac{1}{\mathrm{g}^{\prime}(6) \cdot \mathrm{g}^{\prime}(236)}=\frac{1}{\frac{1}{6} \cdot \frac{1}{111}}$ $\Rightarrow \mathrm{h}^{\prime}(1)=666$ (C) $\mathrm{g}(\mathrm{g}(\mathrm{x}))=0$ $\therefore \mathrm{g}(\mathrm{x})=\mathrm{g}^{-1}(0)$ $\Rightarrow \mathrm{g}(\mathrm{x})=f(0)$ $\Rightarrow \mathrm{g}(\mathrm{x})=2$ $\Rightarrow \mathrm{x}=\mathrm{g}^{-1}(2)$ $\Rightarrow \mathrm{x}=f(2)$ $\Rightarrow \mathrm{x}=16 \mathrm{so} \mathrm{h}(0)=16$ (D) $\mathrm{g}(\mathrm{x})=3$ $\Rightarrow \quad \mathrm{x}=\mathrm{g}^{-1}(3)$ $\Rightarrow \quad \mathrm{x}=f(3)$ $\Rightarrow \mathrm{x}=38$ so $\mathrm{h}(\mathrm{g}(3))=38$

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Oct. 23, 2021, 3:07 p.m.
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