Two narrow bores of diameter

Question:

Two narrow bores of diameter $5.0 \mathrm{~mm}$ and $8.0 \mathrm{~mm}$ are joined together to form a U-shaped tube open at both ends. If this U-tube contains water, what is the difference in the level of two limbs of the tube. [Take surface tension of water $\mathrm{T}=7.3 \times 10^{-2} \mathrm{Nm}^{-1}$, angle of contact $=0, \mathrm{~g}=10 \mathrm{~ms}^{-2}$ and density of water $=1.0 \times 10^{3} \mathrm{~kg} \mathrm{~m}^{-3}$ ]

  1. $3.62 \mathrm{~mm}$

  2. $2.19 \mathrm{~mm}$

  3. $5.34 \mathrm{~mm}$

  4. $4.97 \mathrm{~mm}$


Correct Option: , 2

Solution:

We have $\mathrm{P}_{\mathrm{A}}=\mathrm{P}_{\mathrm{B}}$. [Points $\mathrm{A} \& \mathrm{~B}$ at same horizontal level]

$\therefore \mathrm{P}_{\mathrm{atmm}}-\frac{2 \mathrm{~T}}{\mathrm{r}_{1}}+\rho g(\mathrm{x}+\Delta \mathrm{h})=\mathrm{P}_{\mathrm{atm}}-\frac{2 \mathrm{~T}}{\mathrm{r}_{2}}+\rho g \mathrm{x}$

$\therefore \rho \mathrm{g} \Delta \mathrm{h}=2 \mathrm{~T}\left[\frac{1}{\mathrm{r}_{1}}-\frac{1}{\mathrm{r}_{2}}\right]$

$=2 \times 7.3 \times 10^{-2}\left[\frac{1}{2.5 \times 10^{-3}}-\frac{1}{4 \times 10^{-3}}\right]$

$\therefore \Delta \mathrm{h}=\frac{2 \times 7.3 \times 10^{-2} \times 10^{3}}{10^{3} \times 10}\left[\frac{1}{2.5}-\frac{1}{4}\right]$

$=2.19 \times 10^{-3} \mathrm{~m}=2.19 \mathrm{~mm}$

Hence option (2)

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