Let y=y(x) be the solution of the differential

Question:

Let $y=y(x)$ be the solution of the differential equation $\cos x \frac{d y}{d x}+2 y \sin x=\sin 2 x, x \in\left(0, \frac{\pi}{2}\right)$.

If $y(\pi / 3)=0$, then $y(\pi / 4)$ is equal to :

  1. (1) $2-\sqrt{2}$

  2. (2) $2+\sqrt{2}$

  3. (3) $\sqrt{2}-2$

  4. (4) $\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}-1$


Correct Option: , 3

Solution:

$\frac{d y}{d x}+2 y \tan x=2 \sin x$

I.F. $=e^{\int 2 \tan x d x}=\sec ^{2} x$

The solution of the differential equation is

$y \times$ I.F. $=\int$ I.F $\times 2 \sin x d x+C$

$\Rightarrow y \cdot \sec ^{2} x=\int 2 \sin x \cdot \sec ^{2} x d x+C$

$\Rightarrow y \sec ^{2} x=2 \sec x+C$......(1)

When $x=\frac{\pi}{3}, y=0 ;$ then $C=-4$

$\therefore$ From (1), $y \sec ^{2} x=2 \sec x-4$

$\Rightarrow y=\frac{2 \sec x-4}{\sec ^{2} x} \Rightarrow y\left(\frac{\pi}{4}\right)=\sqrt{2}-2$

Leave a comment

Close
faculty

Click here to get exam-ready with eSaral

For making your preparation journey smoother of JEE, NEET and Class 8 to 10, grab our app now.

Download Now