The length of a rectangle is thrice as long as the side of a square.
Question:

The length of a rectangle is thrice as long as the side of a square. The side of the square is 4 cm more than width of a the rectangle. Their areas being equal, find their dimensions.

Solution:

Let the breadth of rectangle be $x \mathrm{~cm}$.

According to the question:

Side of the square $=(x+4) \mathrm{cm}$

Length of the rectangle $=\{3(x+4)\} \mathrm{cm}$

It is given that the areas of the rectangle and square are same.

$\therefore 3(x+4) \times x=(x+4)^{2}$

$\Rightarrow 3 x^{2}+12 x=(x+4)^{2}$

$\Rightarrow 3 x^{2}+12 x=x^{2}+8 x+16$

$\Rightarrow 2 x^{2}+4 x-16=0$

$\Rightarrow x^{2}+2 x-8=0$

$\Rightarrow x^{2}+(4-2) x-8=0$

$\Rightarrow x^{2}+4 x-2 x-8=0$

$\Rightarrow x(x+4)-2(x+4)=0$

$\Rightarrow(x+4)(x-2)=0$

$\Rightarrow x=-4$ or $x=2$

$\therefore x=2 \quad(\because$ The value of $x$ cannot be negative)

Thus, the breadth of the rectangle is $2 \mathrm{~cm}$ and length is $\{3(2+4)=18\} \mathrm{cm}$.

Also, the side of the square is $6 \mathrm{~cm}$.

 

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