Make a list of algae and fungi that have commercial

Question:

Make a list of algae and fungi that have commercial value as a source of food, chemicals, medicines and fodder.

Solution:

1. Importance of algae

Algae is used as food in many species like Porphyra, laminaria etc. Chlorella and spirulina are unicellular algae rich in protein

Some kind of marine algae produce a large number of hydrocolloids and used commercially. Example like agar obtained from delirium and gracilaria are used to grow microbes in ice-creams.

2. Importance of fungi

There are edible fungi like mushrooms

Yeast is used in the [production of alcohol and also for fermenting malted cereals juices to produce ethanol.

Cyclosporin A is an immunosuppressive agent in organ transplant patients.

Statins are produced by Monascus purpureus and used as a blood-cholesterol reducing agent.

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