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Use Lenz’s law to determine the direction of induced current in the situations described by Fig. 6.19:

Question:

Use Lenz’s law to determine the direction of induced current in the situations described by Fig. 6.19:

(a) A wire of irregular shape turning into a circular shape;

(b) A circular loop being deformed into a narrow straight wire.

Solution:

According to Lenz’s law, the direction of the induced emf is such that it tends to produce a current that opposes the change in the magnetic flux that produced it.

(a) When the shape of the wire changes, the flux piercing through the unit surface area increases. As a result, the induced current produces an opposing flux. Hence, the induced current flows along adcb.

(b) When the shape of a circular loop is deformed into a narrow straight wire, the flux piercing the surface decreases. Hence, the induced current flows along $a^{\prime} d^{\prime} c^{\prime} b^{\prime}$.

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