Consider the following reduction processes :

Question:

Consider the following reduction processes :

$\mathrm{Zn}^{2+}+2 \mathrm{e}^{-} \rightarrow \mathrm{Zn}(\mathrm{s}) ; \mathrm{E}^{\circ}=-0.76 \mathrm{~V}$

$\mathrm{Ca}^{2+}+2 \mathrm{e}^{-} \rightarrow \mathrm{Ca}(\mathrm{s}) ; \mathrm{E}^{\circ}=-2.87 \mathrm{~V}$

$\mathrm{Mg}^{2+}+2 \mathrm{e}^{-} \rightarrow \mathrm{Mg}(\mathrm{s}) ; \mathrm{E}^{\circ}=-2.36 \mathrm{~V}$

$\mathrm{Ni}^{2+}+2 \mathrm{e}^{-} \rightarrow \mathrm{Ni}(\mathrm{s}) ; \mathrm{E}^{\circ}=-0.25 \mathrm{~V}$

The reducing power of the metals increases in the order:

  1. $\mathrm{Ca}<\mathrm{Zn}<\mathrm{Mg}<\mathrm{Ni}$

  2. $\mathrm{Ni}<\mathrm{Zn}<\mathrm{Mg}<\mathrm{Ca}$

  3. $\mathrm{Zn}<\mathrm{Mg}<\mathrm{Ni}<\mathrm{Ca}$

  4. $\mathrm{Ca}<\mathrm{Mg}<\mathrm{Zn}<\mathrm{Ni}$


Correct Option: , 2

Solution:

Higher the oxidation potential better will be reducing power.

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