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NCERT Solutions Class 10 Science - Chapter 3 Metals & Non-metals

JEE Mains & Advanced

NCERT solutions for class 10 science Chapter 3 – Metals & Non-metals helps students to learn the concepts in detail in the textbook. NCERT solutions for class 10 science answers all questions printed at end of each chapter. eSaral’s NCERT solutions are prepared by the subject experts. Descriptive language is simple and easy to understand. Students will be able to understand the concepts with the help of steps, diagram, tips, numerical problems shortcuts and tricks for remembering chemical reactions and formulas.

By learning the solutions, students will be able to improve their understanding of the properties of metal and non-metal, understand the reaction series, and understand the various uses of different metals in daily life. Students will also be able to find answers to questions and exercises included in the chapter at the end, which will help them in preparing for the exam.
The NCERT Solutions also help students to develop their critical thinking skills and scientific curiosity by providing real-world examples and carrying out experiments related to the elements.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 3 Topics

Section Name

Topic Name


Metals and Non-metals


Physical Properties


Chemical Properties of Metals


How do Metals and Non-metals React?


Occurrence of Metals



3.1 Physical Properties: In the periodic table, there are two broad classes of elements: those classified as metals and those classified as non-metals. These two classes of elements have different physical properties.

Following subtopics will be discussed in the section 3.1: 

       3.1.1 Metals

       3.1.2 Non-metals

3.2 Chemical Properties of Metals: Metals have a wide range of chemical properties because they lose electrons and form cations (positive ions) during chemical reactions.

Following subtopics will be discussed in the section 3.2:

       3.2.1 What happens when metals are burnt in air?

       3.2.2 What happens when metals react with water?

       3.2.3 What happens when metals react with acids?

       3.2.4 How do metals react with solutions of other metal salts?

       3.2.5 The reactivity series

3.3 How do metals and Non-metals react?: Metals and Non-metals may interact with one another in a variety of ways, resulting in the formation of compounds with distinct characteristics. The nature of the reaction depends on the metals and Non-Metals involved and the conditions in which the reaction occurs.

Following subtopics will be discussed in the section 3.3:

       3.3.1 Properties of ionic compounds

3.4 Occurrence of Metals: The crust of the earth is the primary source of metallic elements. Sea water also contains some soluble salts, including sodium chloride and magnesium chloride, among others. The elements or compounds that are naturally present in the earth's crust are called minerals. Some minerals contain a high percentage of a specific metal and can be mined profitably for that metal, known as ores.

Following subtopics will be discussed in the section 3.4:

       3.4.1 Extraction of Metals

       3.4.2 Enrichment of Ores

       3.4.3 Extracting metals low in the activity series

       3.4.4 Extracting Metals in the middle of the activity series

       3.4.5 Extracting Metals towards the top of the activity series

       3.4.6 Refining of Metals

3.5 Corrosion: Corrosion is a natural process that happens to metal and non-metallic materials as a result of chemical or electrochemical interactions with their environment. Over time, corrosion can cause material damage and structural damage of object.

Following subtopics will be discussed in the section 3.5:

       3.5.1 Prevention of Corrosion

Key Features of Class 10 Science Chapter 3

  • Elements are classified in two types which are metal and non-metal.

  • Metals are shiny, flexible, ductile, and conduct heat and electricity.

  • Metals are solid elements, except for mercury which is a liquid.

  • Metals can lose electrons to other metals to form positive ions.

  • Metals react with oxygen to create basic oxides, such as aluminium oxide or zinc oxide. Both basic and acidic oxides are amphoteric.

  • Different metals react with water or dilute acids in different ways.

  • Some common metals are arranged in the order of decreasing reactivity as an activity series, such as hydrogen.

  • Hydrogen can be displaced from dilute acids by a metal.

  • A more reactive metal can be displaced from a less reactive salt solution by a more reactive metal.

  • Process of extracting metals from ores is termed as metallurgy.

  • Corrosion is a phenomenon that occurs when the surface of certain metals, including iron, is exposed to moisture for an extended period of time.

  • Non-metals, on the other hand, possess properties that are opposite to those of metals, such as being neither malleable nor ductile. Furthermore, they are not good conductors of heat or electricity, with the exception of graphite, which conducts electricity.

  • When non-metals react with metals, they generate negatively charged ions by capturing electrons.

Benefits of Downloading the PDF of NCERT Solutions Class 10 Science Chapter 3 Metals and Non Metals

Downloading free PDF of NCERT solutions for class 10 science chapter 3 “Metals and Non-metals” by eSaral can provide several advantages for students:

Access to comprehensive solutions: In the PDF, you will be able to get a well-organized and comprehensive solution to all the NCERT questions and exercises. This will help you to understand the concepts better and enhance your problem solving skills.

Detailed explanations: The PDF solutions are likely to contain detailed explanations for every step. This will make it easy for you to understand the basic concepts and principles of the text.

Clear concepts: The solutions will help you to clear up any doubts or ambiguities you may have regarding the metal and non-metal related topics. This clarity will help you to get a better grasp of the subject.

Exam preparation: NCERT solutions are often in line with CBSE curriculum & exam pattern. By using these solutions, you can practice a wide variety of questions that may appear on tests.

Time management: Downloading PDFs of solutions saves you time as you don’t have to struggle with complex questions by yourself. Instead, you can focus on understanding the concepts and practice different kinds of questions. 

Self-assessment: Using the solutions, you can test your answers after trying out the exercises. Using the self assessment, you can see where you need to improve and work on it.

Frequently Asked Questions

Question 1: What are metals and non-metals?

Answer 1: There are two broad groups of elements that make up the periodic table: metals and nonmetals. Metals are usually solid and shiny. They conduct heat and electricity well. They usually have high melting points and low boiling points. Non-metals can be solid, liquid, or gas. They usually have lower melting points and lower boiling points than metals.

Question 2: What are the main differences between metals and non-metals?

Answer 2: Metals are shiny, flexible, ductile and conduct electricity and heat well. Nonmetals do not have these characteristics and are generally conductors of both heat and electricity poorly.  Metals form positively ions which are known as cations, while nonmetals create negatively ions, which are known as anions.