What are the various routes by which transmission of human immunodeficiency virus takes place?

Question:

What are the various routes by which transmission of human immunodeficiency virus takes place?

Solution:

AIDS (Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome) is caused by the Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

It has the following modes of transmission:

(a) Unprotected sexual contact with an infected person.

(b) Transfusion of blood from a healthy to an infected person.

(c) Sharing infected needles and syringes.

(d) From an infected mother to a child through the placenta.

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