Show that the function


Show that the function $f: R \rightarrow R: f(x)=2 x+3$ is invertible and find $f^{-1}$.


To Show: that $\mathrm{f}$ is invertible

To Find: Inverse of $f$

[NOTE: Any functions is invertible if and only if it is bijective functions (i.e. one-one and onto)]

one-one function: A function $f: A \rightarrow B$ is said to be a one-one function or injective mapping if different

elements of $A$ have different images in $B$. Thus for $x_{1}, x_{2} \in A \& f\left(x_{1}\right), f\left(x_{2}\right) \in B, f\left(x_{1}\right)=f\left(x_{2}\right) \leftrightarrow x_{1}=x_{2}$ or $x_{1} \neq$ $x_{2} \leftrightarrow f\left(x_{1}\right) \neq f\left(x_{2}\right)$

onto function: If range $=$ co-domain then $f(x)$ is onto functions.

So, We need to prove that the given function is one-one and onto.

Let $x_{1}, x_{2} \in R$ and $f(x)=2 x+3 .$ So $f\left(x_{1}\right)=f\left(x_{2}\right) \rightarrow 2 x_{1}+3=2 x_{2}+3 \rightarrow x_{1}=x_{2}$

So $f\left(x_{1}\right)=f\left(x_{2}\right) \leftrightarrow x_{1}=x_{2}, f(x)$ is one-one

Given co-domain of $f(x)$ is $R$.

Let $y=f(x)=2 x+3$, So $x=\frac{y-3}{2}[$ Range of $f(x)=$ Domain of $y]$

So Domain of $y$ is $R$ (real no.) $=$ Range of $f(x)$

Hence, Range of $f(x)=$ co-domain of $f(x)=R$

So, $f(x)$ is onto function

As it is bijective function. So it is invertible

Invers of $f(x)$ is $f^{-1}(y)=\frac{y-3}{2}$



Leave a comment


Click here to get exam-ready with eSaral

For making your preparation journey smoother of JEE, NEET and Class 8 to 10, grab our app now.

Download Now