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If a variable line in two adjacent positions has direction cosines l,

Question:

If a variable line in two adjacent positions has direction cosines lmand + dl+ dm+ dn, show that the small angle dq between the two positions is given by

dq2 = dl2 dm2 + dn2

Solution:

Given that l, m, n and + dl+ dm+ dare the direction cosines of a variable line in two positions

l2 + m2 + n2 = 1 ….. (i) and

(l + dl)2 + (+ dm)2 + (+ dn)2 = 1 …. (ii)

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