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Evaluate the following integrals:

Question:

Evaluate the following integrals:

Solution:

Convert $\tan x$ in form of $\sin x$ and $\cos x$.

$\Rightarrow \tan x=\frac{\sin x}{\cos x}$

$\therefore$ The equation now becomes

$\Rightarrow \int \frac{1+\frac{\sin x}{\cos x}}{1-\frac{\sin x}{\cos x}} \mathrm{dx}$

$\Rightarrow \int \frac{\frac{\cos x+\sin x}{\cos x}}{\frac{\cos x}{x-\sin x}} \mathrm{dx}$

$\Rightarrow \int \frac{\cos x+\sin x}{\cos x-\sin x} \mathrm{dx}$

Let $\cos x-\sin x=t$

$\therefore \frac{\mathrm{d}(\cos \mathrm{x}-\sin \mathrm{x})}{\mathrm{dx}}=\frac{\mathrm{dt}}{\mathrm{dx}}$

$\Rightarrow-(\cos x+\sin x) d x=d t$

Substituting $\mathrm{dt}$ and $\mathrm{t}$

We get

$\Rightarrow \int-\frac{d t}{t}$

$\Rightarrow-\ln t+c$

$t=\cos x-\sin x$

$\therefore-\ln |\cos x-\sin x|+c$

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