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Elements X, Y and Z have 4,

Question:

Elements X, Y and Z have 4, 5 and 7 valence electrons respectively.

(i) Write the molecular formula of the compounds formed by these elements individually with hydrogen.

(ii) Which of these compounds will have the highest dipole moment?

Solution:

(i); XH4, H3Y, and HZ

Hydrogen has only one electron in its outermost shell it shares one electron to form a covalent bond or accepts or donates one electron to form an ionic bond.

(ii) The compound HZ has a linear shape and the difference in the electronegativity of Hydrogen and element Z is maximum.

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