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NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Hindi - Sparsh

JEE Mains & Advanced

The textbook is divided into two parts: Prose and Poetry. The writing part has 5 chapters, organized to help students understand different types of prose writing and learn about Hindi grammar. In Class 9, there are 5 poems in the Sparsh Book.

Some of the best modern Indian poets, like Ramdhari Singh Dinkar and Harivansh Rai Bachchan, have written amazing poems that are part of the syllabus. These poets' work is included to help students strengthen their language skills and do well in their Hindi exams.

Class 9 is really important because it gets students ready for the next class and even for their first board exam. Students have to study for many exams, but they usually don't have much time. This is why using Class 9 Hindi Sparsh NCERT Solutions by eSaral is so important. Having the right solutions for Class 9 Hindi Sparsh can help students get used to the kinds of questions that might come in the final exam.

For many students, Hindi is their second language, and they'll have it in higher classes too. So, they need to practice and understand the subject well. The Sparsh solutions give you all the questions and answers you need. Studying these solutions can make you feel more confident and help you get higher marks. Try your best to cover all the chapters in the NCERT solutions for Class 9 Sparsh Hindi.

In addition to understanding poems and prose, students will also learn how to write answers correctly using the Hindi Class 9 Sparsh Solutions. If you're having trouble finding the solutions for Sparsh Class 9 Hindi NCERT, don't worry. The skilled team of experts at eSaral is there to help you. They can assist you in getting the right answers and understanding the concepts. To make things even better, students have the option to Class 9 Sparsh Hindi book NCERT solutions PDF download from eSaral without any cost! This means you can access these helpful solutions without any extra expense.

For those students who prefer to focus on specific chapters, the PDF includes separate sections for each chapter. This makes it easy to locate the solutions for the chapters you're studying. Inside the Class 9 Hindi Sparsh PDF, you'll find explanations provided by experienced teachers. These explanations are detailed and easy to understand, making your preparation smoother. Studying with these solutions gives you a competitive edge and helps you perform well in your exams. You can even use the solutions PDF to review and revisit important topics just before your exams. This is a great way to refresh your memory and boost your confidence.
It's not just about the exercise questions; you'll also find additional questions in the solutions PDF. These extra questions are designed to enhance your preparation, ensuring that you're thoroughly ready for your exams.

In a nutshell, the Hindi Class 9 Sparsh Solutions offers a comprehensive resource to aid your studies. They guide you in crafting accurate answers, understanding concepts clearly, and excelling in your exams. With the convenience of Sparsh Class 9 NCERT Solutions free PDF and expert explanations, eSaral's solutions are a valuable tool for Class 9 students aiming for success in their Hindi exams.

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Hindi - Sparsh

Before starting to work on the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Hindi Sparsh, there are a few important things that students need to know. One of the important tasks is to become familiar with each chapter of the Hindi NCERT book.

Students need to read and understand every chapter thoroughly. The knowledge gained from this reading will be advantageous in writing the NCERT Class 9 Hindi Sparsh solutions. However, sometimes students might forget the details of the stories and find it hard to read the whole chapter again due to time constraints.

In such situations, students can create summaries for each chapter. These summaries will help students remember the main story of each chapter, making it easier to write the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Hindi Sparsh. To provide further assistance, we have put together a list that contains summaries of every single chapter, which is provided below. So, students should follow the NCERT guide for Class 9 Hindi Sparsh closely. This will help them understand and answer the questions effectively, leading to better results.

Below is the list of Chapters included in the CBSE Class 9 Hindi textbook- Sparsh.

Gadhya Khand

Chapter 1: Dukh ka Adhikar by Yashpal

Chapter 2: Everest - Meri Shikhar Yatra by Bachendri Pal 

Chapter 3: Tum Kab Jaoge, Atithi by Sharad Joshi

Chapter 4: Vaigyanik Chetna Ke Wahak C.V. Raman by Dhiranjan Malvey

Chapter 5: Shukra Tare Ke Samaan by Swami Anand

Kavya Khand

Chapter 6: Raidas Ke Pad

Chapter 7: Rahim Ke Dohe

Chapter 8: Geet Ageet by Ramdhari Singh Dinkar

Chapter 9: Agnipath by Harivansh Rai Bachchan

Chapter 10: Arun Kamal

Here is the summary of each chapter contained in the CBSE Class 9 Hindi textbook- Sparsh.

Chapter 1: Dukh ka Adhikar by Yashpal

According to the author, the way people dress reflects their social status and influences their rights and status in society. However, the author points out that sometimes situations arise in society where those in higher social classes want to understand the feelings of those in lower classes, but their attire becomes a barrier to truly understanding their emotions.

The author describes an incident where he saw a scene in the market. He noticed some watermelons placed in a basket on the sidewalk, while a middle-aged woman sat nearby crying. The author notes that although the watermelons were put there to be sold, how could someone approach to buy them when the woman selling them had covered her face with clothes and buried her head in her knees, sobbing profusely?

The author's heart ached for the woman, but he struggled to understand the reason behind her tears. He realized that his higher social status created a barrier between him and her – he belonged to a higher class, and she belonged to a lower one.

A man nearby spat in disgust and commented on the woman's situation, showing a lack of empathy. Another man with a beard suggested that what one intends, God grants, implying that people reap what they sow.

Yet another man, standing on the pavement, scratched his ear with a matchstick and commented on the lower class, claiming that for them, everything revolves around food – relationships, faith, everything. The author's curiosity was piqued, and he tried to gather information about the woman. He learned that she had a son who was tilling a piece of land nearby, struggling to provide for the family.

One day, while selecting ripe watermelons from the fields, the son accidentally stepped on a snake and was fatally bitten. The woman's heart-wrenching cries echoed in the air. The author felt sorry for her, realizing that while a living person could endure nakedness, how could a deceased person be left unclothed? Clothing was necessary for the final journey.

The woman's life turned for the worse after her son's death. With her husband also gone, she had nothing but a small amount of grain and some money left, which she donated for a ritual. The author highlights the struggle for survival and the challenges faced by the woman after losing her son.

The author concludes that while a living person can manage even without clothes, it's impossible to bid farewell to a deceased person without proper attire. In moments of despair, when there seems to be no wise solution, restlessness builds, and strides become quicker. The author was walking with his nose up in the air, passing those on his path and contemplating the need for facilities to mourn and express grief in society. He realized that even the right to sorrow has significance.

Chapter 2: Everest - Meri Shikhar Yatra by Bachendri Pal 

Writer Bachendri Pal was a member of the Everest expedition team that set off from Delhi to Kathmandu on March 7, 1984. An advanced team reached the 'Base Camp' before our arrival, clearing the route of emerging snow and ice. The author mentioned Namche Bazaar, where the breathtaking view of Everest's natural beauty can be observed. Here, the author encountered a massive flower made of snow, known as a "plum." According to the author, this snow flower could have been up to 10 km long.

The team members of the expedition arrived at a place called Paririch on March 26, where they began encountering natural disasters affecting climbers and caravans. On the same day, Premchand Paririch, who had previously been part of the advanced team, returned. He reported that the route up to Camp 1 at 6,000 meters had been entirely cleared. On the second and third days, and by the fourth day, members Ang Dorjee, Gagan Bisssa, and Lopsang reached South Col. On April 29, at an altitude of 7,900 meters, they set up Camp 4.

On May 15-16, 1984, on the snowy slope of Lhotse, during the full moon of Buddha Purnima, Bachendri Pal was in Camp 3, situated amidst a beautiful range of nylon tents. The camp accommodated ten people. Upon reaching South Col Camp, the author began preparing for the crucial climb. Amidst all the preparations, the expedition continued, the mountaineering team kept moving forward, and on May 23, 1984, at one o'clock in the afternoon, Bachendri Pal reached the summit of Everest.

Chapter 3: Tum Kab Jaoge, Atithi by Sharad Joshi

An unexpected guest has arrived at the writer's house. The writer and their spouse have taken care of the guest with utmost respect and hospitality. This kind of treatment is because they expect the guest to leave soon after arriving. However, the guest is not showing any signs of leaving. The writer is now worried that the guest might stay for many more days. The writer's fear comes true when the guest hints at staying for a few more days. The guest mentions their dirty clothes and discusses giving them to a laundryman for washing, which annoys the writer. Nevertheless, the writer decides to get the clothes washed at the laundry. But even now, there's no guarantee that the guest will leave. The writer and their spouse are getting quite frustrated with the guest.

Previously, the writer had a respectful and divine perspective towards guests, but now, due to the guest's extended stay, the writer's perception is shifting towards considering the guest as demanding and troublesome. Through this satire, the writer highlights the lack of consideration in today's guests. Respect isn't gained by simply demanding it; it's earned through one's behavior and conduct. The writer also conveys that while staying at others' homes and receiving respect is pleasing, it doesn't mean everyone should start living in others' houses. Moreover, just because someone gains respect in someone else's house doesn't mean they should become arrogant. Respect can't be achieved by demanding it. If guests want respect without asking for it, they should be cautious and not overstay their welcome. The wrong behavior of a guest might lead to the host asking them to leave. This satirical composition truly outlines the joint code of conduct for guests and hosts.

Chapter 4: Vaigyanik Chetna Ke Wahak C.V. Raman by Dhiranjan Malvey

The presented passage portrays the struggles of the first Indian scientist to win the Nobel Prize in the text titled "Ramn: Bearer of Scientific Consciousness." At the age of eleven, Venkatraman earned gold medals in physics and English during his intermediate exams, and he continued his academic excellence by completing his B.A. and M.A. with first-class honors by the age of eighteen. At just eighteen, he was appointed as Assistant Accountant General in the Finance Department of the Indian government in Kolkata. His exceptional talents impressed not only his professors but also his peers.

Chandrasekhar Venkatraman was a visionary of scientific progress in India and an advocate for the country's independence. He considered Mahatma Gandhi as his close friend and admired him greatly. Following his Nobel Prize ceremony, during a banquet, he said, "I have received the highest felicitations from my dearest friend, who is currently in jail, Mahatma Gandhi." The passage depicts the journey of Ramn's life, from a brilliant student to a distinguished scientist, offering insights into his achievements.

The passage explains that in the year 1921, Ramn was on a sea voyage, and he loved observing the blue sea from the ship's deck, showcasing his deep affinity for nature. Alongside this appreciation, there was a strong curiosity about scientific phenomena. This led him to ponder, "Why is the sea blue and not any other color?" This question sparked his journey to explore the answer scientifically, which eventually gained him global recognition. Ramn was born on November 7, 1888, in Thiruvallur, Tamil Nadu. His father nurtured his interest in mathematics and physics since childhood, and his insatiable curiosity for scientific mysteries was evident.

During his college days, he started showing research interest. He aspired to devote his life entirely to research, but back then, there was no established system to pursue a research career. Nonetheless, he joined the financial services of the government and excelled there. He was also drawn to musical instruments, particularly Indian ones. He wanted to prove that Indian musical instruments were scientifically on par with their Western counterparts. Raman was appointed as a professor at the University of Calcutta, but the decision to leave his comfortable government job for a university position was not easy. He chose to follow his passion and joined the university, becoming a renowned scientist. The passage reveals his determination, resilience, and dedication to scientific exploration.

The provided passage describes the struggles and achievements of the first Indian scientist to win the Nobel Prize, Sir C. V. Raman, in a vivid manner. It begins with his early life and education, highlighting his brilliance in academics, earning gold medals, and joining the government's finance department. Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman, born on November 7, 1888, had a deep curiosity about the nature of light.

He embarked on a sea voyage in 1921, during which he observed the blue color of the sea and pondered the reason behind it. This curiosity led him to investigate the phenomenon of scattering, which eventually resulted in his discovery of the Raman Effect. This groundbreaking research showcased the interaction between light and matter, revealing the internal structure of atoms and molecules. Raman's work confirmed Einstein's notion that light was made up of tiny particles called photons.

Raman's dedication to research and his commitment to understanding the mysteries of light brought him global recognition. His experiments confirmed Einstein's concept and showed that the energy of red light was the least, while violet light had the most energy. Raman's research on the scattering of light proved crucial in unveiling the inner composition of particles. He introduced the concept of "protons" as subatomic particles.

His studies also made complex scientific ideas more accessible, especially through Raman Spectroscopy, which helped analyze atomic and molecular structures. This technique proved pivotal in various applications, from material analysis to creating useful substances. Raman's accomplishments brought him accolades, including the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930, making him the first Indian scientist to achieve this honor. His discoveries continue to inspire scientists worldwide, emphasizing the importance of combining scientific curiosity with a deep connection to nature.

In his life, Raman remained rooted in his Indian heritage, never allowing fame to diminish his identity. His legacy lives on as an emblem of scientific curiosity, reminding us to explore the hidden wonders of nature. Just as Raman's insights illuminated the secrets concealed within light and matter, there are countless mysteries around us waiting to be uncovered. The passage concludes by highlighting that the path of Raman's life serves as a beacon of inspiration to unveil the hidden scientific mysteries within the realms of nature.

Chapter 5: Shukra Tare Ke Samaan by Swami Anand

The author conveys that there is something unique about Venus among the stars in the sky. During the era of India's freedom, Bhai Mahadev Ji shone like Venus, captivating our sky, the nation, and the world, but suddenly, like the setting of a Venus star, he passed away. The author further explains that Mahadev Ji was Gandhi Ji's secretary, devoted to the service of humanity, and he was even more than a son to Gandhi Ji. During the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in 1919, Mahadev Ji was arrested along with Gandhi Ji at Palwal station. He was considered Gandhi Ji's successor.

The author notes that during Gandhi Ji's time, many victims of injustices and atrocities would gather at the Manibhavan in Gamdevi to share their stories. Mahadev Ji would carefully listen to their accounts, summarize them, and present them to Gandhi Ji, arranging meetings for them. He also mentions that Shankar Lal Bankar, Ummer Sobani, and Jamnadas Dwarkadas were prominent leaders in Bombay. They were avid followers of Mahadev Ji and Gandhi Ji, actively participating in the freedom struggle.

Shankar Lal Bankar, Ummer Sobani, and Jamnadas Dwarkadas held Gandhi Ji and Mahadev Ji in high regard, and they were key figures in the civil disobedience movement. Mahadev Ji was the editor of the English magazine "Young India." The author emphasizes that Mahadev Ji's precise and beautiful handwriting left an indelible impression on everyone who read his letters.

Even though British rule prevailed in India during those times, it was difficult to find anyone who could write as beautifully and elegantly as Mahadev Ji. The author praises Mahadev Ji's dedication to meticulously documenting all discussions in his distinctive handwriting. He recalls that Gandhi Ji would ask people who came for meetings to consult Mahadev Ji's notes before confirming decisions.

The author also remarks on Mahadev Ji's flawless handwriting, which fascinated anyone who read it, including the Viceroy. He mentions that Gandhi Ji often required the verification of Mahadev Ji's meticulously written notes during discussions. Despite any potential errors or omissions, Mahadev Ji's diaries and notebooks remained impeccable.

The author recounts how Gandhi Ji always instructed visitors to cross-reference their discussions with Mahadev Ji's written notes. He likened Mahadev Ji's role to purifying gold from the vast territories of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, comparing the Ganga and Yamuna rivers that cleanse the precious metal.

In this way, Mahadev Ji's thorough documentation served as a valuable resource for Gandhi Ji and the national movement. Just as rivers cleanse gold, Mahadev Ji's meticulous note-taking purified the discussions and decisions of the freedom struggle.

If someone walks a hundred miles along the edges of these fields, they won't find a stone worthy of throwing on the path. Similarly, anyone who came into contact with Mahadev would find no offense or hurt, as even the sharpest thorn or pebble could never prick or disturb him due to his gentle nature. The author asserts that his pure disposition radiated an aura akin to the brightness of the moon and Venus as if bathing people in milk.

The author describes how Mahadev's charm would linger in the minds of those who interacted with him for days. His life and work were so intertwined with Gandhi that it was nearly impossible to imagine him separately from Gandhi. In 1934-35, after living in the women's ashram in Wardha and Maganwadi, Gandhi suddenly moved to a tree on the border of Sevagram. He built huts there, gradually constructing houses, and during this time, Mahadev, along with Durga Bai and Chhaganlal Narayan, stayed in Maganwadi. From there, they would walk to Sevagram in the scorching heat, and return in the evening on foot.

According to the author, they covered a total of 11 miles daily. This routine continued for a long time. The cumulative adverse effect of this routine might have contributed to Mahadev's untimely death. The author believes that Mahadev's wound of passing away was always present in Gandhi's heart, even when he was alive.

They would often repeat a line from Bhartrihari's hymn: 'Hey wound, you won't heal with time.' Even years later, when Gandhi had something to say to Pyarelal Ji, 'Mahadev' would suddenly escape his lips.

Chapter 6: Raidas Ke Pad

Here, two verses of Ravidas have been taken. In the first verse, the poet describes the state of a devotee when the color of devotion to their beloved fills them. The poet implies that once the color of devotion to the Divine saturates a devotee, it becomes impossible for them to distance themselves from that devotion. The poet compares the devotee to water if the Lord is sandalwood – once sandalwood's fragrance is immersed in water, it becomes inseparable. Just as the fragrance of sandalwood permeates each drop of water, similarly, the devotion to the Divine pervades every part of the devotee's being.

If the Lord is a cloud, the devotee is like a peacock that dances upon seeing a cloud. If the Lord is the moon, the devotee is like the chakor bird that continuously gazes at the moon without blinking. If the Lord is a lamp, the devotee is like its wick, providing constant light day and night. The poet continues to address the Lord, comparing the devotee to a string adorned with pearls if the Lord is a pearl. The devotee becomes like that string, having a profound impact. If the Lord is the master, the poet is a servant.

In the second verse, the poet extols the glory of the Divine. The poet asserts that the Divine is compassionate towards the poor and distressed, and the crown upon their head enhances their splendor. The Divine possesses immense power, capable of achieving anything, while nothing is possible without them. Even the untouchables become blessed through the touch of the Divine, as the Divine can elevate anyone, regardless of their background. The poet provides examples of saints like Namdev, Kabir, Trilochan, Sadhna, and Sain who were uplifted by the Divine, and suggests that the same Divine will uplift others as well. The poet encourages virtuous individuals to understand that through the Divine, everything is possible in this world.

Chapter 7: Rahim Ke Dohe

In the following passage, Rahim's moral couplets (dohas) are presented. Each of these couplets is connected to some situation in our lives. These dohas not only teach us how to behave and interact with others but also provide guidance on conduct that is worthy and unworthy. Once these dohas are read, they become unforgettable, and they become necessary to recall when facing various situations in life.

In the first two couplets, Rahim Ji states that the bond of love is like a thread that should never be broken hastily, just as a thread, once snapped, cannot be easily rejoined. Similarly, when a relationship is broken, it cannot be mended as before. In the third couplet, Rahim Ji advises doing one task at a time. Just as a plant can only bear flowers and fruits when its roots are given a sufficient amount of water, focusing on multiple goals at once leads to futile efforts. In the fourth couplet, Rahim Ji mentions that Lord Rama went to Chitrakoot during his exile, as one seeks shelter where there's heavy calamity.

In the fifth couplet, Rahim Ji suggests that although his couplets are short in words, they hold deep meanings that can convey much. In the sixth couplet, Rahim Ji compares a bit of water in mud to a treasure, as it quenches the thirst of countless small creatures. Similarly, a large amount of water in an ocean remains futile as it cannot quench the thirst of any creature. In the seventh couplet, Rahim Ji advises that when someone gives you something, you have to reciprocate. In the eighth couplet, Rahim Ji states that when something goes wrong, despite all efforts, it cannot be rectified. As once milk curdles, it cannot yield butter again.

In the ninth couplet, Rahim Ji suggests that we should not underestimate the value of small things even when we possess bigger ones, as often the small things are more valuable in certain situations. In the tenth couplet, Rahim Ji states that your wealth can help you overcome your troubles, as during difficulties, nobody stands by you. In the final couplet, Rahim uses water in three ways – indicating that just as flour cannot be kneaded without water, and pearls' value lies in their luster, similarly, a person must always maintain a demeanor of humility (water) which makes life meaningful.

Chapter 8: Geet Ageet by Ramdhari Singh Dinkar

Renowned Hindi poet Ramdhari Singh Dinkar was born on September 23, 1908, in Simariya, Munger, as the son of a humble farmer. Unfortunately, when Dinkar was just two years old, his father passed away. His widowed mother took care of him and his siblings. He spent his entire life in the village, and that's why his poems beautifully describe the beauty of rural life.

Dinkar pursued his education in history, philosophy, and political science from Patna University. He delved into the study of Sanskrit, Bengali, English, and Urdu languages.

Ramdhari Singh Dinkar composed poems that protested against social and economic inequalities and exploitation. His notable works include "Rashmirathi" and "Parshuram Ki Pratiksha." His early works include three poetry collections: 'Renuka' (1935), 'Hunkar' (1938), and 'Rasavanti' (1939). These reflect his initial self-introspection period.

Dinkar received recognition for his contributions. He was honored by the Kashi Nagari Pracharini Sabha, the Uttar Pradesh government, and the Government of India for his poem "Kurukshetra." He was awarded the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1959 for "Sanskriti Ke Char Adhyay." India's first President, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, conferred upon him the Padma Vibhushan in 1959. In 1972, he was honored with the Jnanpith Award for his poetry "Urvashi."

Dinkar's poem "Geet Ageet" brilliantly captures the essence of nature through the metaphor of singing and unsung songs. He sees nature as a music composer and expresses its emotions through visible and hidden feelings. The poem portrays a river, a parrot, and a lover singing different types of songs. On one hand, the river and the surroundings of its banks are depicted, while on the other, the focus is on the concealed emotions of the rose tree, the female parrot, and the lover.

Dinkar's poem emphasizes that even inanimate objects and creatures possess emotions. He portrays nature as a melodious composer, and its emotions are expressed through these "sung" and "unsung" songs.

In essence, Ramdhari Singh Dinkar's literary contributions have brought to life the sentiments of various aspects of nature and human emotions. His ability to portray nature's beauty and express human feelings made him one of the most celebrated poets in Hindi literature.

Chapter 9: Agnipath by Harivansh Rai Bachchan

Harivansh Rai Bachchan was born on November 27, 1907, in a small village called Babupatti in the Pratapgarh district, near Allahabad. His father's name was Pratap Narayan Shrivastava, and his mother's name was Saraswati Devi. During his childhood, his parents affectionately called him 'Bachchan,' which means 'child' or 'offspring.' Later, he became well-known by the same name. He received his early education in Urdu at a Kayastha Pathshala, where learning Urdu was considered a first step towards pursuing a law degree. He went on to pursue an M.A. in English from Allahabad University and researched the poems of the renowned English poet W. B. Yeats to complete his Ph.D. from Cambridge University.

Harivansh Rai Bachchan served as a professor in the English department of Allahabad University for many years. He was associated with literary programs on All India Radio for a while. In 1955, he joined the Ministry of External Affairs as a Hindi specialist and moved to Delhi.

He wrote his poems with simplicity, courage, and truthfulness. His compositions express individual emotions, national consciousness, and philosophical insights. Through his poems, he cleverly mocked the political scenarios, social inequalities, and wrongdoings of his time.

His work "Madhushala" (The House of Wine) received the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1968. In the same year, he was also honored with the Soviet Land Nehru Award and the Lotus Award from the Afro-Asian Writers' Conference. The Birla Foundation bestowed upon him the Saraswati Samman for his autobiography. In 1976, the Government of India honored him with the Padma Bhushan for his contributions to literature and education.

In his poem "Agnipath" (The Path of Fire), Harivansh Rai Bachchan conveyed the message that life is a struggle. He emphasized that one should never be afraid of this struggle, but rather face it with diligence. According to him, we should confront the challenges that come our way in life with our efforts. He believed that asking for help from others would make us weaker, and we wouldn't be able to conquer the battles of life. The main essence of this poem is to achieve success through one's hard work and determination.

Chapter 10: Arun Kamal

Arun Kamal was born on February 15, 1954, in Bihar. He is currently a professor at Patna University. One of his notable works is "Kewal Dhara, Saboot, Naye Ilaake Mein," where he beautifully describes various aspects of life. He translated the famous children's novel "The Jungle Book'' into Hindi. He has been honored with the Sahitya Akademi Award for his contributions to Indian poetry.

Arun Kamal's poems vividly depict different aspects of life. His poems skillfully portray every facet of life and openly express his disdain for the exploitative systems of the present times. His verses are a poignant portrayal of the conditions of laborers. Children, youths, women – all sections of society find a place in his poems. From those who work in jute or iron factories to those laboring on building bridges, from laborers misjudged as Naxalites and killed, to workers who construct tunnels in Darjeeling, schoolmasters, and even those who make incense sticks – all find a voice in his poems.

The uniqueness of Arun Kamal's poems lies in the fact that his depiction of laborers is not limited to a specific class. In the presented poem, the poet satirically comments on the ongoing constructions of the modern world, expressing that nothing remains permanent in this world. Everything must change with time, leading us to face challenges as we quickly become accustomed to any new object or situation. Thus, the poet addresses the rapidly changing construction projects in modern society, suggesting that due to this rapid, often blind construction, even recognizing one's own home has become a challenge.

Arun Kamal's poetry serves as a reminder that the world is in a constant state of flux, and embracing change is essential for survival. Through his verses, he sheds light on the struggles, challenges, and transformations that shape our lives in the ever-changing landscape of the modern world.

The Essence of the Poem "Khushboo Rachte Hai Haath": In the presented poem titled 'Khushboo Rachte Hai Haath' (Creating Fragrance with Hands), the poet portrays the lives of laborers who make incense sticks. These workers include old people, children, youths, women, and the sick – representing a wide spectrum of society. Despite living amidst dirt and grime, they skillfully craft various fragrant incense sticks through their hard work. Their hands have suffered due to the process, and the smell of their own homes is filled with the scent of their labor.

The poet expresses a sense of compassion and sympathy for these laborers. On one hand, the world despises those who reside in these unclean neighborhoods, but on the other hand, these very people, with their soiled hands, offer incense sticks to the divine and pray for their wishes. They make their homes fragrant.

Through this poem, the poet emphasizes the paradox of societal perceptions. People often look down upon those living in impoverished and unsanitary conditions, yet these very individuals, with their humble hands, create incense sticks to offer to God, seeking fulfillment of their desires. In this way, they work hard to bring fragrance and positivity to their homes.

The poem's essence lies in its exploration of the dual nature of these laborers' lives – they are both the subjects of societal scorn and the creators of sacred offerings. The poet sensitively reflects upon the laborers' struggles, resilience, and endeavor to transform their circumstances through their labor.

How to score more marks in Hindi (Sparsh) in the Class 9th Examination?

Scoring well in the Class 9 Hindi (Sparsh) examination requires a strategic approach along with the utilization of valuable resources like NCERT solutions. NCERT solutions for Class 9 Hindi Sparsh are an essential tool for effective preparation. These solutions provide comprehensive explanations and answers to the questions presented in the textbook. They are designed by subject matter experts, ensuring accuracy and alignment with the curriculum.

To excel in the examination, start by thoroughly studying the Sparsh textbook and understanding the concepts in each chapter. Then, practice solving the questions provided at the end of each chapter using the NCERT solutions for Class 9 Hindi Sparsh. These solutions not only help you understand the correct answers but also provide insights into the reasoning and techniques to approach different types of questions.

Additionally, practicing with the NCERT solutions aids in improving time management and accuracy. It helps in grasping the writing style and format expected in the exam. Make sure to go through the solutions regularly, revisiting chapters and questions you find challenging. This will help reinforce your understanding and retention of the material.

When revising, focus on key concepts, themes, and literary devices discussed in the chapters. Try to write short summaries or notes for each chapter, highlighting important points. You can also create flashcards or mind maps to visualize and organize information effectively.

Lastly, for thorough practice, utilize online resources that provide Sparsh Class 9 Hindi NCERT solutions in PDF format. These resources offer convenient access, allowing you to study anytime, anywhere. Remember that consistent practice and a clear understanding of the concepts are key to scoring well in the Class 9 Hindi (Sparsh) examination. With diligent use of NCERT solutions and focused preparation, you can confidently approach the exam and achieve higher marks.

Frequently Asked Questions

Question 1: How many chapters are there in the class 9 Hindi - Sparsh textbook?

Answer 1: There are 10 chapters in the class 9 Hindi - Sparsh textbook.



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