Carbon monoxide gas is more dangerous than carbon dioxide gas.

Question:

Carbon monoxide gas is more dangerous than carbon dioxide gas. Why?

Solution:

Carbon dioxide (CO2) and carbon monoxide (CO) gases are emitted during the combustion of various fuels. Carbon monoxide is poisonous, whereas carbon-dioxide is non-toxic in nature.

Carbon monoxide is poisonous because it is capable of forming a complex with haemoglobin (carboxyhaemoglobin), which is more stable than the oxygen-haemoglobin complex. The concentration range of 3–4% of carboxyhaemoglobin decreases the oxygen-carrying capacity of blood. This results in headaches, weak eyesight, nervousness, and cardiovascular disorders. A more increased concentration may even lead to death.

Carbon dioxide is not poisonous. It proves harmful only at very high concentrations.

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