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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Hindi - Kshitij

JEE Mains & Advanced

At eSaral, we've got the best teachers working hard to create Class 10 Hindi solutions for the book called Kshitij. This is to ensure that every student studying NCERT Class 10 Hindi Kshitij doesn't miss out on any chapter or important information. If you want, you can get these solutions on your phone or computer as a PDF. It's really easy. Just go to the eSaral platform, where a team of experts has carefully put everything together.

All you need to do is click on a link and the PDF will start downloading. This is not just for Hindi, but for other subjects like Science, Maths, and English too. Imagine, if you can easily access solutions for Class 10 Science, Maths, and other subjects, studying will become so much simpler.

Don't forget, you can also download Class 10 Maths solutions from NCERT. These solutions can be a great help when you're revising for your exams. They cover the entire syllabus and can help you score better marks. So, make the most of these resources and give yourself the best chance at success!

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Hindi - Kshitij

Here is the list of chapters included in the NCERT textbook for class 10 Hindi- Kshitij:

NCERT Chapter-wise Solutions Class 10 Hindi Kshitij 

Chapter 1 - Surdas

Chapter 2 - Tulsidas

Chapter 3 - Jayashankar Prasad

Chapter 4 - SuryaKant Tripathi - Nirala

Chapter 5 - Nagarjun

Chapter 6 - Manglesh Dabral

Chapter 7 - Swayam Prakash

Chapter 8 - Ram Vraksh Benapuri

Chapter 9 - Yashpal

Chapter 10 - Manu Bhandari

Chapter 11 - Yatindra Mishra

Chapter 12 - Bhadand Anand Koslyayan

Here is a brief introduction of the poet and an explanation of each chapter included in the NCERT textbook for Class 10 Hindi - Kshitij.

Chapter 1 - Surdas

Chapter 1, "Surdas Ke Pad," includes 4 short verses written by the famous poet Surdas. This poem talks about a conversation between Lord Krishna's brother and the Gopis. The verses show the sadness and confusion when a loved one leaves. In the poem, Lord Krishna goes away to fight evil Kans, leaving the Gopis in sorrow. The verses capture the talk between a Gopi and Krishna's friend who tries to comfort her. This poem beautifully expresses feelings of love and devotion. Surdas, a well-known poet, often wrote about love and devotion, making these verses important in Hindi literature.

Surdas, a blind Hindu devotee, lived in the 16th century and wrote heartfelt compositions devoted to Lord Krishna. He was highly respected in the Vaishnava tradition, and his writings were primarily in Braj Bhasha, a significant literary dialect of Hindi. Over time, around 400 of Surdas' poems were collected, and his fame grew.

One of his renowned works, the Sursagar, focuses on Krishna's endearing childhood and is often narrated from the perspective of the cow-herding women of Braj. It emphasizes the deep longing (viraha) of Radha and the gopis for Krishna during his absence. It also contains verses where the gopis express their discontent with Krishna's messenger, Uddhava, for his attempts to console them once Krishna has left.

Studying Surdas' works is crucial for Hindi literature students, as they impart both academic knowledge and lessons in love and devotion. His writings also offer insight into the ancient Braj dialect's rich heritage.

The first chapter of Class 10's Kshitij, titled "Kavya Khand," delves into Surdas' poetry from Bhramar Geet. It highlights a conversation between Uddhava and the gopis, striving to make it comprehensible for students. By studying this chapter, students can grasp the profound essence of love (prem raas) depicted by Surdas. Learning languages expands horizons and nurtures mental growth. Given that nearly 490 million people speak Hindi worldwide, understanding the language holds great importance.

Chapter 2 - Tulsidas

Chapter 2 of Class 10 Hindi Kshitij, titled "Ram Lakshman Parashuram Samvad," delves into a conversation from the famous epic Ramcharitamanas, written by the skilled poet Tulsidas. Initially composed in ancient Awadhi, it has been translated into Hindi for better understanding. Tulsidas, a literary marvel, has contributed greatly to Hindi literature through plays, poems, and short stories.

The dialogue takes place against the backdrop of Sita's Swayamvar from the Ramayana. The 'Samvad' revolves around an intense conversation between the saintly figure Parashuram and Lord Ram. Parashuram's anger is central to the discussion, triggered by Ram's breaking of Lord Shiva's invincible bow, a gift from Parashuram.

The entire chapter is dedicated to the interactions between Parashuram and Lakshman, set in a tense atmosphere of Parashuram's fury. Lakshman initially attempts to pacify him, but his words only escalate Parashuram's anger. Even the sage Vishwamitra intervenes, striving to calm Parashuram down. Despite efforts, Parashuram's anger intensifies, and he raises his axe threateningly. This prompts fear and anticipation of destruction among the onlookers. Sensing the dire situation, Ram, the embodiment of virtue, steps in with his wise and soothing words to console Parashuram.

This chapter offers a captivating portrayal of emotions, wisdom, and conflict resolution, showcasing Tulsidas' storytelling prowess and adding depth to Hindi literature studies.

Chapter 3 - Jayashankar Prasad

Let's delve into Chapter 3 of Class 10 Hindi Kshitij, titled "Aathmakatha," penned by Jayashankar Prasad. This chapter sheds light on the poem "Aathmakatha," where the poet opens up about his own life experiences. The author, Jayashankar Prasad, was approached by Munshi Premchand to collaborate on an autobiography for Premchand's magazine, "Hans." However, Prasad declined the offer. Instead, he crafted the poem "Aathmakatha," which was eventually published in "Hans" in 1932.

In this heartfelt poem, Prasad bravely addresses the various realities and hardships he faced throughout his life. The poem is a candid reflection of his personal journey, revealing the challenges, trials, and truths he encountered. Through his words, Prasad shares his own story in a way that connects with readers on a deep and emotional level, offering insights into his thoughts, feelings, and experiences.

This chapter not only gives us a glimpse into the life of the poet but also provides a window into the art of self-expression through poetry. Jayashankar Prasad's decision to choose poetic expression over a conventional autobiography adds a unique dimension to his work, making "Aatmakathya" a remarkable piece of literature that continues to resonate with readers. The poem encourages readers to reflect on their own lives and experiences, fostering a sense of connection and empathy through the power of words.

Chapter 4 - SuryaKant Tripathi - Nirala

Kshitij is the primary textbook for Hindi Course A in Class 10, featuring 12 chapters that encompass both prose and poetry. This book consists of 6 prose pieces and 6 poems, each followed by questions designed to help you evaluate your comprehension of the chapter.

One of the poems in this book, titled "Utsaah aur at nahi rahi," is penned by the poet Suryakant Tripathi Nirala. This poem has two parts. The initial part, "Utsaah," acts as an invocation that seems to have been whispered by the clouds. Through this section, the poet conveys his feelings and thoughts with a sense of enthusiasm and excitement.

In the latter part, "At Nahi Rahi," the poet emphasizes the captivating portrayal of the month of Phagun. Suryakant Tripathi Nirala, in Class 10, vividly describes the month's beauty as beyond containment. He illustrates that as the Spring season unfolds, homes become imbued with its fragrant essence. It's as if Spring itself is stretching its wings to take flight. This allure is so powerful that the poet, Suryakant Tripathi Nirala, finds himself unable to divert his gaze. Throughout this poem, Class 10's Suryakant Tripathi Nirala explores the emergence of new leaves on trees and the delightful aroma emanating from various blossoms. This chapter exemplifies how poetry can intricately capture the essence of nature's beauty and emotions.

Chapter 5 - Nagarjun

Nagarjuna was born on the full moon day of 1911 in Satalkha, Bihar. His father's name was Gokul Mishra and his mother's name was Uma Devi. After naming, he was called Vaishyanath Mishra. His mother passed away when , he was 6 years old. His father used to carry him on his shoulders from one village to another village to visit relatives. Due to his father's helplessness, he developed a habit of traveling, and as he grew up, wandering became a natural part of his life.

He began studying Sanskrit in Varanasi. There, he was influenced by the Arya Samaj and later leaned toward Buddhist philosophy. During those days, he admired Subhash Chandra Bose in politics. Leaving Varanasi, he traveled to Kolkata and then to South India. He took initiation into the Buddhist faith at the renowned 'Vidyālankāra Pariveṇa' in Lanka. Nagarjuna actively participated in literary works and also took part in political movements. Inspired by Swami Sahajanand, he joined the peasant movement in Bihar and faced imprisonment along with beatings. He also took part in the Champaran peasant movement. In essence, he believed in creative expression as well as active resistance.

In the poem "Danturit Muskaan" (Innocent Smile), the poet beautifully portrays the captivating smile of a child. According to the poet, a child's smile holds such power that it can bring life to even a lifeless body. The sight of a child's smile makes us forget all our sorrows and fills our hearts with joy. Seeing a child play in the courtyard covered in dust, the poet imagines it as if a lotus has blossomed in a hut. The poet describes the playful and endearing actions of a child in its innocence, how a child who doesn't recognize someone, doesn't look at them directly, but once recognized, keeps looking at them with curiosity.

Chapter 6 - Manglesh Dabral

Manglesh Dabral is one of the most well-known contemporary Hindi poets. He was born on May 16, 1948, in Kafalpani village, Tehri Garhwal, Uttarakhand. He Finished his studies in Dehradun. Manglesh Dabral has published five collections of poetry. These include "Pahar Par Lalten," "Ghar Ka Rasta," "Hum Jo Dekhte Hain," "Aawaaz Bhi Ek Jagah Hai," and "Naye Yug Mein Shatru."

His works have earned him several awards, including the Sahitya Akademi Award, Kumar Vikal Smriti Puraskar, and the Delhi Hindi Akademi's Sahityakar Samman. Besides poetry, he also writes on literature, cinema, media, and culture. His beauty consciousness is subtle, and his language is transparent.

In these lines, the poet discusses people who never seek fame but continue to work tirelessly. They often go unnoticed and seldom receive praise for their work. They live in obscurity, yet they persistently carry on without selfish motives. Like the unsung musicians who accompany a singer, these individuals work silently behind the scenes, ensuring that the main performer shines. They support the lead, protecting them from faltering and never allowing them to fail. Sometimes, they deliberately make mistakes, just to ensure that the main performer's reputation remains untarnished. Yet, they remain unrecognized, without praise or acknowledgment. Regardless, they keep working diligently without any ulterior motives, just like the unsung musicians.

Chapter 7 - Swayam Prakash

In this chapter, the story revolves around Haldar Sahib, who regularly passes through a town every fifteen days for work. At the town's main square, there stood a marble statue of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose with unique glasses. The glasses on the statue changed over time, which caught Haldar Sahib's attention.

Initially, the statue had thick black-framed glasses, but later, wire-framed round glasses replaced them. This change intrigued Haldar Sahib, and he began to observe the evolving glasses on the statue each time he passed by.

Haldar Sahib learned from the local paanwala that a patriotic Captain was responsible for changing the glasses. The Captain would sell the glasses from the statue and replace them with new ones whenever customers desired specific frames. The Captain, an elderly man with a Gandhian cap and a box of spectacles, had a strong presence.

For two years, Haldar Sahib watched as the glasses on Netaji's statue transformed – round, square, red, black, sunglasses, and larger frames. However, one day, the statue was without glasses, and Haldar Sahib learned that the Captain had passed away. Saddened by the news, he resolved not to stop for paan in the town anymore.

Yet, one day, Haldar Sahib couldn't resist looking at the statue, only to find children placing glasses on it. Witnessing this, he was moved to tears, realizing that the Captain's legacy continued through the children. This incident touched Haldar Sahib deeply, showing how even after the Captain's passing, his patriotic spirit lived on in the town's youth, reflecting Netaji's ideals.

Chapter 8 - Ram Vraksh Benapuri

Chapter 8, titled "Balgobin Bhagat," penned by Ram Vraksh Benapuri, delves into the life of a man named Balgobin Bhagat. The story revolves around his existence from start to finish, reflecting the essence of an average rural Indian. Bhagat, leading a humble life, had a father and a son. His daily routine was simple and consistent – rising early, bathing, offering prayers, and expressing gratitude for his blessings. Known for his melodious prayer songs, Bhagat's routine remained unwavering.

As time flowed, Bhagat's son passed away, and his daughter-in-law wished to care for him. However, Bhagat, displaying his selflessness, encouraged her to lead her own life and pursue happiness. The story culminates with Bhagat's life concluding just as he had always envisioned – a peaceful passing due to old age, adhering to his daily rituals until the end.

This narrative masterfully portrays the character of a benevolent and devoted individual. It emphasizes his kindness and discipline, providing readers with an opportunity to explore a unique form of storytelling while delving into the lessons of simple and virtuous living. "Balgobin Bhagat" serves as an insightful tale for students, encouraging them to reflect on moral values and appreciate the beauty of a life well-lived.

Chapter 9 - Yashpal

Yashpal, born in 1903 in Firozpur Cantonment, Punjab, received his early education in Kangra and later pursued his B.A. from National College, Lahore, where he became acquainted with Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev, sparking his involvement in the Indian independence movement. He actively participated in the struggle for freedom and faced imprisonment multiple times. Yashpal's impactful life came to an end in 1976. In his works, Yashpal critiques the decadent feudal class, which indulges in an artificial and detached lifestyle, ignorant of the real world, a phenomenon still prevalent today.

Chapter 9, titled 'Lucknawi Andaaz,' presents Yashpal's satire on the Nawabi culture. The author portrays a Nawab who exhibits his 'Nawabi' style, sniffing cucumber slices instead of eating them and throwing each slice out the window. By burping, the Nawab feigns contentment. The author reflects on this behavior, suggesting that even a new story could be created without depth or genuine characters, akin to the Nawab's superficial display. Through this portrayal, Yashpal highlights the hollowness of such ostentatious behaviors, drawing parallels between the Nawabi culture and the lack of authenticity in certain aspects of contemporary society.

Chapter 10 - Manu Bhandari

Mannu Bhandari eloquently portrays the influential figures and events that have shaped her identity in her presented autobiography. The narrative delves into her relationship with her father and her college professor, Sheela Agarwal, shedding light on significant incidents from her teenage years.

Within these pages, the author unveils the remarkable transformation of a girl bound by family ties into an extraordinary revolutionary figure, traversing through diverse phases. She emerged as an active participant in the 1946-47 freedom movement, exhibiting astonishing enthusiasm, boundless energy, exceptional organizational skills, and a remarkable ability to stand against opposition.

Born in Bhanpura village, Madhya Pradesh, the author's early life leads her family to settle in the Brahmapuri locality of Ajmer city in Rajasthan. Her father, an erudite figure, occupies the upper floor immersed in reading and dictating amidst a treasure trove of books, magazines, and newspapers. In contrast, the lower floor accommodates the author and her siblings.

Her mother, though uneducated, adeptly manages household responsibilities. Before their life in Ajmer, the author's father was a respected and affluent individual in Indore. Engaged with the Congress party, he was dedicated to social reform, advocating not just for education but actively teaching students within the confines of their homes. Despite his gentle demeanor, he possessed both a fiery temper and an unyielding ego.

Mannu Bhandari's autobiography candidly recounts the significant figures and environments that have influenced her journey, portraying her evolution from a girl within the embrace of family life to a revolutionary force driven by passion and conviction. Her narrative serves as a testament to the intertwining of personal growth and the broader socio-political landscape, encapsulating a compelling narrative of resilience and transformation.

Chapter 11 - Yatindra Mishra

This chapter provides a concise yet insightful biography of Ustad Bismillah Khan, as penned by Yatindra Mishra. It transports us to the city of Kashi during the years 1916 to 1922, where a six-year-old Amiruddin, accompanied by his older brother Shamsuddin, embarks on a new chapter of their lives under the care of their maternal uncles, Sadiq Hussain and Alivkash. The details within this chapter offer a significant glimpse into the formative years of Ustad Bismillah Khan, the legendary maestro of the shehnai.

Amiruddin, who would later become Ustad Bismillah Khan, is introduced at a tender age, and the events that unfold during his time with his maternal uncles carry profound importance in shaping his journey. This chapter invites us to explore the surroundings, experiences and influences that nurtured the young Amiruddin's passion for music and laid the foundation for his illustrious musical career. Through careful examination of these formative years, readers can gain a deeper understanding of the artist's early life and the factors that molded him into the iconic figure he would become.

Indeed, this chapter offers a valuable opportunity for detailed exploration and contemplation. By delving into the circumstances and relationships that surrounded Ustad Bismillah Khan's upbringing in Kashi, readers can uncover the seeds of his musical genius and gain insights into the cultural and familial backdrop that played an integral role in shaping his exceptional talent. Thoroughly studying this chapter enables a richer appreciation of the maestro's life story, highlighting the significance of his early years in the tapestry of his celebrated musical legacy.

Chapter 12 - Bhadand Anand Koslyayan

The twelfth chapter of the NCERT Class 10 Kshitij Hindi textbook is titled "Sanskriti" or Culture. This chapter delves into the civilization and culture that shape our lives today. It offers insights into the behaviors and attitudes prevalent in our modern society. The Kshitij Hindi textbook for Class 10, published by NCERT, is a remarkable resource filled with a diverse range of informative and comprehensive chapters. These chapters aim to equip students with understanding and knowledge, providing valuable lessons and messages for them to absorb.

Within this context, Chapter 12 specifically aims to impart essential life lessons to students, fostering awareness and mindfulness. Authored by Bhadand Anand Koslyayan, this chapter acts as a guiding light for students, encouraging them to reflect on their actions and choices in the context of culture and society. By utilizing the NCERT Solution Class 10 Hindi Kshitij Chapter 12 Sanskriti, students can deepen their language proficiency and gain clarity on the concepts covered within the chapter. These solutions serve as a valuable tool to assist students in comprehending the subject matter and addressing any queries they may have.

Class 10 is a pivotal phase in a student's academic journey, as it lays the foundation for their future pursuits. This chapter, and indeed the entire Kshitij textbook, serves as a valuable resource to aid students in this crucial stage. By engaging with the content and availing the support of solutions like those provided in Class 10th Hindi Kshitij Chapter 12, students can enhance their learning experience, develop critical thinking skills, and foster a deeper appreciation for the cultural nuances that shape our world.

How to score more marks in Hindi (Kshitij) in Class 10th Board Examination?

Scoring higher marks in the Hindi (Kshitij) subject for the Class 10 Board Examination involves a strategic approach and consistent effort. Firstly, it's essential to thoroughly understand the syllabus and study the prescribed textbooks, like the NCERT Kshitij Hindi textbook, which forms the foundation of the exam. Pay close attention to each chapter's themes, characters, and messages.

Practicing regularly is key. Solve previous years' question papers and sample papers to get accustomed to the exam pattern and question types. This helps you manage time effectively during the actual exam and familiarizes you with the marking scheme.

Focus on improving your language skills, including grammar, vocabulary, and comprehension. Read newspapers, magazines, and literature to enhance your language proficiency. Pay attention to writing styles, sentence structures, and proper usage of idioms and phrases.

Create a study schedule that allocates ample time for each chapter, allowing for in-depth understanding. Make concise notes summarizing key points for quick revision. Engage in discussions with teachers or peers to clarify doubts and gain different perspectives on the topics.

While answering questions, emphasize clarity and coherence in your responses. Begin with a well-structured introduction, followed by detailed explanations supported by relevant examples. Use quotes or references from the text to substantiate your answers. Use headings and bullet points for longer responses to enhance readability.

Practice the art of concise and effective writing. Ensure your answers are to the point and address the question's requirements. Highlight essential details and avoid unnecessary elaboration.

During revision, focus on weak areas and regularly review your notes. Stay calm and confident during the exam, manage your time wisely, and allocate sufficient time to each question. Proofread your answers before submission to correct any spelling or grammatical errors.

Lastly, maintain a healthy lifestyle with adequate sleep and proper nutrition to keep your mind sharp and focused. Believe in your abilities and approach the exam with a positive mindset.

By diligently following these strategies, you can increase your chances of scoring higher marks in the Hindi (Kshitij) subject in your Class 10 Board Examination. Remember, consistent effort, effective time management, and a comprehensive understanding of the syllabus are the keys to success.

Frequently Asked Questions

Question 1: How can NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Hindi - Kshitij prove to be a reliable aid to NCERT Hindi (Hindi) textbook for class 10?

Answer 1: NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Hindi - Kshitij is a helpful companion to the NCERT Hindi (Kshitij) textbook. They provide clear explanations and answers to questions in simple language, making it easier to understand the lessons. These solutions cover important topics, helping you grasp the concepts better. If you're stuck on a question or need more clarity, these solutions come to the rescue. They act like a friendly guide, making your learning journey smoother and boosting your confidence in Hindi studies

Question 2: What are the benefits that can be derived from Kshitij in the context of Class 10 Hindi?

Answer 2: Kshitij for Class 10 Hindi offers many advantages. It presents interesting stories and poems that capture your attention and improve your reading skills. The book exposes you to different writing styles and cultural aspects, enhancing your language understanding. It also discusses important life lessons, making you think and reflect. With exercises and activities, it sharpens your comprehension and writing abilities. Additionally, Kshitij prepares you for exams by providing practice questions similar to those in the curriculum. Overall, it's a valuable resource that boosts your Hindi knowledge, language skills, and exam readiness.


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