Although Cr3+ and Co2+ ions have the same number

Question:

Although Cr3+ and Co2+ ions have the same number of unpaired electrons the magnetic moment of Cr3+ is 3.87 B.M. and that of Co2+ is 4.87 B.M. Why?

Solution:

Cr3+ has a symmetrical electron distribution and will only have spin magnetic moment contribution whereas Co2+ has no symmetrical distribution of electrons so it will

have an orbital magnetic moment and spin magnetic moment contribution. Therefore, the total magnetic moment for Co2+ will be higher than the Cr3+.

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