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NCERT Solutions Class 10 Science Chapter 4 Carbon And Its Compounds - PDF Download

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eSaral offers NCERT Solutions for class 10 Science, carbon and its compounds. eSaral expert teachers in science explain the answers to all the questions. Carbon and its compounds Class 10 Solutions of questions are given on eSaral to make your study simple and interesting. You can also download carbon and its compounds class 10 NCERT solutions free from eSaral's website to help you to complete the complete syllabus correctly and score maximum marks in your exams. Before we get into the carbon and its compound Class 10 NCERT solutions, it is essential to know the basics about the chapter. For Class 10 Maths, you can download the NCERT Solutions to revise the complete syllabus and get more marks in your examination.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4 Topics

Section Name

Topic Name


Carbon and its Compounds


Bonding in Carbon- The Covalent Bond


Versatile nature of carbon


Chemical Properties of Carbon Compounds


Some Important Carbon Compounds- Ethanol and Ethanoic acid


Soaps and Detergents

4.1 Bonding in Carbon- The Covalent Bond: Carbon is characterized by its electron configuration, which allows it to form a broad range of compounds. It is composed of six electrons, two of which are located in its innermost shell, and the remaining four are located in its outermost shell. Generally, carbon forms a covalent bond, which involves the exchange of electrons between two atoms in order to maintain a stable electron configuration.

4.2 Versatile nature of carbon: Carbon's Versatility is one of the defining characteristics of the element, and is responsible for the vast array of compounds found throughout the globe. This Versatility is largely attributed to carbon's distinct electron arrangement and its capacity for covalent bonding with other molecules, including itself.

Following subtopics will be covered in this section 4.2:

       4.2.1 Saturated and Unsaturated Carbon Compounds

       4.2.2 Chains, Branches and Rings

       4.2.3 Will You be My Friend?

       4.2.4 Homologous Series

       4.2.5 Nomenclature of Carbon Compounds

4.3 Chemical Properties of Carbon Compounds: Carbon compounds have a broad range of chemical properties because carbon can form many different covalent bonds to different elements.

Following subtopics will be covered in this section 4.3:

        4.3.1 Combustion

        4.3.2 Oxidation

        4.3.3 Addition Reaction

        4.3.4 Substitution Reaction

4.4 Some Important Carbon Compounds- Ethanol and Ethanoic acid: In this section, properties of Ethanol and Ethanoic acid like chemical reaction will be discussed.

Following subtopics will be covered in this section 4.4:

       4.4.1 Properties of Ethanol

       4.4.2 Properties of Ethanoic acid

4.5 Soaps and Detergents: Soap is a type of cleaning product that's been around for a while. It's made from natural ingredients like fats and oils mixed with an alkali, which is a special type of material. When these ingredients come together, they go through a chemical process called saponization, which turns them into soap. On the other hand, detergent is a newer cleaning product that's usually made in a lab. It's specially designed for different situations, and it's made with chemicals that can get rid of dirt and grease.

Key Points of Class 10 Science Chapter 4

  • Carbon is a widely-used element that is the foundation for all life and many of the substances we use. Its tetravalence and catenation properties enable it to form a wide range of compounds. 

  • Covalent bonds between two atoms are formed by the exchange of electrons, allowing them to form a complete outermost shell. Carbon also forms covalent relationships with itself, hydrogen, oxygen, sulfur, nitrogen, and chlorine. 

  • Carbon can form chains in various shapes, such as straight, branched, or ring-shaped. The formation of carbon chains leads to the formation of homologous compounds, which contain the same functional group attached to different lengths of carbon. 

  • Functional groups such as alcohol, aldehyde, ketone, and carboxyl acid give the carbon compounds their characteristic properties. 

  • Carbon and its compounds form some of the most important sources of fuels in our lives, such as ethanol and ethanoic acid.

  • Soap and detergent molecules contain hydrophobic and hydrophilic molecules, which help to break down the oil-based dirt and get rid of it.

Importance of Downloading the PDF of NCERT Solutions Class 10 Science Chapter 4 Carbon and Its Compounds

  • NCERT solutions for class 10 science chapter 4 – carbon and its compounds are authentic and easy to understand. These solutions provide solutions to all exercise questions at end of chapter 4, carbon and its compounds from NCERT class 10 science textbook. These solutions also provide answers to the questions printed between between the lesson.

  • NCERT solutions for Class 10 science Chapter 4 – carbon and Its compounds are provided by the expert teachers after extensive research. These solutions will help students to prepare for CBSE exam and also for different competitive exams. Students can refer these solutions to their CBSE board exam as they contain step by step procedures, well-labelled diagrams, shortcuts and tips to solve complex type of question smartly.

  • These solutions provide answers to all the practice issues found at the end of NCERT class 10 science textbook Chapter 4 carbon and its compounds. The answers to the questions printed in middle of the lesson are also provided. Expert professors have prepared NCERT Solutions for class 10 science chapter 4 – carbon and its compounds based on thorough study. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Question 1: What are organic compounds?

Answer 1: Organic compounds are compounds that contain carbon and are commonly found in living organisms. These include molecules such as proteins, carbohydrates and fats.

Question 2: How are soaps and detergents related to carbon compounds?

Answer 2: Soaps and detergents are carbon-based cleaning agents. Carbon compounds have unique molecular structures that help remove impurities and grease.



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