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NEET Biology Weightage

JEE Mains & Advanced

The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) is a national-level entrance examination conducted annually for admission to medical colleges. NEET exam evaluates the students' proficiency in various sections including Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. 

The total number of questions in the NEET exam is 200. Out of 200 questions in the NEET exam, 100 questions are included in the Biology section. On average, the Biology section in the NEET exam is the easiest section over the years. Students find the Biology section easy because 80% to 85% of the questions appearing in this section in NEET 2023 are taken directly from NCERT Syllabus.

NEET offers students the opportunity to get admission to the top medical institutes of India. Therefore, each chapter of the syllabus is relevant but must be covered to prepare everything accordingly. Each chapter’s importance in the syllabus means that students must prepare accordingly and devise a strategy for covering the syllabus.

One of the most important subjects to cover in your NEET preparation is Biology. Biology alone covers more than half of the marks and forms a part of the total paper build-up for NEET. 

NEET Biology Syllabus 2024 - Class-wise

The NEET Biology syllabus includes chapters from Class 11 and Class 12 Biology. Here is the list of 11th and 12th Biology chapters

Class 11th

Class 12th

Diversity in the Living World

Reproduction

Movement Neural control & coordination and Locomotion

Human Welfare and Biology

Structural Organization in Animals and Plant

Genetics and Evolution

Animal Kingdom

Fluids, body, and Circulation

Plant Physiology

Biotechnology and its Applications

Human Physiology

Environment and Ecology

Digestion and Absorption

Biotechnology Principles

Structural organization of animals

Reproductive Health

Excretory products and their elimination

Evolution

Exchange of Gases

Diseases and Human Health

NEET Biology Syllabus 2024 - Chapter-wise

NEET Biology syllabus 2024 - chapter wise is given below:

Class 11 Syllabus for NEET Biology

Unit 1: Diversity in Living World 

  • What is living?; Biodiversity; Need for classification; Three domains of life; Taxonomy & Systematics; Concept of species and taxonomical hierarchy; Binomial nomenclature; Tools for study of Taxonomy – Museums, Zoos, Herbaria, Botanical gardens

  • Five kingdom classification; salient features and classification of Monera; Protista and Fungi into major groups; Lichens; Viruses and Viroids

  • Salient features and classification of plants into major groups, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms, and Angiosperms (three to five salient and distinguishing features and at least two examples of each category); Angiosperms classification up to class, characteristic features, and examples)

  • Salient features and classification of animals-nonchordate up to phyla level and chordate up to class  level (three to five salient features and at least two examples)

Unit 2: Structural Organization in Plants and Animals 

  • Morphology and modifications; Tissues; Anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants: Root, stem, leaf, inflorescence- cymose and racemose, flower, fruit, and seed (To be dealt with along with the relevant practical of the Practical Syllabus)

  • Animal tissues; Morphology, anatomy, and functions of different systems (digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous, and reproductive) of an insect (cockroach). (Brief account only)

Unit 3: Cell Structure and Function 

  • Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life; Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell; Plant cell and animal cell; Cell envelope, cell membrane, cell wall; Cell organelles-structure and function; Endomembrane system-endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bodies, lysosomes, vacuoles; mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, microbodies; Cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella, centrioles (ultrastructure and function); Nucleus-nuclear membrane, chromatin, nucleolus

  • Chemical constituents of living cells: Biomolecules-structure and function of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids; Enzymes-types, properties, enzyme action

  • B Cell division: Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance

Unit 4: Plant Physiology 

  • Transport in plants: Movement of water, gases, and nutrients; Cell to cell transport-Diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active transport; Plant–water relations – Imbibition, water potential, osmosis, plasmolysis; Long distance transport of water – Absorption, apoplast, symplast, transpiration pull, root pressure and guttation; Transpiration-Opening and closing of stomata; Uptake and translocation of mineral nutrients-Transport of food, phloem transport, Mass flow hypothesis; Diffusion of gases (brief mention)

  • Mineral nutrition: Essential minerals, macro, and micronutrients and their role; Deficiency symptoms; Mineral toxicity; Elementary idea of Hydroponics as a method to study mineral nutrition; Nitrogen metabolism-Nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation

  • Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis as a means of Autotrophic nutrition; Site of photosynthesis takes place; pigments involved in Photosynthesis (Elementary idea); Photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis; Cyclic and noncyclic and photophosphorylation; Chemiosmotic hypothesis; Photorespiration C3 and C4 pathways; Factors affecting photosynthesis

  • Respiration: Exchange gases; Cellular respiration-glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic); Energy relations- Number of ATP molecules generated; Amphibolic pathways; Respiratory quotient

  • Plant growth and development: Seed germination; Phases of Plant growth and plant growth rate; Conditions of growth; Differentiation, dedifferentiation, and redifferentiation; Sequence of developmental process in a plant cell; Growth regulators-auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA; Seed dormancy; Vernalisation; Photoperiodism

Unit 5: Human Physiology 

  • Digestion and absorption; Alimentary canal and digestive glands; Role of digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones; Peristalsis, digestion, absorption, and assimilation of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; Caloric value of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; Egestion; Nutritional and digestive disorders – PEM, indigestion, constipation, vomiting, jaundice, diarrhea

  • Breathing and Respiration: Respiratory organs in animals (recall only); Respiratory system in humans; Mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration Respiratory volumes; Disorders related to respiration-Asthma, Emphysema, Occupational respiratory disorders

  • Body fluids and circulation: Composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood; Composition of lymph and its function; Human circulatory system structure of human heart and blood vessels; Cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG, Double circulation; Regulation of cardiac activity; Disorders of circulatory system-Hypertension, Coronary artery disease, Angina pectoris, Heart failure

  • Excretory products and their elimination: Modes of excretion- Ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; Human excretory system structure and function; Urine formation, Osmoregulation; Regulation of kidney function-Renin-angiotensin, Atrial Natriuretic Factor, ADH and Diabetes insipidus; Role of other organs in excretion; Disorders; Uraemia, Renal failure, Renal calculi, Nephritis; Dialysis and artificial kidney

  • Locomotion and Movement: Types of movement- ciliary, flagella, muscular; Skeletal muscle-contractile proteins and muscle contraction; Skeletal system and its functions (To be dealt with in the relevant practical of Practical syllabus); Joints; Disorders of the muscular and skeletal system. Myasthenia gravis, Tetany, Muscular dystrophy, Arthritis, Osteoporosis, Gout

  • Neural control and coordination: Neuron and nerves; Nervous system in humans, central nervous system, peripheral nervous system, and visceral nervous system; Generation and conduction of nerve impulse; Reflex action; Sense organs; Elementary structure and function of eye and ear

  • Chemical coordination and regulation: Endocrine glands and hormones; Human endocrine system, Pituitary, Pineal, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Adrenal, Pancreas, Gonads; Mechanism of hormone action (Elementary Idea); Role of hormones as messengers and regulators, Hypo-and hyperactivity and related disorders (Common disorders e.g. Dwarfism, Acromegaly, Cretinism, goiter, exophthalmic goiter, diabetes, Addison’s disease)

Note: The diseases and disorders mentioned must be studied in brief. 

Class 12 Syllabus for NEET Biology

Unit 1: Reproduction 

  • Reproduction in organisms: Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all organisms for continuation of species; Modes of reproduction – Asexual and sexual; Asexual reproduction; Modes-Binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule, fragmentation; vegetative propagation in plants

  • Sexual reproduction in flowering plants: Flower structure; Development of male and female gametophytes; Pollination-types, agencies, and examples; Outbreeding devices; Pollen-Pistil interaction; Double fertilization; Post fertilization events- Development of endosperm and embryo, Development of seed and formation of fruit; Special modes-apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony; Significance of seed and fruit formation

  • Human Reproduction: Male and female reproductive systems; Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; Gametogenesis-spermatogenesis & oogenesis; Menstrual cycle; Fertilisation, embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation; Pregnancy and placenta formation (Elementary idea); Parturition (Elementary idea); Lactation (Elementary idea)

  • Reproductive health: Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD); Birth control and Methods, Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP); Amniocentesis; Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies – IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (Elementary idea for general awareness)

Unit 2: Genetics and Evolution 

  • Heredity and variation: Mendelian Inheritance; Deviations from Mendelism- Incomplete dominance, Co-dominance, Multiple alleles and Inheritance of blood groups, Pleiotropy; Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; Chromosome theory of inheritance; Chromosomes and genes; Sex determination-In humans, birds, honey bee; Linkage and crossing over; Sex-linked inheritance-Haemophilia, Colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans-Thalassemia; Chromosomal disorders in humans; Down’s syndrome, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes

  • Molecular basis of Inheritance: Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material; Structure of DNA and RNA; DNA packaging; DNA replication; Central dogma; Transcription, genetic code, translation; Gene expression and regulation- Lac Operon; Genome and human genome project; DNA fingerprinting

  • Evolution: Origin of life; Biological evolution and shreds of evidence for biological evolution from Paleontology, comparative anatomy, embryology, and molecular evidence); Darwin’s contribution, Modern Synthetic theory of Evolution; Mechanism of evolution (Mutation and Recombination) and Natural Selection with examples, types of natural selection; Gene flow and genetic drift; Hardy-Weinberg’s principle; Adaptive Radiation; Human evolution

Unit 3: Biology and Human Welfare 

  • Health and Disease; Pathogens; parasites causing human diseases (Malaria, Filariasis, Ascariasis. Typhoid, Pneumonia, common cold, amoebiasis, ringworm); Basic concepts of immunology-vaccines; Cancer, HIV and AIDS; Adolescence, drug and alcohol abuse

  • Improvement in food production; Plant breeding, tissue culture, single cell protein, Biofortification; Apiculture and Animal husbandry

  • Microbes in human welfare: In household food processing, industrial production, sewage treatment, energy generation, and as biocontrol agents and biofertilizers

Unit 4: Biotechnology and its Applications 

  • Principles and process of Biotechnology: Genetic engineering (Recombinant DNA technology)

  • Application of Biotechnology in health and agriculture: Human insulin and vaccine production, gene therapy; Genetically modified organisms-Bt crops; Transgenic Animals; Biosafety issues – Biopiracy and patents

Unit 5: Ecology and Environment 

  • Organisms and environment: Habitat and niche; Population and ecological adaptations; Population interactions-mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism; Population attributes-growth, birth rate and death rate, age distribution

  • Ecosystem: Patterns, components; productivity and decomposition; Energy flow; Pyramids of number, biomass, energy; Nutrient cycling (carbon and phosphorous); Ecological succession; Ecological Services-Carbon fixation, pollination, oxygen release

  • Biodiversity and its conservation: Concept of Biodiversity; Patterns of Biodiversity; Importance of Biodiversity; Loss of Biodiversity; Biodiversity conservation; Hotspots, endangered organisms, extinction, Red Data Book, biosphere reserves, National parks and sanctuaries

  • Environmental issues: Air pollution and its control; Water pollution and its control; Agrochemicals and their effects; Solid waste management; Radioactive waste management; Greenhouse effect and global warming; Ozone depletion; Deforestation; Any three case studies as success stories addressing environmental issues

NEET Chapter Wise Weightage (2023)

Only about 15% of the questions in the Biology section of the NEET are NCERT-based. Therefore, candidates who are familiar with every line of the NCERT Biology textbook will be able to pass the Biology section of NEET with flying colors. To help students understand the importance of concepts further, we bring you the chapter-wise weightage of the Biology concepts as the Biology syllabus of NEET is very comprehensive.

NEET Chapter Wise Weightage (Biology)

Class

Chapter Name

No. of questions

11th

Anatomy of Flowering Plants

3

 

Animal Kingdom (Chordates)

2

 

Biological Classification

2

 

Biomolecules

4

 

Body Fluids and Circulation

2

 

Breathing and Exchange of Gases

2

 

Cell: The unit of Life

2

 

Cell Cycle and Cell Division

4

 

Chemical Coordination and Integration

1

 

Digestion and Absorption

2

 

Excretory Products and their Elimination

1

 

Locomotion and Movement

2

 

Mineral Nutrition

2

 

Morphology of Flowering Plants

3

 

Neural Control and Coordination

1

 

Photosynthesis in Higher Plants

3

 

Plant Growth and Development

3

 

Plant Kingdom

3

 

Respiration in Plants

2

 

Structural Organisation in Animals (Animal Tissues)

3

 

Structural Organisation in Animals (Contd….) (Animal Morphology)

1

 

The Living World

1

 

Transport in Plants

3

 

11th Total

52

12th

Biodiversity and Conservation

3

 

Biotechnology – Principles and Processes

4

 

Biotechnology and its applications

3

 

Ecosystem

3

 

Environmental Issues

3

 

Evolution

2

 

Human Health and Disease

2

 

Human Reproduction

3

 

Microbes in Human Welfare

1

 

Molecular Basis of Inheritance

9

 

Organisms and Populations

3

 

Principles of Inheritance and Variation

5

 

Reproduction in Organisms

1

 

Reproductive Health

2

 

Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants

3

 

Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production

1

 

12th Total

48

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