Vector- JEE Advanced Previous Year Questions with Solutions

JEE Advanced Previous Year Questions of Physics with Solutions are available at eSaral. Practicing JEE Advanced Previous Year Papers Questions of Physics will help the JEE aspirants in realizing the question pattern as well as help in analyzing weak & strong areas.

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Previous Years JEE Advanced Questions

Q. Three vectors $\overrightarrow{\mathrm{P}}, \overrightarrow{\mathrm{Q}}$ and $\overrightarrow{\mathrm{R}}$ are shown in the figure. Let S be any point on the vector $\overrightarrow{\mathrm{R}}$. The distance between the points P and S is b $|\overrightarrow{\mathrm{R}}|$. The general relation among vectors $\overrightarrow{\mathrm{P}}, \overrightarrow{\mathrm{Q}}$ and $\overrightarrow{\mathrm{S}}$ is :

$(\mathrm{A}) \overrightarrow{\mathrm{S}}=(1-\mathrm{b}) \overrightarrow{\mathrm{P}}+\mathrm{b}^{2} \overrightarrow{\mathrm{Q}}$

(B) $\overrightarrow{\mathrm{S}}=(b-1) \overrightarrow{\mathrm{P}}+b \overrightarrow{\mathrm{Q}}$

(C) $\overrightarrow{\mathrm{S}}=(1-\mathrm{b}) \overrightarrow{\mathrm{P}}+\mathrm{b} \overrightarrow{\mathrm{Q}}$

$(\mathrm{D}) \overrightarrow{\mathrm{S}}=\left(1-\mathrm{b}^{2}\right) \overrightarrow{\mathrm{P}}+\mathrm{b} \overrightarrow{\mathrm{Q}}$

[JEE Advanced – 2017]

Sol. (C)

Let vector from point P to point S be $\overrightarrow{\mathrm{c}}$

$\Rightarrow \overrightarrow{\mathrm{c}}=\mathrm{b}|\overrightarrow{\mathrm{R}}| \hat{\mathrm{R}}=\mathrm{b}|\overrightarrow{\mathrm{R}}|\left(\frac{\overrightarrow{\mathrm{R}}}{|\overrightarrow{\mathrm{R}}|}\right)=\mathrm{b} \overrightarrow{\mathrm{R}}=\mathrm{b}(\overrightarrow{\mathrm{Q}}-\overrightarrow{\mathrm{P}})$

from triangle rule of vector addition

$\overrightarrow{\mathrm{P}}+\overrightarrow{\mathrm{C}}=\overrightarrow{\mathrm{S}}$

$\overrightarrow{\mathrm{P}}+\mathrm{b}(\overrightarrow{\mathrm{Q}}-\overrightarrow{\mathrm{P}})=\overrightarrow{\mathrm{S}}$

$\Rightarrow \overrightarrow{\mathrm{S}}=(1-\mathrm{b}) \overrightarrow{\mathrm{P}}+\mathrm{b} \overrightarrow{\mathrm{Q}}$


Q. Consider an expanding sphere of instantaneous radius R whose total mass remains constant. The expansion is such that the instantaneous density  remains uniform throughout the volume. The rate of fractional change in density $\left(\frac{1}{\rho} \frac{\mathrm{d} \rho}{\mathrm{dt}}\right)$ is constant. The velocity v of any point on the surface of the expanding sphere is proportional to :

(A) $\mathrm{R}^{3}$

(B) $\frac{1}{\mathrm{R}}$

(C) R

(D) $\mathrm{R}^{2 / 3}$

[JEE Advanced – 2017]

Sol. (C)

Density of sphere is $\rho=\frac{\mathrm{m}}{\mathrm{v}}=\frac{3 \mathrm{m}}{4 \pi \mathrm{R}^{3}}$

$\Rightarrow \frac{1}{\rho} \frac{\mathrm{d} \rho}{\mathrm{dt}}=-\frac{3}{\mathrm{R}} \frac{\mathrm{d} \mathrm{R}}{\mathrm{dt}}$

since $\Rightarrow \frac{1}{\rho} \frac{\mathrm{d} \rho}{\mathrm{dt}}$ is constant

$\therefore \frac{\mathrm{d} \mathrm{R}}{\mathrm{dt}} \propto \mathrm{R}$

Velocity of any point on the circumfrence V is equal to $\frac{\mathrm{d} \mathrm{R}}{\mathrm{dt}}$ (rate of change of radius of outer layer)


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