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Monochromatic light having a wavelength of 589nm


Monochromatic light having a wavelength of 589nm from the air is incident on a water surface. Find the frequency, wavelength and speed of

(i) reflected and

(ii) refracted light?

[1.33 is the Refractive index of water]


Monochromatic light incident having wavelength, $\lambda=589 \mathrm{~nm}=589 \times 10^{-9} \mathrm{~m}$

Speed of light in air, c = 3 x 108 m s-1

Refractive index of water, $\mu=1.33$'

(i) In the same medium through which incident ray passed the ray will be reflected back.

Therefore the wavelength, speed, and frequency of the reflected ray will be the same as that of the incident ray.

Frequency of light can be found from the relation:

$v=\frac{c}{\lambda}=\frac{3 \times 10^{8}}{589 \times 10^{-9}}=5.09 \times 10^{14} \mathrm{~Hz}$

(b) The frequency of light which is travelling never depends upon the property of the medium. Therefore, the frequency of the refracted ray in water will be equal to the frequency of the incident or reflected light in air.

Refracted frequency, v = 5.09 x 1014 Hz


Following is the relation between the speed of light in water and the refractive index of the water:

$v=\frac{c}{\mu}=v=\frac{3 \times 10^{8}}{1.33}=2.26 \times 10^{8} \mathrm{~m} \mathrm{~s}^{-1}$

Below is the relation for finding the wavelength of light in water:

$\lambda=\frac{v}{V}=\frac{2.26 \times 10^{8}}{5.09 \times 10^{14}}=444.007 \times 10^{-9} \mathrm{~m}=444.01 \mathrm{~nm}$

Therefore, 444.007 × 10-9 m, 444.01nm, and 5.09 × 1014 Hz  are the speed, frequency, and the wavelength of the refracted light.


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