Two electrons each are fixed


Two electrons each are fixed at a distance ' $2 d$ '. A third charge proton placed at the midpoint is displaced slightly by a distance $\mathrm{x}(\mathrm{x}<<\mathrm{d})$ perpendicular to the line joining the two fixed charges. Proton will execute simple harmonic motion having angular frequency : $(\mathrm{m}=$ mass of charged particle)

  1. $\left(\frac{2 \mathrm{q}^{2}}{\pi \varepsilon_{0} m d^{3}}\right)^{\frac{1}{2}}$

  2. $\left(\frac{\pi \varepsilon_{0} m d^{3}}{2 q^{2}}\right)^{\frac{1}{2}}$

  3. $\left(\frac{\mathrm{q}^{2}}{2 \pi \varepsilon_{0} \mathrm{md}^{3}}\right)^{\frac{1}{2}}$

  4. $\left(\frac{2 \pi \varepsilon_{0} \mathrm{md}^{3}}{\mathrm{q}^{2}}\right)^{\frac{1}{2}}$

Correct Option: , 3


From the given condition, we have

$\mathrm{F}_{\text {netq }}=-\left[2 \mathrm{~F}_{\mathrm{q} / \mathrm{q}} \cos \theta\right]$

$\mathrm{F}_{\text {netq }}=-2 \cdot \frac{1}{4 \pi \varepsilon_{0}} \cdot \frac{\mathrm{q}^{2}}{\left(\sqrt{\mathrm{d}^{2}+\mathrm{x}^{2}}\right)^{2}} \cdot \frac{\mathrm{x}}{\sqrt{\mathrm{d}^{2}+\mathrm{x}^{2}}}$

$=-\frac{\mathrm{q}^{2}}{2 \pi \varepsilon_{0}} \frac{\mathrm{x}}{\left(\mathrm{d}^{2}+\mathrm{x}^{2}\right)^{3 / 2}}$

For $\mathrm{x}<<\mathrm{d}$,

$\mathrm{F}_{\text {net } \mathrm{q}}=-\frac{\mathrm{q}^{2}}{2 \pi \varepsilon_{0} \mathrm{~d}^{3}} \mathrm{x}$

$\therefore \mathrm{a}=-\frac{\mathrm{q}^{2}}{2 \pi \varepsilon_{0} \cdot \mathrm{md}^{3}} \mathrm{x}$

Comparing with equation of SHM $\left(\mathrm{a}=-\omega^{2} \mathrm{x}\right)$

$\therefore \omega=\sqrt{\frac{\mathrm{q}^{2}}{2 \pi \varepsilon_{0} \mathrm{md}^{3}}}$

Hence option (3) is correct

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