During the change of

Question:

During the change of $\mathrm{O}_{2}$ to $\mathrm{O}_{2}^{-}$, the incoming electron goes to the orbital :

  1. $\pi 2 \mathrm{p}_{\mathrm{y}}$

  2. $\sigma^{*} 2 p_{z}$

  3. $\pi^{*} 2 p_{x}$

  4. $\pi 2 \mathrm{p}_{\mathrm{x}}$


Correct Option: , 3

Solution:

Electronic configuration of $\mathrm{O}_{2}$ is

$\sigma 1 s^{2} \sigma * 1 s^{2} \sigma 2 s^{2} \sigma * 2 s^{2} \sigma 2 p_{z}^{2} \pi 2 p_{x}^{2}$

$=\pi 2 p_{y}^{2} \pi^{*} 2 p_{x}^{1}=\pi * 2 p_{y}^{1}$

When an electron is added in $\mathrm{O}_{2}$ to form $\mathrm{O}_{2}^{-}$, the incoming electron goes to $\pi^{*} 2 p_{x}$ or $\pi^{*} 2 p_{y}$ orbital.

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