# Show that the following points are collinear:

Question:

Show that the following points are collinear:

(i) A(2, −2), B(−3, 8) and C(−1, 4)
(ii) A(−5, 1), B(5, 5) and C(10, 7)
(iii) A(5, 1), B(1, −1) and C(11, 4)
(iv) A(8, 1), B(3, −4) and C(2, −5)

Solution:

(i)
Let A(x1 = 2, y1 = −2), B(x2 = −3, y2 = 8) and C(x3 = −1, y3 = 4) be the given points. Now

$x_{1}\left(y_{2}-y_{3}\right)+x_{2}\left(y_{3}-y_{1}\right)+x_{3}\left(y_{1}-y_{2}\right)$

$=2(8-4)+(-3)(4+2)+(-1)(-2-8)$

$=8-18+10$

$=0$

Hence, the given points are collinear.

(ii)
Let A(x1 = −5, y1 = 1), B(x2 = 5, y2 = 5) and C(x3 = 10, y3 = 7) be the given points. Now

$x_{1}\left(y_{2}-y_{3}\right)+x_{2}\left(y_{3}-y_{1}\right)+x_{3}\left(y_{1}-y_{2}\right)$

$=(-5)(5-7)+5(7-1)+10(1-5)$

$=-5(-2)+5(6)+10(-4)$

$=10+30-40$

$=0$

Hence, the given points are collinear.

(iii)
Let A(x1 = 5, y1 = 1), B(x2 = 1, y2 = −1) and C(x3 = 11, y3 = 4) be the given points. Now

$x_{1}\left(y_{2}-y_{3}\right)+x_{2}\left(y_{3}-y_{1}\right)+x_{3}\left(y_{1}-y_{2}\right)$

$=5(-1-4)+1(4-1)+11(1+1)$

$=-25+3+22$

$=0$

Hence, the given points are collinear.

(iv)
Let A(x1 = 8, y1 = 1), B(x2 = 3, y2 = −4) and C(x3 = 2, y3 = −5) be the given points. Now

$x_{1}\left(y_{2}-y_{3}\right)+x_{2}\left(y_{3}-y_{1}\right)+x_{3}\left(y_{1}-y_{2}\right)$

$=8(-4+5)+3(-5-1)+2(1+4)$

$=8-18+10$

$=0$

Hence, the given points are collinear.