Write the value

Question:

Write the value of $\tan ^{-1} x+\tan ^{-1}\left(\frac{1}{x}\right)$ for $x<0$.

Solution:

$\tan ^{-1} x+\tan ^{-1} y=\tan ^{-1}\left(\frac{x+y}{1-x y}\right)$

When $x<0, \frac{1}{x}<0$, then both are negative.

Let $x=-y, y>0$

Then,

$\tan ^{-1} x+\tan ^{-1} \frac{1}{x}=\tan ^{-1}(-y)+\tan ^{-1}\left(-\frac{1}{y}\right)$

$=-\left(\tan ^{-1} y+\tan ^{-1} \frac{1}{y}\right)$

$=-\tan ^{-1}\left(\frac{y+\frac{1}{y}}{1-y \frac{1}{y}}\right), y>0$

$=-\tan ^{-1}\left(\frac{y^{2}+1}{0}\right)$

$=-\tan ^{-1}(\infty)$

$=-\tan ^{-1}\left(\tan \frac{\pi}{2}\right)$

$=-\frac{\pi}{2}$

$\therefore \tan ^{-1} x+\tan ^{-1} \frac{1}{x}=-\frac{\pi}{2}, x<0$

Leave a comment

Close
faculty

Click here to get exam-ready with eSaral

For making your preparation journey smoother of JEE, NEET and Class 8 to 10, grab our app now.

Download Now