On an educational trip to Uttaranchal,

Question:

On an educational trip to Uttaranchal, Ketki and her friends observe that many local people were having swollen necks. Please help Ketki and her friends to find out the solutions to the following questions.

a. Which probable disease are these people suffering from?

b. How is it caused?

c. What effect does this condition have on pregnancy?

Solution:

a. Goitre. This is due to the overstimulation of thyroid gland which causes an enlargement in the gland.

b. It is caused due to the deficiency of iodine in the diet that results in hyperthyroidism and enlargement of the thyroid gland

c. Defective development and maturation of the growing baby leads to stunted growth (cretinism)

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