The current (i) at time $t=0$ and $t=infty$ respectively for the given circuit is :

Question:

The current (i) at time $t=0$ and $t=\infty$ respectively for the given circuit is :

$\mathrm{R}_{\mathrm{eq}}=\frac{1 \times 4}{1+4}+\frac{5 \times 5}{5+5}$

 

  1. (1) $\frac{18 E}{55}, \frac{5 E}{18}$

  2. (2) $\frac{5 E}{18}, \frac{18 E}{55}$

  3. (3) $\frac{5 \mathrm{E}}{18}, \frac{10 \mathrm{E}}{33}$

  4. (4) $\frac{10 \mathrm{E}}{33}, \frac{5 \mathrm{E}}{18}$


Correct Option: , 3

Solution:

(3)

at $t=0$, inductor is removed, so circuit will look like this at $t=0$

$\mathrm{R}_{\mathrm{eq}}=\frac{6 \times 9}{6+9}=\frac{54}{15}$

$\mathrm{I}(\mathrm{t}=0)=\frac{\mathrm{E} \times 15}{54}=\frac{5 \mathrm{E}}{18}$

at $t=\infty$, inductor is replaced by plane wire, so circuit will look like this at $t=\infty$

$I(t=\infty)=\frac{E}{\frac{5}{2}+\frac{4}{5}}=\frac{10 E}{33}$

Now

$\mathrm{R}_{\mathrm{eq}}=\frac{1 \times 4}{1+4}+\frac{5 \times 5}{5+5}$

$=\frac{4}{5}+\frac{5}{2}=\frac{8+25}{10}=\frac{33}{10}$

$\mathrm{I}=\frac{\mathrm{E}}{\mathrm{R}_{\mathrm{eq}}}=\frac{10 \mathrm{E}}{33}$

 

 

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