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NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Hindi - Kshitij - PDF Download

JEE Mains & Advanced

eSaral's Hindi teachers have meticulously researched and devised optimal answers for all the chapters in Class 9th Hindi Kshitij. Rest assured, these solutions are your reliable guide to tackling questions in each exercise. Your study routine should incorporate these solutions across all chapters. After comprehending a chapter, engage with its exercise questions. Compare your responses against the Class 9 Hindi Solutions Kshitij, evaluating your proficiency. Pinpoint disparities between your approach and the experts'. Identify areas for further enhancement, reinforcing your foundation.

Class 9 Hindi Kshitij is a compilation of literary gems from diverse authors of bygone eras. Exploring these chapters is not only captivating but also intellectually stimulating, deciphering the authors' intended messages. NCERT mandates a language-focused syllabus, nurturing linguistic skills. This is where eSaral's NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Hindi Kshitij prove indispensable. Crafted sequentially by adept educators, these solutions streamline learning, enabling step-by-step mastery of chapters and comprehensive syllabus coverage.

The textbook's assortment showcases literary brilliance spanning different historical epochs. Deciphering the authors' intentions is both exciting and challenging. For Class 9 students, eSaral's NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Hindi Kshitij offers valuable assistance. Arranged systematically by expert teachers, these solutions facilitate gradual chapter assimilation and holistic syllabus comprehension. Accessing the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Hindi PDF streamlines preparation, permitting autonomous doubt resolution and rapid syllabus completion, expediting exam readiness.

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Hindi - Kshitij

Below is the list of CBSE Class 9 Hindi textbook- Kshitij Chapters.

Gadhya Khand


Chapter 1

Do Bailon Ki Katha

Chapter 2

Lhasa Ki Aur

Chapter 3

Upbhoktawad Ki Sanskriti

Chapter 4

Sanwle Sapno Ki Yaad

Chapter 5

Premchand Ke Fate Joote

Chapter 6

Mere Bachpan Ke Din

Kavya Khand


Chapter 7

Saakhiyan And Sabad

Chapter 8


Chapter 9


Chapter 10

Kaidi Aur Kokila

Chapter 11

Gram Shree

Chapter 12

Megh Aaye

Chapter 13

Bachche Kaam Par Ja Rahe hain

Here is a brief overview of each chapter contained in the CBSE Class 9 Hindi Textbook- Kshitij

Chapter 1: Do Bailon Ki Katha

In the collection of stories by Premchand, there is also a remarkable tale called "The Story of Two Bulls." Premchand was born in 1880 in the village of Lamahi in Varanasi. His real name was Dhanpat Rai, and he passed away in 1936. Through this story, he tried to understand the relationships between humans and animals.

This story is about two bulls named Heera and Moti, who were raised with great love by a farmer named Jhuri. Due to some reason, Jhuri had to leave these bulls at his in-laws' place. However, Heera and Moti believed that their owner had sold them, so they quickly wanted to escape from his deceit and return home. One night, when Jhuri was feeding them hay and had fallen asleep, they broke their ropes and went back to Jhuri's home. Seeing them, Jhuri was overjoyed, but his wife was angry, thinking the bulls were lazy.

When Jhuri brought them back the second time, they still didn't eat properly or plow as they used to. In that house, a little girl who used to give them some rotis opens the door for them one night, so they can escape from their captivity. After running for a long time, they find an unfamiliar place and start eating fresh green peas in a pea field. Some people catch them and imprison them in a cattle pound. After enduring many hardships there, they are eventually sold to a butcher. On their way, they recognize the path to their home, and they run to reach Jhuri. Jhuri and his wife both welcome them with affection.

This story teaches us about the bond between animals and humans. It shows how animals, like Heera and Moti, can form deep connections with people and understand their intentions and feelings. It also reflects on how human perceptions and actions can impact the lives of these creatures. Through this tale, Premchand conveys the idea that empathy, compassion, and understanding are essential in all relationships, whether they are between humans or animals.

Chapter 2: Lhasa Ki Aur

In this passage, the author Rahul Sankrityayan tells us about his journey to Tibet. He shares that the route he thought suitable for traveling to Tibet through Nepal was the same route used by our country's goods to reach Tibet. Throughout this journey, there were old forts. Chinese soldiers were stationed there. There was no trace of modernization. Women didn't wear veils. There were no caste restrictions and no religious biases. And the best part was that the people there were very helpful. Whether they knew you or not, they all extended their assistance. A special beverage in Tibet is tea, which can be made according to your taste.

Author Rahul Sankrityayan meets a monk named Sumati in Mongolia, who is familiar with the paths there. He had been there before, disguised as a beggar. He found a safe place to stay. However, when he returns after five years, this time as a traveler on a horse, no one offers him a place to stay. The author assures Sumati that he is not at fault. Sumati soon calms down. They finally stop at Lhakar and get some rest. They have tea, sattu, and thukpa there.

According to Rahul Sankrityayan, they were at a remote place, surrounded by mountains that looked like fortresses. They see a small hill called Tingri Samadhi Giri. There were many recognizable people in nearby villages. They wanted to meet them, but Rahul denied them, promising to pay them once they reached Lhasa. Eventually, they meet with Sumati's acquaintances, and the next day, they set off again.

In the surrounding villages, the land is divided among different landlords, most of whom are monks. They do their farming. Workers were available for hire. Their maintenance was overseen by a monk who was no less than a king to the people of the estate. Rahul Sankrityayan meets Bhikshu Namse, the head of Shekar's farming. They visit a temple where 103 volumes of translated Buddha's teachings were kept. The same place becomes their resting spot and they spend time reading.

Seeing this opportunity, Sumati asks Rahul if she can go meet her acquaintances. He agrees, and the next day Sumati sets off to meet her acquaintances. By afternoon, she returns, and they both prepare to leave, bidding farewell to Bhikshu Namse.

Chapter 3: Upbhoktawad Ki Sanskriti

The author Shyamacharan Dubey highlights the prevailing consumerist and materialistic mindset of the present era. The pursuit of happiness is becoming increasingly linked to the acquisition of new physical products. Alongside these new products, there is a noticeable shift in human behavior and values. According to the author, a new trend called the "Consumer Culture" is emerging, where the culture of consumerism is flourishing. The focus has shifted towards consumption and indulgence, becoming the source of pleasure. Various items in our daily lives, such as toothpaste for dental care and different cosmetics, seem to pull us towards them. The author points out that, even though multiple options are available, people often prefer well-known and reputable brands.

Different products are now available to enhance physical appearance, from skin creams to perfumes. However, people often overlook the potential health risks associated with certain products. Advertisements play a significant role in promoting consumerism, attracting the attention of both women and men.

The author raises concerns about the growing materialism and self-centeredness in society. With rising inflation, people's focus seems to be increasingly driven by selfish motives. The author wonders how these trends will impact the future, as the pursuit of materialism can lead to alienation and conflicts. Gandhi's principles of respecting others' values and embracing a healthier cultural influence are proposed as solutions to counteract the dangerous effects of consumerism.

In conclusion, the author emphasizes that we should be cautious of the consumer culture prevailing in our society. By adopting a mindful approach towards our consumption choices and being aware of the potential dangers of excessive consumerism, we can contribute to our well-being as well as the betterment of our nation and its citizens. It's important to remember that a consumerist mindset could pose serious challenges in the future, and therefore, it's wise to prioritize values and balanced living.

Chapter 4: Sanwle Sapno Ki Yaad

The author of this story is Jabir Hussain. In this story, he talks about a famous bird watcher named Salim Ali. According to him, someone who loves to learn about birds is called a bird watcher. Salim Ali had remarkable knowledge about Indian birds.

As per the story, author Jabir Hussain tells about Salim Ali's final journey, which was his last adventure. He compares Salim Ali's life to that of a bird's, how a bird sings its last song before leaving the world. Just like after numerous efforts, a bird might not survive, and no one would attempt to bring a dead bird back to life.

The author Jabir Hussain further explains that Salim Ali believed that people make a big mistake by not looking at birds, forests, and waterfalls from a natural perspective, but rather from a human perspective. The name of Vrindavan, for instance, immediately evokes memories of Lord Krishna. Similarly, the name of birds invokes the name of Salim Ali in our minds. Even today, if one visits Vrindavan, the waters of the Yamuna River remind them of the old history when Lord Krishna performed the Raslila, played pranks, drank milk and yogurt, broke butter pots, and played his favorite flute. The whole Vrindavan seemed to dance to his music, and even today, looking at the dark waters of the Yamuna, one can feel the same.

It's as if Lord Krishna has just played his flute, and his melodious tunes still echo. Truly, Vrindavan and Krishna have become each other's complement. Jabir Hussain then describes Salim Ali as a thin and lean person. At that time, he was just a few years away from turning 100. However, his body was tired due to various journeys, and he was suffering from cancer. But even in his last breaths, Salim Ali remained devoted to observing and taking care of various birds. His wife Tahmeena also took great care of him and had been his companion. The author then reveals that there is a hidden story behind Salim Ali becoming a "Birdwatcher." The story goes that in his childhood, Salim Ali's uncle had gifted him a "binocular." He was very happy, but one day while playing on his rooftop, he saw a sparrow. He aimed his binoculars at it, and accidentally hit the sparrow. The sparrow got injured and fell from the rooftop. Seeing the injured bird, Salim Ali felt deep regret and took it upon himself to care for it. The blue-winged bird changed Salim Ali's life forever.

He started loving birds and became a bird watcher. The author Jabir Hussain also mentions that Salim Ali has described this incident in his autobiography "Fall of a Sparrow." Furthermore, he explains that Salim Ali even tried to save Chaudhary Charan Singh, the then Prime Minister, from the dangerous sandstorm in Kerala. Salim Ali's awareness of these natural threats deeply moved Chaudhary Charan Singh. The author then reflects that both Salim Ali and Chaudhary Charan Singh have now passed away, leaving the question of who will protect the diverse birds living in perilous and icy locations.

In conclusion, Jabir Hussain describes how Salim Ali constantly used different methods to search for birds. His experience was like a vast ocean of natural knowledge. He embodied a life enriched with the beauty of nature. Unfortunately, Salim Ali is no longer with us, but all those who knew him and loved birds still hope that Salim Ali is not on his final journey, but rather on a journey to discover more birds. They all wish he would return among them.

Chapter 5: Premchand Ke Fate Joote

The story "Premchand ke Phate Joote " is written by Harishankar Parsai. He is describing a simple person named Premchand who is a well-known Hindi author, known for his stories and novels spread across the world.

Harishankar Parsai explains that he was surprised to see Premchand taking photos, wearing worn-out shoes, and even smiling at someone. Then he humorously suggests that if taking a photo was his intention, he should have worn proper shoes. He speculates that maybe he's taking photos at his wife's insistence. Harishankar Parsai intends to empathize with Premchand's struggles through his photo, but his tears are stopped by his realization of the pain in Premchand's eyes. Harishankar playfully remarks that people wear perfume before taking fragrant photos. If Premchand understood the significance of photos, he might have borrowed shoes from someone. Just like people demand suits and cars for weddings, which shows how much importance they place on appearances.

Harishankar Parsai then explains that headgear is cheaper than footwear, but footwear is more expensive. It could be the same for Premchand. This satire deeply saddens the author. Seeing a great novelist, artist, era creator, and emperor's shoes in tatters is truly heartbreaking for him.

He goes on to say that even his shoes aren't that great. They may look good on the outside, but underneath, the sole is torn beneath the big toe. It may look fine from the outside, but underneath, it rubs against the ground, causing scratches and even a bloodstain if scratched on wet mud. But even if the feet are injured, the toe won't show it. Harishankar then suggests that people like him, i.e., those like him, want to cover up the truth with a cloak of pretense, while people like Premchand embrace the truth. They don't even care about the curtain and we are sacrificing ourselves on this very curtain!

Now, Harishankar talks about Premchand's shoes again. He tells him that he might be wearing worn-out shoes with pride, but he wouldn't be able to do that. He also dismisses the idea of taking a photo. The author then questions the meaning behind Premchand's witty smile. Harishankar Parsai is curious about why Premchand's shoes have worn out. According to him, too much walking doesn't tear shoes, but it does wear them down. He then concludes that he wants to gesture towards the toe of the foot that he despises, just as people do to him.

In essence, the author Harishankar Parsai has now understood the hidden messages conveyed by Premchand through his actions.

Chapter 6: Mere Bachpan Ke Din

The presented passage vividly depicts the memories of that time in the text 'My Childhood Days' when the author studied with her friend Subhadra Kumari Chauhan in school. This text paints a lively picture of their interactions, their co-students, life in the hostel, the friendly environment, their camaraderie, students' perspective on the freedom movement, their meeting with Gandhi Ji, and the author's achievements in poetry gatherings.

In the author's family, no girl was born for the first 200 years. If a girl was born, she would be killed. After 200 years, the author was born. Her grandfather had prayed for a daughter during Durga Puja, so she had a joyful childhood. The author had the opportunity to learn languages like Urdu, Persian, English, and Sanskrit. Her mother encouraged her to learn Hindi. She enjoyed learning Hindi and Sanskrit, but Urdu and Persian did not capture her interest. She attended Crossway Girls' College where she befriended Subhadra Kumari Chauhan. Each room in their hostel housed four students. The author's room had Subhadra, a senior student who wrote poems.

One day, Subhadra discovered the author's poems and shared them with the hostel, and their friendship blossomed. They began writing poetry together. Their collaborative effort led to the publication of the poem "Stri Darpan" in a magazine. These times were marked by the promotion of Hindi, and poetry gatherings gained popularity. The author attended these gatherings and received awards. 

Life in the hostel was like a close-knit family, transcending caste and creed. Mutual love and respect prevailed, and students from different regions conversed in their native languages. They dined together and recited prayers. Despite differences, unity thrived. The author's family lived near Begum Sahiba's family, and both families shared a strong bond, treating each other as relatives.

When the author's younger brother was born, Begum Sahiba adopted him, naming him "Manmohan." He later became a professor and even held positions at universities.

Chapter 7: Saakhiyan And Sabad

Sant Kabir is a precious gem in Hindi literature. There are many discussions about when Sant Kabir was born and when he passed away. Most people agree that he was born in Kashi in 1398 and passed away around 1518 near a village in Maghar. Kabir did not go to school, but he wrote about what he learned from traveling and talking about spirituality. All his creations are in the Kabir Granthavali, and a few are also in the Guru Granth Sahib. Kabir followed the "Nirgun" tradition, which means believing in a formless God and not worshiping any deity in a physical form. Kabir was a kind and fearless saint who believed in the equality of all religions. He opposed lies and discrimination based on caste or religion. His poems talk about loving God, understanding, knowing oneself, respecting teachers, and leaving behind worldly pleasures.

In the NCERT solutions for Class 9 Hindi Kshitij Chapter 9, there's a section called "Sakhiyan" where Kabir discusses the importance of love, rejecting pride, and valuing knowledge. He talks about how God resides within us and praises the power of knowledge. He explains that through knowledge, humans can overcome their weaknesses.

In one example, he speaks about swans in a lake, teaching us that by surrendering to God, we can find freedom. Just as the swans find joy in picking pearls in a sacred lake, if we dedicate ourselves to God, we can attain a state of transcendence.

Kabir emphasizes that true devotees of God don't discriminate based on caste or religion. He laments the lack of honest devotees.

He encourages people to break free from conventional thinking and do remarkable things, even if others disapprove. Kabir advises focusing on goals and staying determined during tough times.

In the "Sabad" section of NCERT Solutions Class 9 Hindi Kshitij Chapter 9, Kabir talks about God being present everywhere. People search for God in places of worship, but true worship comes from honesty and sincerity. He warns that greed, selfishness, and ill feelings prevent spiritual growth.

Kabir likens knowledge to a powerful storm that destroys illusions. He describes how false roofs built on greed collapse when knowledge enters the mind.

He explains that saints build a strong roof through meditation and detachment. Those under this roof are protected and on the path to moksha. The storm of knowledge is followed by a shower of love that washes away pain and negativity from hearts.

Chapter 8: Vakh

Lal Ghad was born around 1320 in the village of Pampore in Kashmir. Names like Lalleshwari, Lala, Lalayogeshwari, and Lalarifa also know her. She was a poet and devotee of the 14th century, known for her devotion to the Shaivite tradition and her valuable contributions to the Kashmiri language. In the development of Kashmiri culture and the formation of religious and social beliefs of the people of Kashmir, Lal Ghad holds a significant place.

Lal Ghad's poetic style is called "Vakhs," and her poems are a unique blend of contemplation and emotion. Through her "Vakhs," she openly challenged the prevalent religious practices of her time. Her language is incredibly simple, which makes her messages impactful. Lal Ghad is considered a key pillar of the modern Kashmiri language.

In the collection of Vakhs presented by Meera Kanth Ji, Lal Ghad conveys that seeking God in temples or mosques won't yield results. She believes that the true path to connect with God lies within oneself. To attain God, one needs to look within their heart sincerely. She emphasizes that self-awareness is true knowledge and the only way to avoid getting lost in societal illusions. Lal Ghad rejected religious and caste-based differences and preached about the universality of God. She believed that through righteous actions, one could break free from the cycle of worldly attachments.

Lal Ghad's teachings underline that genuine knowledge comes from self-awareness and detachment from the ego. She promotes the idea that through righteous actions, we can liberate ourselves from worldly illusions. According to her, only through shedding our ego can we truly perform righteous actions. Lal Ghad's wisdom teaches us that true liberation comes from realizing our inner self and performing good deeds with a pure heart.

Chapter 9: Savaiye

Life of Ras Khan: Ras Khan was a Muslim poet devoted to Lord Krishna. He was born around 1548 in Delhi, and his passing is believed to have occurred around 1628. His original name was Sayyid Ibrahim. Poet Ras Khan is one of the prominent figures of the devotional poetry movement. He is historically referred to as the 'Treasury of Emotions'. In his poetry, both devotion and romantic sentiment are interwoven. Ras Khan was a Krishna devotee, showing reverence to both the manifested and unmanifested forms of Krishna. His verses are filled with adoration for Krishna's form, the love of Radha and Krishna, the love between the gopis and Krishna, and descriptions of Krishna's flute, earrings, and eyes.

"Sujaan Ras Khan" and "Prem Vatika" are his major works. His compositions can be found in the "RasKhan Rachnavali" collection. Among the Krishna-devotee poets, Ras Khan holds a significant position. He used the Braj language beautifully, devoid of any unnecessary complexity. Ras Khan's "Savaiye" reveals his deep connection with Krishna and Vrindavan, the land of Krishna's divine play. In the first "Savaiya," the poet presents his devotion as an example. He asserts that God remains indifferent whether one is human, animal, bird, or even a stone; what truly matters is a deep connection with Krishna.

In this manner, Ras Khan's "Savaiyas" reflect his immense love and devotion towards Krishna. In his second "Savaiya," he describes Krishna's love for Vrindavan and emphasizes how he can give up all worldly pleasures for the sake of Braj.

Chapter 10: Kaidi Aur Kokila

Life of Makhanlal Chaturvedi: Makhanlal Chaturvedi was a renowned poet, writer, and journalist from Madhya Pradesh, India. He was born in the village of Babai in the Hoshangabad district around 1889. After receiving primary education, he gained knowledge of languages such as Sanskrit, Bengali, English, and Gujarati at home. He was known for his simplicity in language and passionate emotions in his unique Hindi compositions. Makhanlal Chaturvedi was an influential figure in India's freedom struggle, advocating against British colonial rule. He played a significant role as an editor for newspapers like "Prabha" and "Karmaveer," spreading strong anti-colonial messages and urging the younger generation to break free from the chains of slavery. He was a true patriot and actively participated in the Non-Cooperation Movement of 1921-22, for which he even faced imprisonment.

His poems resonate with both patriotism and a deep connection to nature and love. Some of his prominent works include "Him Kirine," "Sahitya Devata," "Him Tarangini," and "Venu Lo Gooje Dhara," among others. Makhanlal Chaturvedi was not only a prolific poet but also engaged in teaching and editing throughout his life. He was honored with awards like the 'Deva Puraskar,' Padma Bhushan, and the Sahitya Akademi Award. In his poems, he emphasized emotion over form, which led him to use colloquial language, making his creations relatable and impactful.

His poem "Kaidi Aur Kokila" was written during a time when the country was trapped under the chains of British rule. Makhanlal Chaturvedi himself was a freedom fighter and was imprisoned multiple times for his involvement in the struggle. During his time in jail, he realized the harsh treatment freedom fighters endured, which led him to write this poem and bring awareness about the mistreatment of prisoners. Through his writings, he conveyed the suffering and the ill-treatment experienced by the freedom fighters during their imprisonment.

Chapter 11: Gram Shree

Life of Sumitra Nandan Pant: Sumitra Nandan Pant was a prominent poet of the Chhayavad era in Hindi literature. He was born in the village of Kausani in the Almora district of Uttarakhand in 1900. He began his early education in Almora and later moved to Varanasi with his younger brother in 1918 to study at Queen's College. However, during the Non-Cooperation Movement of 1921, he left college in response to Mahatma Gandhi's call to boycott British educational institutions and started studying Hindi, Sanskrit, Bengali, and English literature at home. He passed away on December 28, 1977.

At the age of seven, while still in fourth grade, he started writing poetry. In 1926-27, his famous poetry collection 'Pallav' was published. Some of his other notable poetic works include 'Granthi', 'Gunjan', 'Gramya', 'Yugant', 'Svarnakiran', 'Svarnadhuli', 'Kala Aur Budha Chand', 'Lokayatan', 'Chidambara', 'Satyakam', and more.

Sumitra Nandan Pant was honored with prestigious awards such as the Padma Bhushan (1961), the Jnanpith Award (1968), the Sahitya Akademi Award, and the Soviet Land Nehru Award for his contributions to Hindi literature. His early poems often depicted the beauty of nature, while his later works delved into the subtleties of Chhayavad and delicate emotions.

In his later poems, Pant's expression of progressive ideas and thoughtful sentiments through precise words earned him the title of a "word sculptor" or "Shabd-Shilpi" due to his profound impact on Hindi literature.

Explanation of the poem "Gram Shree" from Class 9: In the poem "Gram Shree," the poet vividly describes the natural beauty of a village. He paints a picturesque scene of lush fields, gardens, and the banks of the Ganga River. Even if you've never seen the charm and abundance of a village in your lifetime, reading this poem allows you to imagine what it might be like. The fields filled with crops will appear as if a green blanket has spread far and wide. When dewdrops fall on them and the sun's rays touch them, they glisten like silver.

The sight of new crops like wheat, barley, and mustard seems as if nature has adorned itself. The fragrance of mango and jamun blossoms perfumes the entire village. The Ganga's riverside view is equally enchanting. Life near the water and on land is bustling with activity. For example, the heron catches fish by the riverside, carefully grooming itself. Through this poem, the poet introduces us to the exquisite natural beauty of the village.

Chapter 12: Megh Aaye

Life of Sarveshwar Dayal Saxena: Sarveshwar Dayal Saxena was primarily a poet and writer. He was born on September 15, 1927, in the Basti district of Uttar Pradesh. He completed his M.A. in Hindi from Banaras Hindu University in Allahabad. Throughout his life, he was not only a poet and writer but also a journalist and playwright. He believed that a country without rich children's literature could not have a bright future. With this visionary perspective, he even edited a children's magazine called 'Dinman.' After overseeing the work of 'Dinman,' he comprehended the challenges faced by contemporary journalism and made an unparalleled contribution to raising social awareness. His major works include 'Khuntyon Par Tange Log' (poetry collection), 'Pagal Kutte Ka Masiha' (short novel), 'Bakri' (play), 'Batuta Ka Joota' (children's literature), and more. For his contributions to literature, he was honored with the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1983.

In Saxena's writings, both rural and urban life are depicted, and his language is Hindi, his works are quite accessible to the common people. In his poem "Gram Shree," he magnificently describes the natural beauty and cultural essence of rural life. He uses a vivid comparison of clouds arriving gracefully to that of an esteemed guest. Just as the arrival of a son-in-law brings waves of joy to the village, similarly, after scorching heat, the arrival of rain clouds rejuvenates and delights people.

When the clouds come, the wind carries away the dust, rivers become turbulent, and lightning crackles in the sky. Trees sway with the wind. The poet draws parallels between these events and the preparations for a guest's (son-in-law's) arrival in the village. Creatively, he draws similarities between the activities associated with clouds in the sky and the preparations made for the guest's arrival.

He describes how the wind causes dust to rise, the river water becomes agitated, lightning flashes, and trees bend. Similarly, the sisters-in-law follow the son-in-law, women peek at him from behind doors, and the elderly show respect and hospitality. Sarveshwar Dayal Saxena's writing style encompasses a mix of rural and urban life, reflecting his appreciation for the beauty of nature. His poems are widely cherished for their simplicity, and he effectively brings out the imagery of rural life through his Hindi language skills.

Chapter 13: Bachche Kaam Par Ja Rahe hain

Introduction to Rajesh Joshi: Rajesh Joshi was born in 1946 in the Narsingh district of Madhya Pradesh, India. He pursued his degrees in M.Sc. and M.A. and then started working in a bank. Right after completing his education, he ventured into journalism. Apart from writing poetry, Rajesh Joshi also wrote stories, plays, articles, and commentaries. He even tried his hand at scriptwriting for some plays and short films. His poetry has been translated and published in several Indian languages, as well as in English, Russian, and German. His poems not only provide solace during difficult times but also instill faith and hope.

Rajesh Joshi has been honored with various prestigious awards, including the Shamsher Samman, Pahal Samman, Madhya Pradesh Government's Shikhar Samman, and the Makhanlal Chaturvedi Award. His poems are rooted in the local language and dialect, making them relatable to a wide audience. Within his poetic creations, there is a continuous struggle to maintain humanity along with intimacy and rhythm. Despite the threats that seem to loom over the world in Rajesh Joshi's works, there is an eagerness to explore the possibilities of life.

Throughout his poetry, Rajesh Joshi has consistently addressed human suffering, particularly that of children and women. Even in this presented poem, the poet expresses his concern about children who are forced to work from a young age to earn their livelihoods. They are deprived of opportunities for education and play. This loss of childhood deeply troubles the poet. He questions why young children are engaged in work instead of attending school.

He portrays a scenario where children, instead of enjoying their childhood, are compelled to work to fulfill their basic needs. He paints a vivid picture of the disappearance of toys, books, and play spaces, which leads children to work. However, this portrayal is far from the truth, as everything necessary for a joyful childhood still exists. Therefore, the poet's concern deepens.

Rajesh Joshi's poetic expression is fueled by his anger towards child labor. He firmly believes that this practice is unjust and raises questions about the role of government and society in addressing this issue. His poem not only highlights the wrongness of child labor but also aims to raise awareness and inspire change. Through his words, he becomes a voice for the marginalized, urging society to provide children with their right to education and a proper childhood.

How to score more marks in Hindi (Kshitij) in the Class 9th Examination?

For many students, Hindi is considered an easy subject, but when it comes to writing exams, not every student can craft perfect answers. Since Hindi is a subjective paper, students need to grasp the art of including the right amount of information in their responses to secure maximum marks. It's quite valuable to delve into eSaral’s NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Hindi Kshitij, as they provide insights into crafting both short and long answers within the assigned time limits. Efficient time management is paramount during exams, and this holds particularly true for subjective papers like Hindi, where you're required to tackle all the questions.

Developing a list of essential keywords to incorporate into your answers can significantly enhance your exam scores. Sometimes, examiners solely seek these keywords, especially in lengthy answers. The NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Hindi Kshitij provided by eSaral is a valuable resource for identifying all the crucial keywords that can elevate your responses.

Regular revision is a key practice. Once you've read the chapters and worked through the questions in your NCERT textbook, Hindi doesn't demand excessive study time. Nonetheless, it's a good idea to skim through your notes once or twice a week to maintain a strong grasp of the material in your memory.

In crafting your answers, avoid the temptation of using ornate language. Simplicity is key. If you're uncertain about a word, it's best to omit it from your responses. Clarity and precision matter more than showcasing an extensive vocabulary.

In conclusion, while Hindi might appear straightforward to some, excelling in its exams requires strategic planning and consistent practice. By referring to eSaral’s NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Hindi Kshitij, building a list of keywords, revising regularly, and maintaining simple language, students can enhance their performance in Hindi exams and achieve impressive results.

Frequently Asked Questions

Question 1: Tips for preparing the study plan for the class 9 Hindi examination?

Answer 1: Understand the Syllabus: First, go through your syllabus to know what topics you need to cover. This will help you organize your study time better.

Set Goals: Break down your syllabus into smaller sections and set goals for each study session. This will make your study plan more manageable and less overwhelming.

Allocate Time: Decide how much time you'll devote to studying each day. Create a timetable that includes time for each subject, including Hindi.

Prioritize Weak Areas: Identify the topics you find challenging and allocate more time to them. Practice these topics regularly to improve your understanding.

Use Resources: Gather your textbooks, notes, and any reference materials you might need. You can also use online resources like eSaral's NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Hindi to clarify doubts.

Practice Regularly: Regular practice is key to mastering Hindi. Solve previous years' question papers and sample papers to understand the exam pattern and types of questions.

Revision: Allocate time for revision in your study plan. Regularly revisiting what you've learned helps retain information.

Time Management: Be realistic about the time you can spend on each topic. Don't rush through things. Allow time for breaks to avoid burnout.

Healthy Routine: Maintain a healthy routine. Get enough sleep, eat well, and exercise. A healthy body supports a healthy mind.



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