The line x=y touches a circle at the point


The line $x=y$ touches a circle at the point $(1,1)$. If the circle also passes through the point $(1,-3)$, then its radius is:

  1. (1) 3

  2. (2) $2 \sqrt{2}$

  3. (3) 2

  4. (4) $3 \sqrt{2}$

Correct Option: , 2


Equation of circle which touches the line $y=x$ at $(1,1)$

is, $(x-1)^{2}+(y-1)^{2}+\lambda(y-x)=0$

This circle passes through $(1,-3)$

$\therefore 0+16+\lambda(-3-1)=0$

$\Rightarrow 16+\lambda(-4)=0 \Rightarrow \lambda=4$

Hence, equation of circle will be,

$(x-1)^{2}+(y-1)^{2}+4 y-4 x=0$

$\Rightarrow x^{2}+y^{2}-6 x+2 y+2=0$

$\therefore$ Radius $=\sqrt{9+1-2}=2 \sqrt{2}$

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