Consider the reaction:

Question:

Consider the reaction:

$\mathrm{Cl}_{2}(\mathrm{aq})+\mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{~S}(\mathrm{aq}) \rightarrow \mathrm{S}(\mathrm{s})+2 \mathrm{H}^{+}(\mathrm{aq})+2 \mathrm{Cl}^{-}(\mathrm{aq})$

The rate equation for this reaction is rate $=\mathrm{k}\left[\mathrm{Cl}_{2}\right]\left[\mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{~S}\right]$

Which of these mechanisms is/are consistent with this rate equation?

1. $\mathrm{Cl}_{2}+\mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{~S} \rightarrow \mathrm{H}^{+}+\mathrm{Cl}^{-}+\mathrm{Cl}^{+}+\mathrm{HS}^{-}$(slow)

$\mathrm{Cl}^{+}+\mathrm{HS}^{-} \rightarrow \mathrm{H}^{+}+\mathrm{Cl}^{-}+\mathrm{S}($ fast $)$.

2. $\mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{~S} \Leftrightarrow \mathrm{H}^{+}+\mathrm{HS}^{-}$(fast equilibrium)

$\mathrm{Cl}_{2}+\mathrm{HS}^{-} \rightarrow 2 \mathrm{Cl}^{-}+\mathrm{H}^{+}+\mathrm{S}($ slow $)$

  1. 1 only

  2. 2 only

  3. Both 1 and 2

  4. Neither 1 nor 2


Correct Option: 1

Solution:

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