Explain why propanol has higher boiling point than that of the hydrocarbon,

Question:

Explain why propanol has higher boiling point than that of the hydrocarbon, butane?

Solution:

Propanol undergoes intermolecular H-bonding because of the presence of −OH group. On the other hand, butane does not

Therefore, extra energy is required to break hydrogen bonds. For this reason, propanol has a higher boiling point than hydrocarbon butane.

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