If light passes near a massive object,


If light passes near a massive object, the gravitational interaction causes a bending of the ray. This can be thought of as happening due to a change in the

effective refractive index of the medium given by n(r) = 1 + 2 GM/rc2 where r is the distance of the point of consideration from the centre of the mass of the

massive body, G is the universal gravitational constant, M the mass of the body and c the speed of light in vacuum. Considering a spherical object find the

deviation of the ray from the original path as it grazes the object.


n(r) = 1 + 2GM/rc2

Leave a comment


Click here to get exam-ready with eSaral

For making your preparation journey smoother of JEE, NEET and Class 8 to 10, grab our app now.

Download Now